Journal of Korean Endocrine Society 2002;17(1):69-78.
Published online February 1, 2002.
The Effects of Iodide on the Cellular Functions and Expression of Thyroid Autoantigens in Thyroid Cells.
Young Joo Park, Eun Shin Park, Tae Yong Kim, Hye Seung Jung, Hyeong Kyu Park, Do Joon Park, Won Bae Kim, Chan Soo Shin, Kyoung Soo Park, Seong Yeon Kim, Hong Kyu Lee, Bo Youn Cho
1The Institute of Endocrinology, Nutrition and Metabolism, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.
2Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.
3Clinical Research Institute Hormone Research Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Korea.
4Genomic Research Center for Diabetes and Endocrine Disease, Seoul, Korea.
Iodide has been known to control the function and the growth of the thyroid gland, and to be used as a substrate of thyroid hormone. Moreover, it has been suggested that excessive iodide stimulates the thyroid autoimmune responses. To evaluate the effects of iodide on thyrocytes, we investigated cell function and proliferation, or thyroid autoantigen expression after administering iodide to rats or FRTL-5 cells. MEHTODS AND RESULTS: Ten-weeks-old Sprague-Dawley rats were sacrificed after 7 days of NaI treatment. The expressions of thyroid autoantigens were examined by northern blot analysis. Chronic administration of iodide resulted in no effect on TSH receptor (TSHR) and thyroperoxidase (TPO) mRNA expression, while it increased thyroglobulin (TG) and diminished sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) mRNA expression. FRTL-5 cells were also treated with various concentrations of NaI. The generation of cAMP or iodide uptake was decreased, and the cellular growth was also inhibited by iodide. However, the expressions of all thyroid autoantigens (TSHR, TG, TPO, MHC class I and class II) except NIS were unchanged for 72 hours after iodide administration. The expression of NIS was mildly increased after 24 hours. CONCLUSION: Iodide resulted in decreased cell proliferation and cellular function of cAMP generation and iodide uptake. Chronic administration of iodide increased TG and diminished NIS mRNA expression in vivo but not in vitro
Key Words: odide, Thyroid autoantigen, cAMP, Iodide uptake, Cell proliferation

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