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Original Article Role of Protein kinase C in Desensitization of Somatostatin-induced Calcium Signalling in NG108-15 Cells.
Kyoung Mi Kim, Jong Ho Sung, Myung Jun Kim, Duck Joo Rhie, Yang Hyeok Jo, Sang June Hahn, Myung Suk Kim, Shin Hee Yoon, Bu Seung Kim
Endocrinology and Metabolism 2005;20(4):353-361
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2005.20.4.353
Published online: August 1, 2005
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Department of Internal Medicine and Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND
Activation of G-protein coupled-somatostatin receptors induces the release of calcium from inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate-sensitive intracelluar stores. G-protein-coupled receptor signaling decreases with prolonged exposure to an agonist. SEBJECTS and METHODS: Fura-2-based digital Ca2+ imaging was used to study the effects of prolonged exposure to an agonist on the somatostatin-induced intracellular Ca2+ concentration([Ca2+]i) increases in NG108-15 cells, which were differentiated with CO2-independent medium and 10micrometer forskolin. RESULTS: Exposure to somatostatin(1micrometer) for 30 min completely desensitized the NG108-15 cells to a second somatostatin-induced response. The cells recovered gradually over 20 min following washout of the somatostatin. The desensitization was not due to depletion of the intracellular Ca2+ stores, and pretreatment for 30 min with bradykinin(100nM), which activates phospholipase C, or DADLE(D-Ala2-D-Leu5 enkephalin, 1microM), which activates phospholipase C, failed to cross-desensitize the somatostatin-evoked [Ca2+]i increases. Treatment with 8-cpt-cAMP(0.1mM) for 30min did not influence the somatostatin-induced[Ca2+]i increases. Phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate(PdBu, 1microM) blocked the response completely. Down-regulation of PKC due to 24 h exposure of PdBu (1microM) inhibited the somatostatin-induced desensitization. CONCLUSION: Prolonged exposure of somatostatin to NG108-15 cells desensitized the somatostatin-induced release of Ca2+ from the intracelluar store, with protein kinase C also involved in the desensitization.

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