Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism

clarivate
OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Most view

Page Path
HOME > BROWSE ARTICLES > Most view
244 Most view
Filter
Filter
Article type
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Funded articles

Most-read articles are from the articles published in 2022 during the last three month.

Review Articles
Thyroid
Update from the 2022 World Health Organization Classification of Thyroid Tumors: A Standardized Diagnostic Approach
Chan Kwon Jung, Andrey Bychkov, Kennichi Kakudo
Endocrinol Metab. 2022;37(5):703-718.   Published online October 4, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2022.1553
  • 20,517 View
  • 2,437 Download
  • 68 Web of Science
  • 82 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
The fifth edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) histologic classification of thyroid neoplasms released in 2022 includes newly recognized tumor types, subtypes, and a grading system. Follicular cell-derived neoplasms are categorized into three families (classes): benign tumors, low-risk neoplasms, and malignant neoplasms. The terms “follicular nodular disease” and “differentiated high-grade thyroid carcinoma” are introduced to account for multifocal hyperplastic/neoplastic lesions and differentiated thyroid carcinomas with high-grade features, respectively. The term “Hürthle cells” is replaced with “oncocytic cells.” Invasive encapsulated follicular and cribriform morular variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) are now redefined as distinct tumor types, given their different genetic alterations and clinicopathologic characteristics from other PTC subtypes. The term “variant” to describe a subclass of tumor has been replaced with the term “subtype.” Instead, the term “variant” is reserved to describe genetic alterations. A histologic grading system based on the mitotic count, necrosis, and/or the Ki67 index is used to identify high-grade follicular-cell derived carcinomas and medullary thyroid carcinomas. The 2022 WHO classification introduces the following new categories: “salivary gland-type carcinomas of the thyroid” and “thyroid tumors of uncertain histogenesis.” This review summarizes the major changes in the 2022 WHO classification and their clinical relevance.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Tumeurs de la thyroïde : nouveautés de la classification OMS 2022
    Serge Guyétant, Myriam Decaussin Petrucci, Emmanuelle Leteurtre
    Annales de Pathologie.2024; 44(1): 5.     CrossRef
  • Canine follicular cell and medullary thyroid carcinomas: Immunohistochemical characterization
    Jana Jankovic, Eve Tièche, Martina Dettwiler, Kerstin Hahn, Stephanie Scheemaeker, Martin Kessler, Sylvie Daminet, Sven Rottenberg, Miguel Campos
    Veterinary Pathology.2024; 61(4): 524.     CrossRef
  • Clinicopathological features of differentiated thyroid carcinoma as predictors of the effects of radioactive iodine therapy
    Wen Liu, Beibei Jiang, Jingli Xue, Ruijing Liu, Yuqing Wei, Peifeng Li
    Annals of Diagnostic Pathology.2024; 69: 152243.     CrossRef
  • Management of aggressive variants of papillary thyroid cancer
    Ying Ki Lee, Aleix Rovira, Paul V. Carroll, Ricard Simo
    Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head & Neck Surgery.2024; 32(2): 125.     CrossRef
  • Artificial Intelligence Detected the Relationship Between Nuclear Morphological Features and Molecular Abnormalities of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
    Toui Nishikawa, Ibu Matsuzaki, Ayata Takahashi, Iwamoto Ryuta, Fidele Yambayamba Musangile, Kanako Sagan, Mizuki Nishikawa, Yurina Mikasa, Yuichi Takahashi, Fumiyoshi Kojima, Shin-ichi Murata
    Endocrine Pathology.2024; 35(1): 40.     CrossRef
  • Review of the 2023 World Congress on Thyroid Cancer (WCTC 2023, London): is there light at the end of the tunnel for patients with neglected cancer?
    S.M. Cherenko
    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY (Ukraine).2024; 19(8): 609.     CrossRef
  • Molecular Alterations and Comprehensive Clinical Management of Oncocytic Thyroid Carcinoma
    Lindsay A. Bischoff, Ian Ganly, Laura Fugazzola, Erin Buczek, William C. Faquin, Bryan R. Haugen, Bryan McIver, Caitlin P. McMullen, Kate Newbold, Daniel J. Rocke, Marika D. Russell, Mabel Ryder, Peter M. Sadow, Eric Sherman, Maisie Shindo, David C. Shonk
    JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery.2024; 150(3): 265.     CrossRef
  • Malignancy in a Solitary Thyroid Nodule: A Retrospective Histopathological Evaluation
    Hassan Alzahrani
    International Journal of General Medicine.2024; Volume 17: 135.     CrossRef
  • Pathologie thyroïdienne. Actualités et problèmes pratiques. Introduction
    Serge Guyétant
    Annales de Pathologie.2024; 44(2): 90.     CrossRef
  • Diagnostic implication of thyroid spherules for cytological diagnosis of thyroid nodules
    Heeseung Sohn, Kennichi Kakudo, Chan Kwon Jung
    Cytopathology.2024; 35(3): 383.     CrossRef
  • Aggressive Primary Thyroid Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma with Extensive Pulmonary Involvement
    Marius Mitrache, Dana Terzea, Anca Sirbu, Simona Fica
    Biomedicines.2024; 12(2): 285.     CrossRef
  • Unravelling the role of long non-coding RNAs in modulating the Hedgehog Pathway in cancer
    Shailendra Singh Chandel, Anurag Mishra, Gaurav Dubey, Ravindra Pal Singh, Mithilesh Singh, Mohit Agarwal, Himmat Singh Chawra, Neelima Kukreti
    Pathology - Research and Practice.2024; : 155156.     CrossRef
  • Hürthle cell (Oncocytic) carcinoma – Is hemithyroidectomy enough?
