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12 "fine needle aspiration"
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Original Articles
A Clinical Analysis of 2,500 Cases of Thyroid Nodules in the Korean People.
Chong Suk Lee
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1996;11(4):418-430.   Published online November 7, 2019
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  • 21 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Thyroid nodules are one of the most clinical problems encounted by physieian. Palpation, radianuclide imaging, and sonography do not deterrnine whether a thyroid nodule is benign and malignant. So, the purpose of this study is to investigate how many thyroid cancer consist in thyroid nodule by using the fine needle aspiration(FNA) technique. Methods: With a disposable #23 gauge needle attached to 5rnl disposable plastic syringe was inserted at the thyroid nodules of the patients after rectinilinear thyroid scanning or ultrasono- graphy. All cells aspirated from the thyroid nodules were smeared on the 3 slide glasses and then, 2 slide glasses were immersed in 95% ethanol for Papanicolaou staining and one slide was air dried m room temperature for Giemsa staining. After complete staining the cytologic diagnosis of all slide glasses were reviewed by general light mi~eroscope. Results: Approximately, three-quarters(73.0%) of thyroid nodules aspirated by FNA were diagnosed as benign or inflammatory nodules, rnalignant neoplasia including follicular neoplasia 12.5%, and indeterminate cases 14.5% of thyroid nodules. Conclusion: Fine needle aspiration(FNA) has become the diagnostic procedure of choiee in the evaluation of the nodular thyroid disease because of its easiness, safety, cost effectiveness, and high diagnostic accuracy. Malignant neopleasia including follicular neopleasia were found 12.5% of thyroid nodules in Korean, aspirated by FNA which was same category in prevalence rate compared to known abroad results(8~20%).
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Parathyroid Cysts.
Sung Kil Lim, Jin Sub Choi, Cheong Soo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1994;9(2):128-135.   Published online November 6, 2019
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  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The parathyroid cyst is a relatively uncommon disease and usually identified during the operation for a presumed thyroid mass. Thirteen cases of parathyroid cyst (2 males, 11 females) treated from 1981 to 1993 were reviewed. Ages ranged from 17 to 59 years(mean, 41 years). Gross measurement of the tumor size varied from 1.0 to 10.0 cm in diameter with a mean of 4.8cm. All of the 13 patients presented with a chief complaint of painless anterior cervical mass. Only one complained of mild symptom of dyspnea and voice change due to huge cyst in paratracheal space. No functional cyst was identified. Diagnostic studies included ^99mTc thyroid scan (n=11), ultrasonography (n=10), computerized tomography (n=4) and fine needle aspiration(FNA) (preoperative, n=4; intraoperative, n=3). All diagnostic precedures but needle aspiration were nonspecific. Cysts were found in right inferior parathyroid(n=4), left inferior parathyroid (n=7), or anterior superior mediastinum (n=2). The FNA of the cyst contents revealed watery clear fluid with elevated parathyroid hormone level and was diagnostic in each cases. Four patients were treated initially with needle aspiration, of which only one patient was successful, and 3 patients who were unsuccessful to needle aspiration and the remaining 9 were effectively treated with surgical extirpation. Our experience suggested that needle aspiration may be of significant help in diagnosis and treatment of parathyroid cyst, but most of the patient could be treated successfully by surgical extirpation with an excellent chance for curability.
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Case Report
A Case of Ectopic Thyroid Tissue Diagnosed by Fine Needle Aspiration in the Lateral Neck.
