Journal of Korean Endocrine Society 1994;9(2):93-107.
Published online November 6, 2019.
The Responses of Pituitary Hormones to the Combined Pituitary Stimulation Test in Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism.
In Myung Yang, Jeong Taek Woo, Sung Woon Kim, Jin Woo Kim, Young Seol Kim, Young Kil Choi, Eun Kyung Park, Kyu Jeong Ahn
Abstract
To classify the causes of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in Korean patients, and to improve the endocrinologic evaluation for the disease, we retrospectively studied the clinical findings and result of combined pituitary stimulation test in 35 patients with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. The following results were obtained.1) The ratio of male to female was 1.3:1, and the 50% of male patients was under 20 years of age and the 20% of female patients in 30th decades. 2) The chief complaints of male patients on the admission were the failure of secondary sexual characteristics(95.0%) and loss of hair(5.0%), those of female patients were amenorrhea(46.7%), infertility(26.7%), failure of secondary characteristics(13.3%) and loss of hair(13.3%). 3) The causes of male hypogonadotropic hypogonadism were craniopharyngioma(35.0%), idiopathic(30.0%), Kallmann's syndrome(15.0%), pituitary adenoma(10.0%) and germinoma(5.0%), and those of female hypogonadotropic hypogonadism were prolactinoma(13.3%), Sheehan's syndrome(26.6%), pituitary adenoma(6.7%), tuberculous granuloma(6.7%), germinoma(6.7%), idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism(40.0%).4) The responses of LH and FSH to GnRH test were absent or markedly blunted in diffuse pituitary diseases such as pituitary tuberculous granuloma, pituitary macroadenomas, Sheehan's syndrome. However those were also absent or blunted in Cushing's disease and hypothalamic disease such as Kallmann's syndrome, germinoma, craniopharyngioma, idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 5) The responses of LH, FSH increased after repeated injection of GnRH in a patient with germinoma. 6) In diffuse destructive pituitary diseases such as Sheehan's syndrome, nonfunctioning macroadenomas, tuberculous granuloma, large prolactinoma, the combined deficiency of pituitary hormones other than gonadotropins was observed. 7) In many cases with hypothalamic diseases, the combined defects of pituitary hormone response were also seen.These data suggest that GnRH test is not always useful to localize the lesion between pituitary and hypothalamus, and combined pituitary stimulation test revealed defects of pituitary hormones other than gonadotropin in various hypothalamic diseases.Therefore repeated GnRH test would be useful for the differential diagnosis, and CRH test and GRH test would be necessary to demonstrate whether pituitary abnormality is present.
Key Words: Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism combined triple stimulation Test


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