    Taylor O. Julsrud, Trenton R. Foster, Robert A. Vierkant, Melanie L. Lyden, Travis J. McKenzie, Mabel Ryder, Benzon M. Dy
    Surgical Oncology Insight.2024; 1(1): 100010.     CrossRef
  • Échographie des carcinomes thyroïdiens différenciés de souche folliculaire
    P.Y. Marcy, M. Tassart, J.G. Marchand, J. Sanglier, A. Bizeau, E. Ghanassia
    Journal d'imagerie diagnostique et interventionnelle.2024; 7(2): 54.     CrossRef
  • Differentiating BRAF V600E- and RAS-like alterations in encapsulated follicular patterned tumors through histologic features: a validation study
    Chankyung Kim, Shipra Agarwal, Andrey Bychkov, Jen-Fan Hang, Agnes Stephanie Harahap, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Kennichi Kakudo, Somboon Keelawat, Chih-Yi Liu, Zhiyan Liu, Truong Phan-Xuan Nguyen, Chanchal Rana, Huy Gia Vuong, Yun Zhu, Chan Kwon Jung
    Virchows Archiv.2024; 484(4): 645.     CrossRef
  • Cas no5. High-grade Tall cell papillary carcinoma
    Myriam Decaussin-Petrucci
    Annales de Pathologie.2024; 44(2): 114.     CrossRef
  • Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Thyroid Has a Molecular Genetic Profile Distinct From That of Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma
    Meihua Ye, Zhenying Guo, Jingjing Xu, Yanling Jin, Xianglei He, Minghua Ge
    American Journal of Surgical Pathology.2024; 48(8): 1024.     CrossRef
  • Current and future of immunotherapy for thyroid cancer based on bibliometrics and clinical trials
    Ke Wang, Ying Zhang, Yang Xing, Hong Wang, Minghua He, Rui Guo
    Discover Oncology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cas no6. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, epidermoid subtype
    Myriam Decaussin-Petrucci
    Annales de Pathologie.2024; 44(2): 120.     CrossRef
  • Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma With Lymphoepithelial Features and Lacking Association With Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV): A Rare Case
    Ahmed Bendari, Saroja Devi Geetha, Reham Al-Refai, Xuelin Zhong, Sunder Sham, Manju Harshan
    Cureus.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Clinical and morphological features and unsolved issues in diagnosis of aggressive forms of papillary thyroid carcinoma
    Denis V. Korotovsky, Sergey V. Sergiiko, Sergey A. Lukyanov
    Perm Medical Journal.2024; 41(1): 90.     CrossRef
  • Finding possible diagnostic markers for differentiating benign and malignant thyroid tumors on example investigate of rheological properties1
    I. Javakhishvili, T. Sanikidze, K. Mardaleishvili, N. Momtselidze, T. Urdulashvili, M. Mantskava, L. Prantl, F. Jung
    Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Unraveling the Significance of DGCR8 and miRNAs in Thyroid Carcinoma
    Lia Rodrigues, Arnaud Da Cruz Paula, Paula Soares, João Vinagre
    Cells.2024; 13(7): 561.     CrossRef
  • Management of Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Cancer and Differentiated High-Grade Thyroid Carcinoma
    Iram S. Alam, Kepal N. Patel
    Surgical Clinics of North America.2024; 104(4): 751.     CrossRef
  • What’s new in thyroid pathology 2024: updates from the new WHO classification and bethesda system
    Andrey Bychkov, Chan Kwon Jung
    Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine.2024; 58(2): 98.     CrossRef
  • Ultrasound–Histopathological Presentation of Thyroid and Ovary Lesions in Adolescent Patients with DICER1 Syndrome: Case Reports and Literature Overview
    Dominika Januś, Monika Kujdowicz, Konrad Kaleta, Kamil Możdżeń, Jan Radliński, Anna Taczanowska-Niemczuk, Aleksandra Kiszka-Wiłkojć, Marcin Maślanka, Wojciech Górecki, Jerzy B. Starzyk
    Children.2024; 11(4): 403.     CrossRef
  • Surgical treatment of solid variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma: Fifteen-year experience of a tertiary center
    Katarina Tausanović, Marina Stojanović, Milan Jovanović, Boban Stepanović, Jovan Ilić, Sara Ivaniš, Vladan Živaljević
    Medicinska istrazivanja.2024; 57(1): 121.     CrossRef
  • Critical appraisal of the WHO 2022 classification of thyroid cancer
    Mithraa Devi Sekar, Debasis Gochhait, Sadishkumar Kamalanathan
    Thyroid Research and Practice.2024; 20(1): 8.     CrossRef
  • Patterns in the Reporting of Aggressive Histologic Subtypes in Papillary Thyroid Cancer
    Yeon J. Lee, Caitlin E. Egan, Jacques A. Greenberg, Teagan Marshall, Abhinay Tumati, Brendan M. Finnerty, Toni Beninato, Rasa Zarnegar, Thomas J. Fahey, Minerva A. Romero Arenas
    Journal of Surgical Research.2024; 298: 325.     CrossRef
  • An individualized protein-based prognostic model to stratify pediatric patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma
    Zhihong Wang, He Wang, Yan Zhou, Lu Li, Mengge Lyu, Chunlong Wu, Tianen He, Lingling Tan, Yi Zhu, Tiannan Guo, Hongkun Wu, Hao Zhang, Yaoting Sun
    Nature Communications.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Clinical and Paraclinical Considerations Regarding ki67’s Role in the Management of Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma—A Literature Review
    Claudiu Peștean, Alexandru Pavel, Doina Piciu
    Medicina.2024; 60(5): 769.     CrossRef
  • Can the analysis of chromatin texture and nuclear fractal dimensions serve as effective means to distinguish non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features from other malignancies with follicular pattern in the thyroid?: a s
    Geet Bhuyan, Anjumoni Rabha
    Ultrastructural Pathology.2024; 48(4): 310.     CrossRef
  • A Comprehensive Review and Insights into the New Entity of Differentiated High-Grade Thyroid Carcinoma
    Agnes Stephanie Harahap, Regina Stefani Roren, Shofiyya Imtiyaz
    Current Oncology.2024; 31(6): 3311.     CrossRef
  • Predictive Factors of Radioactive Iodine Therapy Refractoriness in Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma
    Majdouline Bel Lakhdar, Ayat Mouaden, Mourad Zekri, Dounia Alami, Hamza Zarouf, Imad Ghfir, Hasnae Guerrouj
    World Journal of Nuclear Medicine.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Korean Thyroid Association Guidelines on the Management of Differentiated Thyroid Cancers; Part I. Initial Management of Differentiated Thyroid Cancers - Chapter 4. Pathological Diagnosis and Staging after Thyroidectomy 2024
    Su-Jin Shin, Hee Young Na, Ho-Cheol Kang, Sun Wook Kim, Dong Gyu Na, Young Joo Park, Young Shin Song, Eun Kyung Lee, Dong-Jun Lim, Yun Jae Chung, Chan Kwon Jung
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2024; 17(1): 61.     CrossRef
  • Management of Parapharyngeal Metastatic Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma Via a Combined Trans-Cervical and Trans-Oral Robotic Approach
    Clémentine Hyvrard, Florent Couineau, Tiffany Rigal, Serena Louerat, Stéphane Hans, Robin Baudouin
    Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Eggshell Calcifications at Thyroid Ultrasound: A Sample-focused Analysis of Cytological Findings and Post-thyroidectomy Pathological Correlates
    Florentina Ioniţă Radu, Ana M. Gheorghe , Oana C. Sima , Mara Carsote , Claudiu Nistor
    Romanian Journal of Military Medicine.2024; 127(6): 428.     CrossRef
  • Biomarkers in Thyroid Cancer: Emerging Opportunities from Non-Coding RNAs and Mitochondrial Space
    Patricio Cabané, Claudio Correa, Ignacio Bode, Rodrigo Aguilar, Alvaro A. Elorza
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2024; 25(12): 6719.     CrossRef
  • Estrogen-related receptor alpha promotes thyroid tumor cell survival via a tumor subtype-specific regulation of target gene networks
    Wenjing Chen, Young Shin Song, Han Sai Lee, Chien-Wei Lin, Junguee Lee, Yea Eun Kang, Seon-Kyu Kim, Seon-Young Kim, Young Joo Park, Jong-In Park
    Oncogene.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Utilizing Immunoglobulin G4 Immunohistochemistry for Risk Stratification in Patients with Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Associated with Hashimoto Thyroiditis
    Faridul Haq, Gyeongsin Park, Sora Jeon, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Chan Kwon Jung
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2024; 39(3): 468.     CrossRef
  • The Role of SPECT/CT and PET/CT Hybrid Imaging in the Management of Ectopic Thyroid Carcinoma—A Systematic Review
    Claudiu Peștean, Alexandru Pavel, Doina Piciu
    Diagnostics.2024; 14(13): 1369.     CrossRef
  • Long-term survival outcomes of systemic therapy in patients with isolated and mixed medullary thyroid cancer
    Manal S. Fawzy, Aziza Ali Alenezi, Baraah T. Abu AlSel, Eman A. Toraih
    Heliyon.2024; 10(13): e33654.     CrossRef
  • Radioactive iodine therapy for thyroid cancer coexisting with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Xiang-Yi Chen, Yang Tan, Dawei Wang, Zhi-Xiao Wei
    British Journal of Radiology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Advances in clinical research on ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma
    Hua Xu, Jin-yan Yang, Xing Zhao, Zhe Ma
    Frontiers in Oncology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Proteomics profile in encapsulated follicular patterned thyroid neoplasms
    Truong Phan-Xuan Nguyen, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Supranee Buranapraditkun, Shanop Shuangshoti, Nakarin Kitkumthorn, Somboon Keelawat
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Update on C-Cell Neuroendocrine Neoplasm: Prognostic and Predictive Histopathologic and Molecular Features of Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma
    Chan Kwon Jung, Shipra Agarwal, Jen-Fan Hang, Dong-Jun Lim, Andrey Bychkov, Ozgur Mete
    Endocrine Pathology.2023; 34(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • The 5th edition of WHO classification of tumors of endocrine organs: changes in the diagnosis of follicular-derived thyroid carcinoma
    Fulvio Basolo, Elisabetta Macerola, Anello Marcello Poma, Liborio Torregrossa
    Endocrine.2023; 80(3): 470.     CrossRef
  • Preoperative Risk Stratification of Follicular-patterned Thyroid Lesions on Core Needle Biopsy by Histologic Subtyping and RAS Variant-specific Immunohistochemistry
    Meejeong Kim, Sora Jeon, Chan Kwon Jung
    Endocrine Pathology.2023; 34(2): 247.     CrossRef
  • Ultrasound evolution of parenchymal changes in the thyroid gland with autoimmune thyroiditis in children prior to the development of papillary thyroid carcinoma – a follow-up study
    Dominika Januś, Monika Kujdowicz, Małgorzata Wójcik, Anna Taczanowska-Niemczuk, Aleksandra Kiszka-Wiłkojć, Wojciech Górecki, Jerzy B. Starzyk
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma with aggressive fused follicular and solid growth pattern: A unique histological subtype with high‐grade malignancy?