Kyung Nam Lee, Sang Mi Kim, Jin Hee Choi, Kwang Duck Ryu, Bo Won Kim, Min Ji Shin, Bo Hyun Kim, In Ju Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2012;27(3):217-221.   Published online September 19, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2012.27.3.217
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  • 22 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Ectopic thyroid glands generally occur in the midline as a result of abnormal median migration and their presence in lateral to the midline is rare. Embryologically, the thyroid gland is derived from two anlages: a large median endodermal anlage and two lateral anlages. The median anlage produces most of the thyroid parenchyma, whereas the lateral anlage is derived from the fourth pharyngeal pouch and contributes 1-30% of the thyroid weight. In rare cases, failure of the lateral anlage to fuse with the median anlage can result in lateral ectopic thyroid gland. For many years, lateral, aberrant thyroid tissue in adults was a term used almost exclusively for metastatic thyroid carcinoma. However, aberrant, benign ectopic thyroid tissue rarely occurs. We present a 47-year-old man who had incidentally detected mass on the right lateral neck. He was clinically in a euthyroid status and the thyroid function test results were normal as well. Neck ultrasonography revealed a mild diffuse goiter and a 1.22 x 0.65 cm sized ovoid mass like lesion was located in the right level IV of the neck. The result of fine needle aspiration cytology was adenomatous goiter without lymphoid tissue or any malignancy. We rarely report aberrant, benign ectopic thyroid presence as a lateral neck mass.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Ectopic Thyroid Mimicking Lymph Node Metastasis of Thyroid Cancer
    Min Young Cho, Dong Young Kim
    Korean Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.2023; 66(6): 417.     CrossRef
  • A Case of Lateral Ectopic Thyroid Mimicking the Metastatic Lymphadenopathy
    Seung Ho Kim, Jung Heob Sohn, Jung Yeon Kim
    Korean Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.2019; 62(10): 588.     CrossRef
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Original Article
Prevalence of Thyroid Nodules Detected by Ultrasonography in Adults for Health Check-Ups and Analysis of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology.
Won Jun Kim, Joo Hyong Kim, Dong Won Park, Chang Beom Lee, Yong Soo Park, Dong Sum Kim, Woong Hwan Choi, Tae Wha Kim, You Hern Ahn
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2008;23(6):413-419.   Published online December 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2008.23.6.413
  • 2,644 View
  • 25 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of thyroid nodules in healthy adults without a history of thyroid disease and the results of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 4,832 adults (2,427 women, 2,405 men) over the age of 20 who had visited our health care center from January, 2005, to March, 2008. Subjects with previous thyroid disease were excluded. All were screened by thyroid ultrasonography and FNAC was performed on large or potentially malignant nodules. RESULTS: Thyroid nodules were present in 686 women (28.3%) and 396 men (16.5%), with a female predominance (odds ratio = 1.47, 95% CI = 1.35~1.60). The prevalence of a thyroid nodule was significantly correlated with age in both women and men (P < 0.001). Multinodularity also increased according to age in both groups. Ninety patients were tested with conventional FNAC and 195 underwent ultrasonography-guided FNAC. The rate of inadequate cytology by ultrasonographic guidance was lower than by freehand methods, and the total rate of malignant cytology per patient was 17.9%. Ultrasonographic characteristics that significantly correlated with histologically-confirmed papillary carcinoma included a solid component, hypoechogenecity, irregular margin, and the presence of microcalcification or macrocalcification. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of thyroid nodules detected by ultrasonography was 28.3% in healthy women and 16.5% in healthy men population. The prevalence and multinodularity was significantly correlated with age in both groups. It's useful to examine thyroid by ultrasonography because of detecting more nodules, providing guidance of FNAC, achieving more adequate sampling and not missing small malignant nodules.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Prevalence of Thyroid Nodules and the Morphological Analysis of Malignant Nodules on Ultrasonography
    An Hyun, Ji Tae-jeong, Lee Hyo-young, Im In-chul
    Journal of Radiological Science and Technology.2019; 42(3): 201.     CrossRef
  • Ultrasonographic Characteristics of the Hyperfunctioning Thyroid Nodule and Predictive Factors for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Suppression
    Won Sang Yoo, Hoon Sung Choi
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2019; 12(1): 35.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Annual Incidence of Thyroid Disease in Korea from 2006 to 2015: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study
