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Original Article Adequate Duration of Medical Therapy for Koreans with Graves' Disease.
Hyoung Suk Lee, Dong Hun Lee, Hee Sun Chung, Jong Woo Lee, Jung Eun Kim, Seung Soo Shin, Yoon Sok Chung, Kwan Woo Lee, Hyeon Man Kim
Endocrinology and Metabolism 2003;18(1):24-31

Published online: February 1, 2003
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1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
2Department of Pulmonology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

BACKGROUND
Graves' disease is an organ specific autoimmune disease. Three kinds of therapeutic modalities(antithyroid drugs, ablation with radioactive iodine and subtotal thyroidectomy) are frequently performed for the management of this disease. The most popular therapeutic policy for the disease in Korea is antithyroid treatment. We analysed and compared the remission rates of all three modalities for Graves' disease, and evaluated the antithyroid modality to determine the correct duration of treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 205 patients with Graves' disease were reviewed. For the evaluation of the antithyroid modality medical treatment, antithyroid drugs were administered for more than 1 year. The prognostic factors associated with remission were analysed by means of an ROC curve. RESULTS: 1) Of the 205 patients, proportions that received medical therapy, subtotal thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy were 83.0, 14.1 and 2.9%, respectively. 2) The remission rates of the medical therapy, surgery and radioiodine therapy were 60.0, 96.5 and 83.0%, respectively. 3) The remission rate of the medical therapy was associated with the duration of medication and TBII activity. The determined proper duration for the antithyroid treatment was 26 months from the ROC curve analysis. CONCLUSION: The above results suggest that the proper duration of antithyroid treatment for Graves' disease is 26 months, after which time the subtotal thyroidectomy or radioiodine therapy should be considered if the disease has not remitted.

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