Endocrinol Metab > Volume 22(6); 2007 > Article
Journal of Korean Endocrine Society 2007;22(6):470-474.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.6.470    Published online December 1, 2007.
A Case of Primary Hyperparathyroidism Associated with Gall-bladder Stone and Chronic Cholecystitis.
Jin Hyung Lee, Pil Moon Jung, Chong Whan Kim, Myeong Sang Shin, Hong Jun Park, Soo Min Nam, Mi Young Lee, Jang Hyun Koh, Mee Yoen Cho, Jang Yel Shin, Choon Hee Chung, Young Goo Shin
1Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Korea.
Abstract
Primary hyperparathyroidism is caused mainly by a parathyroid adenoma or hyperplasia, and is characterized by hypercalcemia and hypophosphatemia induced by an increased level of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism are usually asymptomatic and the disease is most often detected incidentally. However, patients can present with symptoms of renal stones, peptic ulcer disease, muscle weakness, depression, constipation, and pancreatitis. In addition, it has been reported that choletithiasis can be combined with primary hyperparathyroidism. We report a case of a 49-year-old man with primary hyperparathyroidism accompanied with chronic cholecystitis caused by a gallbladder (GB) stone. The chief complaint was nausea, poor oral intake, abdominal pain, and weight loss. Abdominal sonography was performed and chronic cholecystitis with a GB stone was diagnosed. The serum calcium level was 18.5 mg/dL and the intact parathyroid hormone level was 1,777 pg/mL. A parathyroid mass was detected by neck-computed tomography, neck ultrasonography and a (99m)Tc-Tetrofosmin parathyroid scan. The parathyroid mass was removed and the mass was confirmed as a parathyroid adenoma. Cholecystectomy was performed and the diagnosis of chronic cholecystitis was confirmed. After the surgical procedure, the symptoms improved and the calcium level was normalized.
Key Words: cholelithiasis, chronic cholecystitis, hypercalcemia, primary hyperparathyroidism


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