    Hyemi Kwon, Jin-hyung Jung, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Jung-Hwan Cho, Da Young Lee, Ji Min Han, Se Eun Park, Eun-Jung Rhee, Won-Young Lee
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2018; 33(2): 260.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of thyroid nodules and their associated clinical parameters: a large-scale, multicenter-based health checkup study
    Jae Hoon Moon, Min Kyung Hyun, Ja Youn Lee, Jung Im Shim, Tae Hyuk Kim, Hoon Sung Choi, Hwa Young Ahn, Kyung Won Kim, Do Joon Park, Young Joo Park, Ka Hee Yi
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2018; 33(4): 753.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Fine Needle Aspiration Results of Thyroid Nodules in Ultrasonography
    Jong-Gil Kwak, Jae-Bok Han, Jong-Nam Song, Il-Bong Moon, Nam-Gil Choi
    The Journal of the Korea Contents Association.2016; 16(5): 290.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Characteristics and Incidence of Thyroid Nodule in the Male Population for Health Check-up
    Yeon Jin Jeon, Young Teag Koh, Seung Jong Oh, Min Young Koo
    Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery.2015; 15(4): 93.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Characteristics and Incidence of Thyroid Nodule in the Male Population for Health Check-up
    Yeon Jin Jeon, Young Teag Koh, Seung Jong Oh, Min Young Koo
    Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery.2015; 15(4): 93.     CrossRef
  • Management of Thyroid Nodules and Cancers Arising in the Elderly
    Eunyoung Kim, June Young Choi, Kyu Eun Lee
    Journal of Korean Thyroid Association.2012; 5(2): 99.     CrossRef
  • Screening of Thyroid Cancer and Management of Thyroid Incidentaloma
    Jung Jin Cho
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2010; 31(2): 87.     CrossRef
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Case Reports
A Case of Hyalinizing Trabecular Tumor of the Thyroid Gland Misdiagnosed as Medullary Carcinoma at Cytologic Examination.
Jae Joon Han, Yun Jung Lee, Moon Chan Choi, Mikwang Kwon, Suk Chon, Juhie Lee
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2008;23(5):327-331.   Published online October 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2008.23.5.327
  • 1,527 View
  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A hyalinizing trabecular tumor (HTT) is a rare benign thyroid tumor that can present as a solitary thyroid nodule, a prominent nodule in a multinodular goiter, or as an incidental finding within a thyroidectomy specimen. The clinical importance of this entity is that it is frequently misdiagnosed as papillary carcinoma or medullary carcinoma on fine-needle aspiration cytology or histopathologic examination. The cytology of HTT is characterized by hypercellularity, nuclear grooves, nuclear pseudoinclusions, and powdery chromatin of the tumor cells, which is frequently seen in papillary carcinomas. The histologic findings of the tumor show polygonal and spindle cells arranged in a trabecular growth pattern with the presence of a variable hyalinized stroma. Calcitonin and other neuroendocrine markers can be used to differentiate HTT from medullary carcinoma. MIB-1, galectin-3, or other cytokeratin markers help to exclude papillary carcinoma. We report a patient with a thyroid tumor misdiagnosed as a medullary carcinoma on fine-needle aspiration and finally diagnosed as HTT after total thyroidectomy and immunohistochemical examination.
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A Case of Diffuse Hemorrhage into the Thyroid Gland after Fine Needle Aspiration, and This was Treated by Arterial Embolization.
Eui Young Kim, Jung Min Kim, Eun Hee Kim, Ji Yun Jeong, Sang Ah Lee, Ji Young Choi, Ji Hye Yim, Pil Hyung Lee, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Bae Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2008;23(3):199-203.   Published online June 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2008.23.3.199
  • 2,096 View
  • 29 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Although hematoma formation after fine needle aspiration cytology fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a most common complication and most of these hematomas are self-limiting with minimal pain, a massive intra-thyroidal hemorrhage that produces acute airway obstruction had rarely been reported on.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Characteristics Evaluation of Hobun Pigments according to Shell Types and Calcination
    Ju Hyun Park, Sun Myung Lee, Myoung Nam Kim, Jin Young Hong
    Economic and Environmental Geology.2023; 56(6): 899.     CrossRef
  • Endovascular treatment of massive hemorrhage arising from inferior thyroid artery after fine needle aspiration of thyroid: a case report
    Ho Sig Jang, Yook Kim
    BMC Surgery.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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A Case of Tracheal Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Presenting with Diffuse Goiter.
