Journal of Korean Endocrine Society 2003;18(1):32-44.
Published online February 1, 2003.
HLA, CTLA-4 and TNF-beta Gene Polymorphisms and Disease Susceptibility in Korean Children with Graves' Disease.
Moon Young Song, Min Ho Jung, Jun Seong Lee, Tai Gyu Kim, Sei Won Yang, Byung Churl Lee
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. byungcl@catholic.ac.kr
2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Graves' disease(GD) is an organ-specific autoimmune disorder that is inherited as a complex trait. At present three loci, namely the human leukocyte antigen(HLA), the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4(CTLA-4) and a thyroid stimulating hormone receptor(TSHR) are the only well-known genetic determinants for GD. To understand the mechanisms underlying the development of GD, we investigated the relationship of HLA alleles, polymorphisms of CTLA-4 gene and the tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-beta gene, with the disease susceptibility. METHODS: Fifty-two Korean children with GD(45 girls and 7 boys), and 119 healthy children, were investigated in this study. The HLA alleles were determined by a standard lymphocyte microtoxicity technique, ARMS-PCR(Amplification Refractory Mutation System-Polymerase Chain Reaction), PCR-SSP(Sequence Specific Primer) and PCR-SSOP(Sequence Specific Oliogonucleotide Probe) method. The CTLA-4 gene polymorphism was analyzed by PCR-SSCP(Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism), and the TNF-beta gene polymorphism by PCR-RFLP(Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism). RESULTS: (1) The frequencies of HLA-A2, B46, DRB1*08 and DPB1*0202 were significantly increased, and those of HLA-A24, DQA1*01 and DQB1*05 were significantly decreased, in the GD patients compared to the control subjects. (2) A significant difference in the distributions of the AA, AG, and GG genotypes of the CTLA-4 exon 1 were observed between the GD patients and the control subjects, and a significant increase in the frequency of the G (alanine) allele was seen in the GD patients compared with the control subjects(84.6% vs 63.4%; RR=3.2; p<0.0001). A significant difference in the distributions of the AA, AG, and GG genotypes of the CTLA-4 exon 1 was observed between the GD patients with and without exophthalmos. A significant increase in the frequency of the G allele was seen in the GD patients with exophthalmos compared to those without(94.0% vs 75.9%; RR=7.0; p<0.05). (3) No significant difference in the distributions of the 1/1, 1/2 and 2/2 genotypes, and the 1 and 2 alleles of TNF-beta was observed between the GD patients and the control subjects. No significant difference in the distributions of the 1/1, 1/2, and 2/2 genotypes and the 1 and 2 alleles of TNF-beta were observed between the GD patients with or without exophthalmos but a significant increase in the frequency of the 2/2 allele was seen in the GD patients having TSHRAb > or =45% compared with GD patients having TSHRAb <45%(37.5% vs 3.6%; RR=14.8; p<0.01). CONCLUSION: These data suggest that HLA-A2, B46, Cw*0102, DRB1*08 and DPB1*0202 are markers for disease susceptibility, and that HLA-A24, DQA1*01 and DQB1*05 are markers for disease protection, in Korean children with GD. This study showed that the CTLA-4 gene polymorphism was an additional marker of susceptibility in the GD patients, and was associated with exophthalmos, and that the TNF-beta gene polymorphism was associated with the TSHRAb activity.
Key Words: Graves' disease, HLA, CTLA-4, TNF-beta


Editorial Office
101-2503, Lotte Castle President, 109 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04146, Korea​
Tel: +82-2-716-2428    Fax: +82-2-714-5103    E-mail: journal@endocrinology.or.kr                

Copyright © 2021 by Korean Endocrine Society. All rights reserved.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next