    Shin‐ichi Murata, Ibu Matsuzaki, Mitsuo Kishimoto, Naomi Katsuki, Toshinori Onishi, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Fumiyoshi Kojima
    Pathology International.2023; 73(5): 207.     CrossRef
  • Multi-Omics and Management of Follicular Carcinoma of the Thyroid
    Thifhelimbilu Emmanuel Luvhengo, Ifongo Bombil, Arian Mokhtari, Maeyane Stephens Moeng, Demetra Demetriou, Claire Sanders, Zodwa Dlamini
    Biomedicines.2023; 11(4): 1217.     CrossRef
  • Molecular Genetics of Diffuse Sclerosing Papillary Thyroid Cancer
    Meshael Alswailem, Balgees Alghamdi, Anwar Alotaibi, Abeer Aljomiah, Hindi Al-Hindi, Avaniyapuram Kannan Murugan, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Yufei Shi, Ali S Alzahrani
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2023; 108(9): e704.     CrossRef
  • Multifunctional Phase-Transition Nanoparticles for Effective Targeted Sonodynamic-Gene Therapy Against Thyroid Papillary Carcinoma
    Shihui Guan, Dengke Teng, Hui Wang, Qimeihui Wang, Xi Zhen, Guoqing Sui, Yang Wang, Lingyu Zhu, Yuanqiang Lin, Dan Jiao, Feng Guo
    International Journal of Nanomedicine.2023; Volume 18: 2275.     CrossRef
  • Utilizing Dynamic Risk Stratification in Patients With Tall Cell Variant Papillary Thyroid Cancer
    David Zimmer, Gilman Plitt, Brandon Prendes, Jamie Ku, Natalie Silver, Eric Lamarre, Emrullah Yilmaz, Jessica Geiger, Christian Nasr, Lea El Hage, Mario Skugor, Shauna Cambpell, Shlomo Koyfman, Jacob Miller, Neil Woody, Katherine Heiden, Nikhil Joshi, Tar
    The Laryngoscope.2023; 133(9): 2430.     CrossRef
  • Ultrasound, laboratory and histopathological insights in diagnosing papillary thyroid carcinoma in a paediatric population: a single centre follow-up study between 2000-2022
    Dominika Januś, Małgorzata Wójcik, Anna Taczanowska-Niemczuk, Aleksandra Kiszka-Wiłkojć, Monika Kujdowicz, Małgorzata Czogała, Wojciech Górecki, Jerzy B. Starzyk
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Single Institute Experience
    Sonal Trivedi, T. Salahuddin, Mohamed Taher Mithi, Priyank Rathod, Arpit Bandi, Shashank J. Pandya, Mohit Sharma, Shailesh Patel, Vikas Warikoo, Ketul Puj, Abhijeet Salunkhe, Keval Patel, Shivam Pandya
    Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.2023; 75(4): 2884.     CrossRef
  • FNAC (Fine needle aspiration cytology) and histopathological correlation and reclassification of thyroid neoplasm in accordance with WHO classification 2022
    Fareeda Joshi, Shreya Hegde
    Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology.2023; 10(2): 132.     CrossRef
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma associated with non‑functioning parathyroid carcinoma with Warthin's tumor of the parotid gland: A case report and brief literature review
    Ari Abdullah, Aras Qaradakhy, Yadgar Saeed, Abdulwahid Salih, Seema Karim, Osama Ali, Shko Hassan, Shalaw Nasraldeen, Shvan Mohammed, Fahmi Kakamad
    Medicine International.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Warthin-like papillary thyroid carcinoma: a case report and comprehensive review of the literature
    Abdel Mouhaymen Missaoui, Fatma Hamza, Wafa Belabed, Manel Mellouli, Mohamed Maaloul, Slim Charfi, Issam Jardak, Tahya Sellami-Boudawara, Nabila Rekik, Mohamed Abid
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Reevaluating diagnostic categories and associated malignancy risks in thyroid core needle biopsy
    Chan Kwon Jung
    Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine.2023; 57(4): 208.     CrossRef
  • Cancer Predisposition Syndromes and Thyroid Cancer: Keys for a Short Two-Way Street
    Ioana Balinisteanu, Monica-Cristina Panzaru, Lavinia Caba, Maria-Christina Ungureanu, Andreea Florea, Ana Maria Grigore, Eusebiu Vlad Gorduza
    Biomedicines.2023; 11(8): 2143.     CrossRef
  • Deep learning prediction model for central lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma based on cytology
    Wenhao Ren, Yanli Zhu, Qian Wang, Yuntao Song, Zhihui Fan, Yanhua Bai, Dongmei Lin
    Cancer Science.2023; 114(10): 4114.     CrossRef
  • Cytology and Histology of Thyroid Nodules: Exploring Novel Insights in the Molecular Era for Enhanced Patient Management
    Beatrix Cochand-Priollet, Zahra Maleki
    Current Oncology.2023; 30(8): 7753.     CrossRef
  • Agrin is a novel oncogenic protein in thyroid cancer
    Anna Adamiok‑Ostrowska, Małgorzata Grzanka, Barbara Czarnocka
    Oncology Letters.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Pathological Features of Thyroid Carcinoma in the Western Yunnan
    身吾 王
    Advances in Clinical Medicine.2023; 13(10): 15820.     CrossRef
  • Insight of novel biomarkers for papillary thyroid carcinoma through multiomics
    Wei Liu, Junkan Zhu, Zhen Wu, Yongxiang Yin, Qiao Wu, Yiming Wu, Jiaojiao Zheng, Cong Wang, Hongyan Chen, Talal Jamil Qazi, Jun Wu, Yuqing Zhang, Houbao Liu, Jingmin Yang, Daru Lu, Xumin Zhang, Zhilong Ai
    Frontiers in Oncology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Identification of NIFTP-Specific mRNA Markers for Reliable Molecular Diagnosis of Thyroid Tumors
    So-Yeon Lee, Jong-Lyul Park, Kwangsoon Kim, Ja Seong Bae, Jae-Yoon Kim, Seon-Young Kim, Chan Kwon Jung
    Endocrine Pathology.2023; 34(3): 311.     CrossRef
  • Somatostatin Receptor Type 2 and Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Receptor Expression in Oncocytic Thyroid Neoplasms: Implications for Prognosis and Treatment
    Andrea Gillis, Rui Zheng-Pywell, Chandler McLeod, Dezhi Wang, John M. Ness, Rachael Guenter, Jason Whitt, Tomas A. Prolla, Herbert Chen, Manuel Lora Gonzalez, Bart Rose, Ricardo V. Lloyd, Renata Jaskula-Sztul, Diana Lin
    Modern Pathology.2023; 36(12): 100332.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Treatment and Prognosis Between Follicular Variant Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma and Classical Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
    Bing Zhang, Wenming Wu, Jinjing Liu, Zhou Liang, Liang Zong
    Hormone and Metabolic Research.2023; 55(12): 855.     CrossRef
  • Sentinel lymph node mapping: current applications and future perspectives in thyroid carcinoma
    Isabella Merante Boschin, Loris Bertazza, Carla Scaroni, Caterina Mian, Maria Rosa Pelizzo
    Frontiers in Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Utility of the Growth Differentiation Factor-15 in the Differential Diagnosis of Follicular-Patterned Lesions of the Thyroid on Cytopathologic and Histopathologic Samples
    Prasanna V Perumal, Neelaiah Siddaraju, Sunil K Saxena, Soundravally Rajendiran, Ramachandra V Bhat
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Investigation of pre‐operative demographic, biochemical, sonographic and cytopathological findings in low‐risk thyroid neoplasms
    Muzaffer Serdar Deniz, Didem Özdemir, Narin Nasıroğlu İmga, Hüsniye Başer, Fatma Neslihan Çuhacı Seyrek, Ayşegül Aksoy Altınboğa, Oya Topaloğlu, Reyhan Ersoy, Bekir Çakır
    Clinical Endocrinology.2023; 99(5): 502.     CrossRef
  • Applications of machine and deep learning to thyroid cytology and histopathology: a review
    Greg Slabaugh, Luis Beltran, Hasan Rizvi, Panos Deloukas, Eirini Marouli
    Frontiers in Oncology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Asian Thyroid Working Group, from 2017 to 2023
    Kennichi Kakudo, Chan Kwon Jung, Zhiyan Liu, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Andrey Bychkov, Huy Gia Vuong, Somboon Keelawat, Radhika Srinivasan, Jen-Fan Hang, Chiung-Ru Lai
    Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine.2023; 57(6): 289.     CrossRef
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer: Pathogenesis, prognostic factors and genetic landscape (Review)
