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Original Article New Mutation Site in Vasopressin V2 Receptor Gene in a Family with Congenital Nephrogenic Diabetes Incipidus.
Soon Hee Lee, Chang Hoon Choi, See Hyung Park, Young Sun Choi, Jeong Gook Kim, Seung Woo Ha, Bo Wan Kim
Endocrinology and Metabolism 2000;15(1):97-106

Published online: January 1, 2001
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Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Taegu, Korea.

Congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is a rare inherited disorder, in which two different hereditary forms, X-linked and autosomal recessive traits, have been identified. The X-linked recessive form, mostly (>90%) congenital NDI, has been known to be caused by mutation of the arginine-vasopressin receptor 2 (AVPR2) gene. AVPR2 mutation sites are different in ethnic groups and recently 72 different mutation sites have been reported among AVPR2 gene. This study aimed to analyze AVPR2 gene in selected members in a Korean family with NDI and provided a report of the existence of a new mutation site in AVPR2 gene. METHODS: Three-generation maternal pedigree of the index patient (21-year old male, patient I) and his younger brother (19-year old male, patient II) with NDI was collected. Genomic DNA was obtained from patient I, II, III (index patient's male maternal cousin with NDI), index patient's mother, three maternal aunts, one female maternal cousin and, for control, one healthy male volunteer. Three coding exons of AVPR2 gene were amplified by PCR using 4 pairs of oligonucleotide primers. After direct sequencing of amplified PCR products, the sequence was compared with whole squence of normal AVPR2 gene and identification of a new site of mutation in this gene was done. RESULTS: 1) all three male patients had transversion of G to C at position 1033 of the AVPR2 gene, resulting in a subsequent change of amino acid from glycine to cysteine in codon 201. 2) Two small peaks of G and T, the result of direct sequencing in five female members in this family, would suggest that they are carriers of G to N transversion. CONCLUSION: These results can demonstrate the significant functional correlation of the mutation in AVPR2 gene sequence with clinical NDI, and suggest the clinical utility of direct mutation testing for congenital NDI in family.

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