Journal of Korean Endocrine Society 1994;10(2):153-160.
Published online November 6, 2019.
A Case of Thyrotropin - Secreting Pituitary Adenoma.
Seong Yeon Kim, Bo Youn Cho, Hong Kyu Lee, Chang Soon Koh, Woon Bae Kim, Hye Young Park, Jin Sung Kim
Abstract
thyrotropin-secreting(TSH) pituitary adenoma is extremely rare condition causing hyperthyroidism by uncontrolled secretion of thyrotropin. Among total pituitary adenomas, less than 1 percent are thyrotropin-secreting type, and only about 150 cases have been reported till now. However, increasing numbers of cases are being found due to the availability of ultra-sensitive TSH assay. We report here a patient with thyrotropin-secreting pituitay adenoma secreting TSH with production of lutenizing hormone(LH), follicle stimulating hormone(FSH), growth hormone(GH), prolactin(PRL) and free alpha-subunit.A 21-years old man visited thyroid clinic because of palpitation and dyspnea on exertion. He had diffuse goiter and features of mild thyrotoxicosis, and his thyroid function test showed increased T3, T4 and normal TSH. Serum free alpha-subunit concentration was 7420.5pg/ml(24.7mIU/ml) and the molar ratio of free alpha-subunit to TSH was 15.9. Basal pituitary hormone levels except TSH and the response to combined pituitary stimulation test were normal. A large sellar mass extending into frontal lobe was found on sellar MRI, so it was removed surgically leaving residual tumor mass due to the extensive nature of tumor. In immunohistochemical study the tumor tissue was stained with antibodies to TSH, LH, FSH, GH and PRL. His hyperthyroidism and goiter disappeared after partial removal of tumor. Somatostatin analogue(octreotide acetate) were given continuously via subcutaneous route(150 ug/day) using infusion pump to reduce the size of residual tumor. After 4 months of octreotide infusion, the size of tumor decreased slightly, and he is under treatment without any side effect.
Key Words: Thyrotropin, Pituitary adenoma


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