    Abdul-Mohsen Alhejaily, Omar Alhuzim, Yazeed Alwelaie
    Molecular and Clinical Oncology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Simultaneous Occurrence of Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma and Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Case Series with Literature Review
    Poupak Fallahi, Armando Patrizio, Giulio Stoppini, Giusy Elia, Francesca Ragusa, Sabrina Rosaria Paparo, Eugenia Balestri, Valeria Mazzi, Chiara Botrini, Gilda Varricchi, Salvatore Ulisse, Marco Ghionzoli, Alessandro Antonelli, Silvia Martina Ferrari
    Current Oncology.2023; 30(12): 10237.     CrossRef
  • Diagnostic Performance of [18F]TFB PET/CT Compared with Therapeutic Activity [131I]Iodine SPECT/CT and [18F]FDG PET/CT in Recurrent Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma
    David Ventura, Matthias Dittmann, Florian Büther, Michael Schäfers, Kambiz Rahbar, Daniel Hescheler, Michael Claesener, Philipp Schindler, Burkhard Riemann, Robert Seifert, Wolfgang Roll
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine.2023; : jnumed.123.266513.     CrossRef
  • Construction and validation of a nomogram for predicting cervical lymph node metastasis in diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma
    Xunyi Lin, Jiaxing Huo, Huan Zhang, Hang Su, Fenghua Zhang
    Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A 16-Year Single-Center Series of Trachea Resections for Locally Advanced Thyroid Carcinoma
    Julia I. Staubitz-Vernazza, Sina Schwind, Oana Lozan, Thomas J. Musholt
    Cancers.2023; 16(1): 163.     CrossRef
  • Reprogramming of Cellular Metabolism and Its Therapeutic Applications in Thyroid Cancer
    Yuji Nagayama, Koichiro Hamada
    Metabolites.2022; 12(12): 1214.     CrossRef
  • Developments to improve outcomes in thyroid surgery
    Thomas J. Musholt
    Innovative Surgical Sciences.2022; 7(3-4): 77.     CrossRef
  • The relationship of the clinicopathological characteristics and treatment results of post-Chornobyl papillary thyroid microcarcinomas with the latency period and radiation exposure
    Tetiana Bogdanova, Serhii Chernyshov, Liudmyla Zurnadzhy, Tatiana I. Rogounovitch, Norisato Mitsutake, Mykola Tronko, Masahiro Ito, Michael Bolgov, Sergii Masiuk, Shunichi Yamashita, Vladimir A. Saenko
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Close layer
Adrenal gland
The Fascinating Interplay between Growth Hormone, Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1, and Insulin
Eline C. Nijenhuis-Noort, Kirsten A. Berk, Sebastian J. C. M. M. Neggers, Aart J. van der Lely
Endocrinol Metab. 2024;39(1):83-89.   Published online January 9, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2024.101
  • 4,223 View
  • 226 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
This review intends to provide the reader with a practical overview of several (patho)physiological conditions in which knowledge of the interplay between growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and insulin is important. This might help treating physicians in making the right decisions on how to intervene and improve metabolism for the benefit of patients, and to understand why and how metabolism responds in their specific cases. We will specifically address the interplay between GH, IGF-1, and insulin in type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus, liver cirrhosis, and acromegaly as examples in which this knowledge is truly necessary.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • IGF-1 and IGF-2 as Molecules Linked to Causes and Consequences of Obesity from Fetal Life to Adulthood: A Systematic Review
    Justyna Szydlowska-Gladysz, Adrianna Edyta Gorecka, Julia Stepien, Izabela Rysz, Iwona Ben-Skowronek
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2024; 25(7): 3966.     CrossRef
Close layer
Adrenal Gland
Recent Updates on the Management of Adrenal Incidentalomas
Seung Shin Park, Jung Hee Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2023;38(4):373-380.   Published online August 16, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2023.1779
  • 9,779 View
  • 1,741 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Adrenal incidentalomas represent an increasingly common clinical conundrum with significant implications for patients. The revised 2023 European Society of Endocrinology (ESE) guideline incorporates cutting-edge evidence for managing adrenal incidentalomas. This paper provides a concise review of the updated contents of the revised guideline. In the 2023 guideline, in patients without signs and symptoms of overt Cushing’s syndrome, a post-dexamethasone cortisol level above 50 nmol/L (>1.8 μg/dL) should be considered as mild autonomous cortisol secretion. Regarding the criteria of benign adrenal adenomas, a homogeneous adrenal mass with ≤10 Hounsfield units on non-contrast computed tomography requires no further follow-up, irrespective of its size. The updated guideline also discusses steroid metabolomics using tandem mass spectrometry to discriminate malignancy. It underscores the importance of high-volume surgeons performing adrenalectomy and emphasizes the pivotal role of a multidisciplinary team approach in deciding the treatment plan for indeterminate adrenal masses. The guideline advocates for more proactive surgical treatment for indeterminate adrenal masses in young patients (<40 years) and pregnant women. This review of the 2023 ESE guideline underscores the ongoing evolution of the adrenal incidentaloma management landscape, emphasizing the need for further research and adaptation of diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Personalized Management of Malignant and Non-Malignant Ectopic Mediastinal Thyroid: A Proposed 10-Item Algorithm Approach
    Mara Carsote, Mihai-Lucian Ciobica, Oana-Claudia Sima, Adrian Ciuche, Ovidiu Popa-Velea, Mihaela Stanciu, Florina Ligia Popa, Claudiu Nistor
    Cancers.2024; 16(10): 1868.     CrossRef
  • Temporal trends in clinical features of patients with primary aldosteronism over 20 years
    Seung Shin Park, Chang Ho Ahn, Sang Wan Kim, Jung-Min Koh, Seung Hun Lee, Jung Hee Kim
    Hypertension Research.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Steroid Profiling in the Differential Diagnosis of Cushing's Syndrome and Diagnosis of MACS
    A. Nankova, T. Kamenova, V. Vasilev, At. Elenkova, D. Svinarov, G. Kirilov, S. Zaharieva
    Acta Medica Bulgarica.2024; 51(2): 1.     CrossRef
Close layer
Diabetes, obesity and metabolism
Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Based Therapies: A New Horizon in Obesity Management
Jang Won Son, Soo Lim
Endocrinol Metab. 2024;39(2):206-221.   Published online April 16, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2024.1940
  • 3,191 View
  • 268 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Obesity is a significant risk factor for health issues like type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. It often proves resistant to traditional lifestyle interventions, prompting a need for more precise therapeutic strategies. This has led to a focus on signaling pathways and neuroendocrine mechanisms to develop targeted obesity treatments. Recent developments in obesity management have been revolutionized by introducing novel glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) based drugs, such as semaglutide and tirzepatide. These drugs are part of an emerging class of nutrient-stimulated hormone-based therapeutics, acting as incretin mimetics to target G-protein–coupled receptors like GLP-1, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), and glucagon. These receptors are vital in regulating body fat and energy balance. The development of multiagonists, including GLP-1–glucagon and GIP–GLP-1–glucagon receptor agonists, especially with the potential for glucagon receptor activation, marks a significant advancement in the field. This review covers the development and clinical efficacy of various GLP-1-based therapeutics, exploring the challenges and future directions in obesity management.