Ho Cheol Kang, Seong Kyun Kim, Se Hoon Kang, Kyung Min Kim, Se In Hong, Dong Jin Chung, Min Young Chung, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim, Jae Hyuk Lee
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2005;20(3):273-277.   Published online June 1, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2005.20.3.273
  • 1,778 View
  • 21 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A goiter is among the most common presenting symptoms of patients with thyroid diseases and is usually caused by intrinsic thyroid problems. While direct invasion of the trachea by aggressive thyroid tumors is a well-known phenomenon, the reverse situation, that is, a primary tracheal neoplasm invading by direct extension into the thyroid gland, presenting with a goiter is very rare. Here, a case of a tracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma(ACC), presenting with a diffuse goiter, is reported. A 47-year-old woman presented with slowly growing anterior neck swelling. A physical examination showed a diffuse firm goiter. The patient was euthyroiditic, and serum negative for thyroid autoantibodies. Thyroid ultrasonography and neck CT revealed a doughnut-shaped mass, encircling the trachea and displacing the thyroid anteriorly. Ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration(FNA) was compatible with an ACC, and a subsequent surgical resection confirmed the diagnosis. Although the occurrence of a tracheal ACC invading the thyroid is rare, this case highlights the need to be aware of unusual lesions arising in the region of the thyroid. This knowledge will help in making the correct cytological diagnosis when these lesions are sampled by FNA
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Original Articles
The Adequacy of Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration in Thyroid Nodules.
Hyo Jin Lee, So Young Rha, Ki Hyun Kwon, Jun Chul Lee, Koon Soon Kim, Young Suk Jo, Bon Jeong Ku, Minho Shong, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2005;20(2):154-159.   Published online April 1, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2005.20.2.154
  • 1,853 View
  • 18 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Fine needle aspiration(FNA) is an accurate and safe method for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. One of the limitations of FNA is the variable rate of unsatisfactory specimens, especially in small sized, deep seated or complex cystic nodules. To overcome this problem, ultrasound-guided FNA(US-FNA) has been widely used. In this study, the adequacy of cytologic specimens by US-FNA was compared with that of conventional palpation-guided FNA(P-FNA). METHODS: The medical records of all patients who were engaged in FNA due to thyroid nodules at Chungnam National University Hospital from January 2003 to July 2004 were retrospectively examined. The US-FNA and P-FNA were performed in 114 and 185 patients, respectively. RESULTS: Comparison of the adequacy of the two techniques in providing sufficient material for the cytologic diagnosis showed that specimens in 24(13.0%) and 6(5.3%) patients collected by P-FNA and US-FNA, respectively, were unsatisfactory(P=0.031). A total of 23 patients underwent thyroid surgery due to strong suspicion of malignancy at cytologic finding and/or on clinical judgement. Seventeen patients belonged to the P-FNA group and 6 patients to the US-FNA group. In the P-FNA group, a histologic diagnosis revealed two false-negative cytologic findings, but no false-negative findings were found in the US-FNA group. CONCLUSION: Compared with P-FNA, US-FNA may reduce the possibility of unsatisfactory cytologic specimens and the rate of false-negative diagnosis, and may improve the diagnostic accuracy in investigating thyroid nodules

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prevalence of Thyroid Nodules Detected by Ultrasonography in Adults for Health Check-up and Analysis of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology
    Jae Hoon Chung
    Journal of Korean Endocrine Society.2008; 23(6): 391.     CrossRef
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Usefulness of Thallium-201 Scintigraphy for Differentiating Benign and Malignant Thyroid Nodules in Inconclusive Cases with Fine Needle Aspiration.
