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HOME > Endocrinol Metab > Volume 27(1); 2012 > Article
Case Report Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Manifesting as an Autonomously Functioning Thyroid Nodule.
Ji Hyun Kim, Gyeong Jae Na, Ki Won Kim, Hee Ja Ko, Sung Wan Jeon, Yeo Joo Kim, Sang Jin Kim, Hyeun Duk Jo, Chang Jin Kim
Endocrinology and Metabolism 2012;27(1):59-62
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2012.27.1.59
Published online: March 1, 2012
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1Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea. yeojoo@schmc.ac.kr
2Department of Pathology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.

Hyperfunctioning thyroid carcinoma is very rare. Hence, radionuclide imaging of thyroid hot nodules usually suggests a benign tumor, and less than 4% of cases have been reported as malignant. We would like to present a case of a hyperfunctioning papillary thyroid carcinoma that was initially treated with radioactive iodine. A 58-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for palpable thyroid nodule and a 5-kg weight loss within 6 months. Thyroid function test revealed thyrotoxicosis, and thyroid autoantibodies were absent. 99mTc thyroid scintigraphy showed a 2 x 2 cm-sized hyperactive hot nodule at the left lobe. Despite radioactive iodine treatment with a dose of 10 mCi 131I, thyroid function did not improve. Fine needle aspiration revealed papillary thyroid cancer. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy. Although clinical features and thyroid scans suggest a benign nodule, the possibility of malignancy should not be ruled out. Malignant thyroid hot nodules are rare; however, its possibility should be taken into account. Therefore, we suggest that ruling out malignancy by existing diagnostic guidelines can misdiagnose even a typical case with benign features. As thyroid nodule detection is getting sensitive and accurate, we present this case to discuss whether additional diagnostic approaches would be necessary for thyroid nodules.

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