Close layer
Miscellaneous
Brown Adipose Tissue: Activation and Metabolism in Humans
Imane Hachemi, Mueez U-Din
Endocrinol Metab. 2023;38(2):214-222.   Published online March 27, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2023.1659
  • 8,053 View
  • 545 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a thermogenic organ contributing to non-shivering thermogenesis. BAT becomes active under cold stress via sympathetic nervous system activation. However, recent evidence has suggested that BAT may also be active at thermoneutrality and in a postprandial state. BAT has superior energy dissipation capacity compared to white adipose tissue (WAT) and muscles. Thus, it has been proposed that the recruitment and activation of additional BAT may increase the overall energy-expending capacity in humans, potentially improving current whole-body weight management strategies. Nutrition plays a central role in obesity and weight management. Thus, this review discusses human studies describing BAT hyper-metabolism after dietary interventions. Nutritional agents that can potentially recruit brown adipocytes via the process of BAT-WAT transdifferentiation are also discussed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Spermidine activates adipose tissue thermogenesis through autophagy and fibroblast growth factor 21
    Yinhua Ni, Liujie Zheng, Liqian Zhang, Jiamin Li, Yuxiang Pan, Haimei Du, Zhaorong Wang, Zhengwei Fu
    The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry.2024; 125: 109569.     CrossRef
  • A natural sustained-intestinal release formulation of red chili pepper extracted capsaicinoids (Capsifen®) safely modulates energy balance and endurance performance: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
    N. Roopashree, Das S. Syam, I. M. Krishnakumar, K. N. Mala, Bradley S. Fleenor, Jestin Thomas
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Thermogenic Fat as a New Obesity Management Tool: From Pharmaceutical Reagents to Cell Therapies
    Ying Cheng, Shiqing Liang, Shuhan Zhang, Xiaoyan Hui
    Biomedicines.2024; 12(7): 1474.     CrossRef
  • MRI Methods to Visualize and Quantify Adipose Tissue in Health and Disease
    Katerina Nikiforaki, Kostas Marias
    Biomedicines.2023; 11(12): 3179.     CrossRef
Close layer
Diabetes, obesity and metabolism
The Road towards Triple Agonists: Glucagon-Like Peptide 1, Glucose-Dependent Insulinotropic Polypeptide and Glucagon Receptor - An Update
Agnieszka Jakubowska, Carel W. le Roux, Adie Viljoen
Endocrinol Metab. 2024;39(1):12-22.   Published online February 14, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2024.1942
  • 4,649 View
  • 340 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Obesity is the fifth leading risk factor for global deaths with numbers continuing to increase worldwide. In the last 20 years, the emergence of pharmacological treatments for obesity based on gastrointestinal hormones has transformed the therapeutic landscape. The successful development of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists, followed by the synergistic combined effect of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP)/GLP-1 receptor agonists achieved remarkable weight loss and glycemic control in those with the diseases of obesity and type 2 diabetes. The multiple cardiometabolic benefits include improving glycemic control, lipid profiles, blood pressure, inflammation, and hepatic steatosis. The 2023 phase 2 double-blind, randomized controlled trial evaluating a GLP-1/GIP/glucagon receptor triagonist (retatrutide) in patients with the disease of obesity reported 24.2% weight loss at 48 weeks with 12 mg retatrutide. This review evaluates the current available evidence for GLP-1 receptor agonists, dual GLP-1/GIP receptor co-agonists with a focus on GLP-1/GIP/glucagon receptor triagonists and discusses the potential future benefits and research directions.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • New Mechanisms to Prevent Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction Using Glucagon-like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonism (GLP-1 RA) in Metabolic Syndrome and in Type 2 Diabetes: A Review
    Jorge E. Jalil, Luigi Gabrielli, María Paz Ocaranza, Paul MacNab, Rodrigo Fernández, Bruno Grassi, Paulina Jofré, Hugo Verdejo, Monica Acevedo, Samuel Cordova, Luis Sanhueza, Douglas Greig
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2024; 25(8): 4407.     CrossRef
  • New Molecules in Type 2 Diabetes: Advancements, Challenges and Future Directions
    Kyriazoula Chatzianagnostou, Melania Gaggini, Adrian Suman Florentin, Ludovica Simonini, Cristina Vassalle
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2024; 25(11): 6218.     CrossRef
  • Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors, anti-diabetic drugs in heart failure and cognitive impairment: potential mechanisms of the protective effects
    Maria Antonietta Riemma, Elena Mele, Maria Donniacuo, Marialucia Telesca, Gabriella Bellocchio, Giuseppe Castaldo, Francesco Rossi, Antonella De Angelis, Donato Cappetta, Konrad Urbanek, Liberato Berrino
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Mechanisms of Glucagon Receptor Agonism and GLP-1/Glucagon/GIP Receptor Triple Agonism for Treatment of Diabetes and Obesity
    Se Hee Min
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2024; 25(2): 82.     CrossRef
Close layer
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Recent Updates to Clinical Practice Guidelines for Diabetes Mellitus
Jin Yu, Seung-Hwan Lee, Mee Kyoung Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2022;37(1):26-37.   Published online February 28, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2022.105
  • 19,118 View
  • 1,215 Download
  • 23 Web of Science
  • 21 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Guidelines for the management of patients with diabetes have become an important part of clinical practice that improve the quality of care and help establish evidence-based medicine in this field. With rapidly accumulating evidence on various aspects of diabetes care, including landmark clinical trials of treatment agents and newer technologies, timely updates of the guidelines capture the most current state of the field and present a consensus. As a leading academic society, the Korean Diabetes Association publishes practice guidelines biennially and the American Diabetes Association does so annually. In this review, we summarize the key changes suggested in the most recent guidelines. Some of the important updates include treatment algorithms emphasizing comorbid conditions such as atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, heart failure, and chronic kidney disease in the selection of anti-diabetic agents; wider application of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), insulin pump technologies and indices derived from CGM such as time in range; more active screening of subjects at high-risk of diabetes; and more detailed individualization in diabetes care. Although there are both similarities and differences among guidelines and some uncertainty remains, these updates provide a good approach for many clinical practitioners who are battling with diabetes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Finerenone: Efficacy of a New Nonsteroidal Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonist in Treatment of Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease and Type 2 Diabetes