Young Sil Lee, Chang Won Lee, Mi Hwa Jang, Ju Won Seok, Seok Man Son, Seok Dong Yoo, In Joo Kim, Yong Ki Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2001;16(4-5):447-456.   Published online October 1, 2001
  • 1,038 View
  • 21 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Although fine needle aspiration(FNA) is recognized as the most accurate procedure in the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules, about 20~30% of nodules remain inconclusive in FNA. Therefore, we assessed the usefulness of Thallium-201 scintigraphy in differentiating benign from malignant thyroid nodules in patients with inconclusive diagnosis by FNA. METHODS: We studied 43 patients with inconclusive diagnosis(29 of follicular neoplasm, 11 of cystic change and 3 of inadequate) by FNA, with the results being confirmed histopathologically by operation. Thallium-201 scintigraphy was performed at 15 minutes(early scan) and 2-3 hours(late scan) after the intravenous administration of 37 MBq of thallium-201. Malignant nodules were defined by the retention of Thallium-201 on delayed images. RESULTS: In the 43 patients with inconclusive FNA diagnosis, Thallium-201 scan had a sensitivity of 75.0%, specificity of 62.9% and accuracy of 65.1%. The positive and negative predictive values were 31.6% and 91.7%, respectively. In the 29 patients with follicular neoplasm by FNA, Thallium-201 scan had a sensitivity of 83.3%, specificity of 60.9% and accuracy of 65.5%. The positive and negative predictive values were 35.7% and 93.3%, respectively. CONCLUSION: In particular, Thallium-201 scintigraphy demonstrated a high negative predictive value, Therefore, for patients with inconclusive FNA findings, Thallium-201 scintigraphy might be useful in differentiating between benign and malignant thyroid nodules, and has the potential to reduce the rate of unnecessary operations in benign nodules.
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Clinical Features Associated with an Increased Risk of Malignancy in Indeterminate Group by Find Needle Aspiration of Thyroid Nodules.
Seon Hwa Lee, Sun Wook Kim, Do Joon Park, Won Bae Kim, Seong Yeon Kim, Bo Youn Cho, Hong Kyu Lee, Chang Soon Koh
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1999;14(3):505-513.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The recommended management of patients who have cytologic diagnosis of indeterminate group by fine fine needle aspiration (FNA) in thyroid nodules is controversial. Our objective was to identify the incidence of malignancy through thyroidectomy in indeterminate group and clinical features associated with an increased risk of malignancy that might guide future practice. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 222 patients who had cytologic diagnosis of indeterminate group by FNA in thyroid nodules at Seoul National University Hospital from Jan. 1990 to Aug. 1998. Patients characteristics and clinical features were compared between benign and malignant nodules classified as pathologic findings through thyroidectomy. RESULTS: The frequency of indeterminate group was 6% (222/3981) among patients underwent thyroid FNA. The frequency of malignant nodules was 47.4% (64/135) among 135 patients underwent thyroidectomy. Among clinical features, rapid increase in size (7.0% vs 20.3%, p=0.024), local symptoms such as dysphagia, hoarseness, pain (1.4% vs 15.6%, p=0.003), fixation (4.4% vs 35.7%, p<0.001), hard consistency(15.7% vs 59.7%, p<0.001) and irregular surface(6.3% vs 25.6%, p=0.001) were significantly more common in malignant nodules than in benign nodules. However, clinical features such as mean age of patients, male sex, presence of past history of benign thyroid disease, family history of benign thyroid disease, solitary nodule, presence of cervical lymph nodes, mean size of nodules and cold nodules by thyroid scan in malignant nodules were not significantly different from that in benign nodules. Among clinical features that were significantly more common in malignant nodules, fixation(p=0.042) and presence of local symptoms (p=0.043) were significantly independent risk factors predictive of malignancy. CONCLUSION: Its better to recommend thyroidectomy in patients with clinical features such as presence of local symptoms, fixed nodule and hard nodule in indeterminate group, in otherwise to decide treatment with repeated FNAs when clinical features such as patients symptoms and physical examinations of nodule change through regular follow-up.
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The Diahnostic Value of Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Thyroid Indedentaloma.