    Subo Dey, Jasmine Garg, Andy Wang, Eva Holzner, William H. Frishman, Wilbert S. Aronow
    Cardiology in Review.2024; 32(3): 285.     CrossRef
  • Use of Diabetes Medications before and after a Heart Failure–Related Hospitalization among Nursing Home Residents
    Tingting Zhang, Andrew R. Zullo, Kaleen (Kaley) N. Hayes, Dae Hyun Kim, Yoojin Lee, Lori A. Daiello, Douglas P. Kiel, Sarah D. Berry
    Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.2024; 25(3): 454.     CrossRef
  • Accuracy and Safety of the 15-Day CareSens Air Continuous Glucose Monitoring System
    Kyung-Soo Kim, Seung-Hwan Lee, Won Sang Yoo, Cheol-Young Park
    Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.2024; 26(4): 222.     CrossRef
  • Body composition and metabolic syndrome in patients with type 1 diabetes
    Qiong Zeng, Xiao-Jing Chen, Yi-Ting He, Ze-Ming Ma, Yi-Xi Wu, Kun Lin
    World Journal of Diabetes.2024; 15(1): 81.     CrossRef
  • The best internal structure of the Diabetes Quality of Life Measure (DQOL) in Brazilian patients
    Denilson Menezes Almeida, Aldair Darlan Santos-de-Araújo, José Mário Costa Brito Júnior, Marcela Cacere, André Pontes-Silva, Cyrene Piazera Costa, Maria Cláudia Gonçalves, José Márcio Soares Leite, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, Daniela Bassi-Dibai
    BMC Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Diabetes Duration, Cholesterol Levels, and Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes
    Mee Kyoung Kim, Kyu Na Lee, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Hwan Lee
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • SGLT2 inhibitors and their possible use in prevention and treatment of neurological diseases
    Mateusz Sobczyk, Daria Żuraw, Paulina Oleksa, Kacper Jasiński, Mikołaj Porzak, Michał Dacka
    Prospects in Pharmaceutical Sciences.2024; 22(1): 16.     CrossRef
  • Comparison between a tubeless, on-body automated insulin delivery system and a tubeless, on-body sensor-augmented pump in type 1 diabetes: a multicentre randomised controlled trial
    Ji Yoon Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Eun Seok Kang, Soo Heon Kwak, Yeoree Yang, Jee Hee Yoo, Jae Hyun Bae, Jun Sung Moon, Chang Hee Jung, Ji Cheol Bae, Sunghwan Suh, Sun Joon Moon, Sun Ok Song, Suk Chon, Jae Hyeon Kim
    Diabetologia.2024; 67(7): 1235.     CrossRef
  • Continuous glucose monitoring data for artificial intelligence-based predictive glycemic event: A potential aspect for diabetic care
    Lim Pei Ying, Oh Xin Yin, Ong Wei Quan, Neha Jain, Jayashree Mayuren, Manisha Pandey, Bapi Gorain, Mayuren Candasamy
    International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A nationwide cohort study on diabetes severity and risk of Parkinson disease
    Kyungdo Han, Bongsung Kim, Seung Hwan Lee, Mee Kyoung Kim
    npj Parkinson's Disease.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Optimal Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Level for Primary Prevention in Koreans with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Ji Yoon Kim, Nam Hoon Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and safety of enavogliflozin versus dapagliflozin added to metformin plus gemigliptin treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes: A double-blind, randomized, comparator-active study: ENHANCE-D study
    Kyung-Soo Kim, Kyung Ah Han, Tae Nyun Kim, Cheol-Young Park, Jung Hwan Park, Sang Yong Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Kee Ho Song, Eun Seok Kang, Chul Sik Kim, Gwanpyo Koh, Jun Goo Kang, Mi Kyung Kim, Ji Min Han, Nan Hee Kim, Ji Oh Mok, Jae Hyuk Lee, Soo Lim, Sang S
    Diabetes & Metabolism.2023; 49(4): 101440.     CrossRef
  • Impact of mental disorders on the risk of heart failure among Korean patients with diabetes: a cohort study
    Tae Kyung Yoo, Kyung-Do Han, Eun-Jung Rhee, Won-Young Lee
    Cardiovascular Diabetology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Chronic disease management program applied to type 2 diabetes patients and prevention of diabetic complications: a retrospective cohort study using nationwide data
    Min Kyung Hyun, Jang Won Lee, Seung-Hyun Ko
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Innovative Therapeutic Approaches in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: When Knowing Your Patient Is Key
    Marta Alonso-Peña, Maria Del Barrio, Ana Peleteiro-Vigil, Carolina Jimenez-Gonzalez, Alvaro Santos-Laso, Maria Teresa Arias-Loste, Paula Iruzubieta, Javier Crespo
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2023; 24(13): 10718.     CrossRef
  • Association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and depression among Korean midlife women: a cross-sectional analysis study
    You Lee Yang, Eun-Ok Im, Yunmi Kim
    BMC Nursing.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Access to novel anti-diabetic agents in resource limited settings: A brief commentary
    Poobalan Naidoo, Kiolan Naidoo, Sumanth Karamchand, Rory F Leisegang
    World Journal of Diabetes.2023; 14(7): 939.     CrossRef
  • Comparative efficacy and safety profile of once-weekly Semaglutide versus once-daily Sitagliptin as an add-on to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Tirath Patel, Fnu Nageeta, Rohab Sohail, Tooba Shaukat Butt, Shyamala Ganesan, Fnu Madhurita, Muhammad Ahmed, Mahrukh Zafar, Wirda Zafar, Mohammad Uzair Zaman, Giustino Varrassi, Mahima Khatri, Satesh Kumar
    Annals of Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Bexagliflozin, a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, for improvement of glycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Sagar Dholariya, Siddhartha Dutta, Ragini Singh, Deepak Parchwani, Amit Sonagra, Mehul Kaliya
    Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy.2023; 24(18): 2187.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of the management and therapeutic performance of diabetes mellitus employing special target
    Hong-Yan Sun, Xiao-Yan Lin
    World Journal of Diabetes.2023; 14(12): 1721.     CrossRef
  • Zinc Chloride Enhances the Antioxidant Status, Improving the Functional and Structural Organic Disturbances in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in Rats
    Irina Claudia Anton, Liliana Mititelu-Tartau, Eliza Gratiela Popa, Mihaela Poroch, Vladimir Poroch, Ana-Maria Pelin, Liliana Lacramioara Pavel, Ilie Cristian Drochioi, Gina Eosefina Botnariu
    Medicina.2022; 58(11): 1620.     CrossRef
Close layer
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Lipoprotein Lipase: Is It a Magic Target for the Treatment of Hypertriglyceridemia
Joon Ho Moon, Kyuho Kim, Sung Hee Choi
Endocrinol Metab. 2022;37(4):575-586.   Published online August 29, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2022.402
  • 9,729 View
  • 487 Download
  • 15 Web of Science
  • 18 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
High levels of triglycerides (TG) and triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRLs) confer a residual risk of cardiovascular disease after optimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)–lowering therapy. Consensus has been made that LDL-C is a non-arguable primary target for lipid lowering treatment, but the optimization of TGRL for reducing the remnant risk of cardiovascular diseases is urged. Omega-3 fatty acids and fibrates are used to reduce TG levels, but many patients still have high TG and TGRL levels combined with low high-density lipoprotein concentration that need to be ideally treated. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key regulator for TGs that hydrolyzes TGs to glycerol and free fatty acids in lipoprotein particles for lipid storage and consumption in peripheral organs. A deeper understanding of human genetics has enabled the identification of proteins regulating the LPL activity, which include the apolipoproteins and angiopoietin-like families. Novel therapeutic approach such as antisense oligonucleotides and monoclonal antibodies that regulate TGs have been developed in recent decades. In this article, we focus on the biology of LPL and its modulators and review recent clinical application, including genetic studies and clinical trials of novel therapeutics. Optimization of LPL activity to lower TG levels could eventually reduce incident atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in conjunction with successful LDL-C reduction.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The chylomicron saga: time to focus on postprandial metabolism
    Alejandro Gugliucci
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sanghuangporus vaninii extract ameliorates hyperlipidemia in rats by mechanisms identified with transcriptome analysis
    Ning Gao, Yuanzhen Liu, Guangjie Liu, Bo Liu, Yupeng Cheng
    Food Science & Nutrition.2024; 12(5): 3360.     CrossRef
  • Targeting host-specific metabolic pathways—opportunities and challenges for anti-infective therapy
    Monika I. Konaklieva, Balbina J. Plotkin
    Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Obesity, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular disease: A joint expert review from the Obesity Medicine Association and the National Lipid Association 2024
    Harold Edward Bays, Carol Kirkpatrick, Kevin C. Maki, Peter P. Toth, Ryan T. Morgan, Justin Tondt, Sandra Michelle Christensen, Dave Dixon, Terry A. Jacobson
    Obesity Pillars.2024; 10: 100108.     CrossRef
  • Role of Fenofibrate Use in Dyslipidemia and Related Comorbidities in the Asian Population: A Narrative Review
    Chaicharn Deerochanawong, Sin Gon Kim, Yu-Cheng Chang
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2024; 48(2): 184.     CrossRef
  • Xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone, regulates lipid metabolism by modulating the LXRα/RXR-ANGPTL3-LPL axis in hepatic cell lines and high-fat diet-fed zebrafish models
    Wan-Yun Gao, Pei-Yi Chen, Hao-Jen Hsu, Je-Wen Liou, Chia-Ling Wu, Ming-Jiuan Wu, Jui-Hung Yen
    Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy.2024; 174: 116598.     CrossRef
  • Obesity, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular disease: A joint expert review from the Obesity Medicine Association and the National Lipid Association 2024
    Harold Edward Bays, Carol F. Kirkpatrick, Kevin C. Maki, Peter P. Toth, Ryan T. Morgan, Justin Tondt, Sandra Michelle Christensen, Dave L. Dixon, Terry A. Jacobson
    Journal of Clinical Lipidology.2024; 18(3): e320.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with treatment responses to pioglitazone in patients with steatotic liver disease: A 3‐year prospective cohort study
    Ming‐Ling Chang, Jennifer Tai, Jur‐Shan Cheng, Wei‐Ting Chen, Sien‐Sing Yang, Cheng‐Hsun Chiu, Rong‐Nan Chien
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2024; 26(7): 2969.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and safety of omega‐3‐acid ethyl acetate 90 capsules in severe hypertriglyceridemia: A randomized, controlled, multicenter study
    Wang Zhao, Yangang Wang, Jin Li, Tao Chen, Delu Yin, Hailong Dai, Zhuhua Yao, Shuiping Zhao
    Lipids.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Lipoprotein lipase as a target for obesity/diabetes related cardiovascular disease
    Rui Shang, Brian Rodrigues
    Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • High producer variant of lipoprotein lipase may protect from hepatocellular carcinoma in alcohol-associated cirrhosis
    Franziska Schmalz, Janett Fischer, Hamish Innes, Stephan Buch, Christine Möller, Madlen Matz-Soja, Witigo von Schönfels, Benjamin Krämer, Bettina Langhans, Alexandra Klüners, Michael Soyka, Felix Stickel, Jacob Nattermann, Christian P. Strassburg, Thomas
    JHEP Reports.2023; 5(4): 100684.     CrossRef
  • Measurement of Serum Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Triglyceride-Rich Remnant Cholesterol as Independent Predictors of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease: Possibilities and Limitations
    Dieter Lütjohann, Hans-Ulrich Klör, Frans Stellaard
    Nutrients.2023; 15(9): 2202.     CrossRef
  • Influence of antipsychotic medications on hyperlipidemia risk in patients with schizophrenia: evidence from a population-based cohort study and in vitro hepatic lipid homeostasis gene expression
    Tien-Yuan Wu, Ni Tien, Cheng-Li Lin, Yu-Cun Cheah, Chung Y. Hsu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Yi-Jen Fang, Yun-Ping Lim
    Frontiers in Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Triglyceride-Rich Lipoprotein Metabolism: Key Regulators of Their Flux
    Alejandro Gugliucci
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(13): 4399.     CrossRef
  • Sugar and Dyslipidemia: A Double-Hit, Perfect Storm
    Alejandro Gugliucci
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(17): 5660.     CrossRef
  • Dyslipidemia in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: An Updated Overview
    Sang Heon Suh, Soo Wan Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(5): 612.     CrossRef
  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor α in Lipoprotein Metabolism and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease
    Elena Valeria Fuior, Evangelia Zvintzou, Theodosios Filippatos, Katerina Giannatou, Victoria Mparnia, Maya Simionescu, Anca Violeta Gafencu, Kyriakos E. Kypreos
    Biomedicines.2023; 11(10): 2696.     CrossRef
  • Developing a model to predict the early risk of hypertriglyceridemia based on inhibiting lipoprotein lipase (LPL): a translational study
    Julia Hernandez-Baixauli, Gertruda Chomiciute, Juan María Alcaide-Hidalgo, Anna Crescenti, Laura Baselga-Escudero, Hector Palacios-Jordan, Elisabet Foguet-Romero, Anna Pedret, Rosa M. Valls, Rosa Solà, Miquel Mulero, Josep M. Del Bas
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Close layer
Diabetes, obesity and metabolism
The Benefits Of Continuous Glucose Monitoring In Pregnancy
Jee Hee Yoo, Jae Hyeon Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2023;38(5):472-481.   Published online October 11, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2023.1805
  • 4,384 View
  • 294 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Previous studies have consistently demonstrated the positive effects of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) on glycemic outcomes and complications of diabetes in people with type 1 diabetes. Guidelines now consider CGM to be an essential and cost-effective device for managing type 1 diabetes. As a result, insurance coverage for it is available. Evidence supporting CGM continues to grow and expand to broader populations, such as pregnant people with type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes treated only with basal insulin therapy, and even type 2 diabetes that does not require insulin treatment. However, despite the significant risk of hyperglycemia in pregnancy, which leads to complications in more than half of affected newborns, CGM indications and insurance coverage for those patients are unresolved. In this review article, we discuss the latest evidence for using CGM to offer glycemic control and reduce perinatal complications, along with its cost-effectiveness in pregestational type 1 and type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes mellitus. In addition, we discuss future prospects for CGM coverage and indications based on this evidence.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Wearable devices for glucose monitoring: A review of state-of-the-art technologies and emerging trends