Young Sik Choi, Kibum Kwon, Seong Man Kim, Yo Han Park, Kyung Seung Oh, Ji young Seo, Bong Kwon Chun, Hee Kyung Chang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1999;14(1):71-80.   Published online January 1, 2001
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  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The introductian of highly sensitive imaging techniques has made it possible to detect many nonpalpable nodules, or incidentaloma. Because these nodules are small sized or deep seated, the diagnostic approach is difficult with conventional methods but it is easy with ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA). However, the role of ultrasound-guided FNA on the incidentalomas has been poorly evaluated, so we tried to assess the diagnostic value of high resolution ultrasound-guided FNA in the incidentalomas. METHODS: One hundred forty-nine patients who underwent high resolution ultrasound-guide FNA for nonpalpable nodules that was smaller than 1.5 cm in diameter at Kosin Medical Center from June, 1996 to April, 1998 were included in the study. Ultrasound-guided FNA was performed with a 22-guage needle attached to 10 mL syringe with 10 MHz linear transducer in a free hand fashion. The aspirated materials were smeared and stained with Papanicolaou stain. For those who underwent surgery histopathologic diagnoses were compared to cytological diagnoses. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 45 and most of them were middle aged. Male to female ratio was 1:11.4. Of 149 patients 16 were involutional change, 55 hyperplasia, 42 Hashimotos thyroiditis, 8 follicular neoplasm, 19 papillary carcinoma, 1 subacute thyroiditis, and 6 inadequate specimen. Of the 149 nodules, 123 cases were solid, 11 cystic, and 15 mixed. Malignant nodules were more frequent in the solid nodule, but there was no significant difference between each group. Ten of 93 cases (10.7%) measured less than 1 cm and nine of 56 cases (16.1%) between 1.0 cm to 1,5 cm were malignant nodules. The difference of incidence rate of malignant nodules between each group was not significant. The incidence of malignancy was 13.6% (12/88) in solitary nodule and 11.5% (7/61) in multiple nodules. The difference of incidence rate of malignant nodules between each group was not significant. Eighteen cases including 14 malignancies diagnosed by FNA underwent operation. Of those 13 were papillary carcinoma and 5 adenomatous goiter. Upon the correlation of ultrasound-guided FNA cytology with pathologic diagnosis, the sensitivity of ultrasound-guided FNA cytology in differentiating benign and malignant nodule was 92.3% and overall diagnostic accuracy was 80.0%. The obtainability of adequate cytologic specimen by ultrasound-guided FNA was 95.9%. No complication except pain was noted during this study. CONCLUSION: High resolution ultrasound-guided FNA cytology may be useful for the diagnosis of thyroid cancer in the thyroid incidentalomas and also useful for early detection of recurrence of thyroid cancer .
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Adrenal Myelolipoma Confirmed by Fine Aspiration Biopsy.
Young Sik Jung, Jun Ho Whang, Jeon Ho Yang, Hyeon Soo Shin, Ih Geun Kim, Ki Sung Ahn, Sung Gug Chang, Sang Chae Lee, Jung Dong Bae, Ho Sang Shon, Mi Ok Park, Jae Bok Park, Yeong Hwan Lee
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1997;12(1):105-110.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Adrenal myelolipomas are rare, benign tumors cornposed of mature fat and bone marrow elements. Most are small, asymptomatic tumors found incidentally at postmortem examination, Fine needle aspiration biopsy can be used to confirm the diagnosis and avoid an unnecessary operation. We report a case of adrenal myelolipoma confirmed by fine needle aspiration biopsy. A 77-year-old woman with complaining of upper abdominal pain for 2 days was found to have an adrenal mass. She took dexamethasone frequently for 3 years due to multiple arthralgia. Ultrasono-graphy showed a 6cm-sized, suprarenal mass and a stone in the gall bladder with thickened wall. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scan also presented a suprarenal mass. Endocrinologic results were within normal limits. Adrenal myelolipoma was confirmed by computed tomography-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy without surgery.
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