    Mohammad Mansour, M. Saeed Darweesh, Ahmed Soltan
    Alexandria Engineering Journal.2024; 89: 224.     CrossRef
Close layer
Calcium & bone metabolism
Osteocalcin: Beyond Bones
Jakub Krzysztof Nowicki, Elżbieta Jakubowska-Pietkiewicz
Endocrinol Metab. 2024;39(3):399-406.   Published online May 28, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2023.1895
  • 1,694 View
  • 93 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Apart from basic roles such as supporting the body, protecting internal organs, and storing calcium, the skeletal system also performs hormonal functions. In recent years, several reports have been published on proteins secreted by bones and their impact on the homeostasis of the entire body. These proteins include fibroblast growth factor 23, sclerostin, lipocalin 2, and osteocalcin. Osteocalcin, the most abundant non-collagenous protein in bone tissue, is routinely measured as a clinical marker for diagnosing bone metabolism disorders. Its molecule undergoes numerous transformations, with decarboxylation being the critical process. Decarboxylation occurs in the acidic environment typical of bone resorption, facilitating the release of the molecule into the bloodstream and enabling its hormonal action. Decarboxylated osteocalcin promotes insulin secretion and stimulates the proliferation of pancreatic islet β-cells. It also plays a role in reducing the accumulation of visceral fat and decreasing fat storage in the liver. Furthermore, decarboxylated osteocalcin levels are inversely correlated with fasting serum glucose levels, total body fat, visceral fat area, and body mass index. Apart from its role in energy metabolism, osteocalcin affects testosterone production and the synthesis of glucagon-like peptide-1. It is also actively involved in muscle-bone crosstalk and influences cognitive function.
Close layer
Diabetes, obesity and metabolism
Glucocorticoid-Induced Hyperglycemia: A Neglected Problem
Jung-Hwan Cho, Sunghwan Suh
Endocrinol Metab. 2024;39(2):222-238.   Published online March 27, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2024.1951
  • 3,007 View
  • 185 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Glucocorticoids provide a potent therapeutic response and are widely used to treat a variety of diseases, including coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. However, the issue of glucocorticoid-induced hyperglycemia (GIH), which is observed in over one-third of patients treated with glucocorticoids, is often neglected. To improve the clinical course and prognosis of diseases that necessitate glucocorticoid therapy, proper management of GIH is essential. The key pathophysiology of GIH includes systemic insulin resistance, which exacerbates hepatic steatosis and visceral obesity, as well as proteolysis and lipolysis of muscle and adipose tissue, coupled with β-cell dysfunction. For patients on glucocorticoid therapy, risk stratification should be conducted through a detailed baseline evaluation, and frequent glucose monitoring is recommended to detect the onset of GIH, particularly in high-risk individuals. Patients with confirmed GIH who require treatment should follow an insulin-centered regimen that varies depending on whether they are inpatients or outpatients, as well as the type and dosage of glucocorticoid used. The ideal strategy to maintain normoglycemia while preventing hypoglycemia is to combine basal-bolus insulin and correction doses with a continuous glucose monitoring system. This review focuses on the current understanding and latest evidence concerning GIH, incorporating insights gained from the COVID-19 pandemic.
Close layer
Original Article
Diabetes, obesity and metabolism
Triglyceride-Glucose Index Predicts Future Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Diseases: A 16-Year Follow-up in a Prospective, Community-Dwelling Cohort Study
Joon Ho Moon, Yongkang Kim, Tae Jung Oh, Jae Hoon Moon, Soo Heon Kwak, Kyong Soo Park, Hak Chul Jang, Sung Hee Choi, Nam H. Cho
Endocrinol Metab. 2023;38(4):406-417.   Published online August 3, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2023.1703
  • 4,360 View
  • 202 Download
  • 8 Web of Science
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
While the triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index is a measure of insulin resistance, its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) has not been well elucidated. We evaluated the TyG index for prediction of CVDs in a prospective large communitybased cohort.
Methods
Individuals 40 to 70 years old were prospectively followed for a median 15.6 years. The TyG index was calculated as the Ln [fasting triglycerides (mg/dL)×fasting glucose (mg/dL)/2]. CVDs included any acute myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease or cerebrovascular disease. We used a Cox proportional hazards model to estimate CVD risks according to quartiles of the TyG index and plotted the receiver operating characteristics curve for the incident CVD.
Results
Among 8,511 subjects (age 51.9±8.8 years; 47.5% males), 931 (10.9%) had incident CVDs during the follow-up. After adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, total cholesterol, smoking, alcohol, exercise, and C-reactive protein, subjects in the highest TyG quartile had 36% increased risk of incident CVD compared with the lowest TyG quartile (hazard ratio, 1.36; 95% confidence interval, 1.10 to 1.68). Carotid plaque, assessed by ultrasonography was more frequent in subjects in the higher quartile of TyG index (P for trend=0.049 in men and P for trend <0.001 in women). The TyG index had a higher predictive power for CVDs than the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (area under the curve, 0.578 for TyG and 0.543 for HOMA-IR). Adding TyG index on diabetes or hypertension alone gave sounder predictability for CVDs.
Conclusion
The TyG index is independently associated with future CVDs in 16 years of follow-up in large, prospective Korean cohort.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Construction and validation of a nomogram for predicting diabetes remission at 3 months after bariatric surgery in patients with obesity combined with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Kaisheng Yuan, Bing Wu, Ruiqi Zeng, Fuqing Zhou, Ruixiang Hu, Cunchuan Wang
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2024; 26(1): 169.     CrossRef
  • Association between the triglyceride glucose index and chronic total coronary occlusion: A cross-sectional study from southwest China
    Kaiyong Xiao, Huili Cao, Bin Yang, Zhe Xv, Lian Xiao, Jianping Wang, Shuiqing Ni, Hui Feng, Zhongwei He, Lei Xv, Juan Li, Dongmei Xv
    Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases.2024; 34(4): 850.     CrossRef
  • The association between TyG and all-cause/non-cardiovascular mortality in general patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is modified by age: results from the cohort study of NHANES 1999–2018
    Younan Yao, Bo Wang, Tian Geng, Jiyan Chen, Wan Chen, Liwen Li
    Cardiovascular Diabetology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comparison of triglyceride glucose index and modified triglyceride glucose indices in prediction of cardiovascular diseases in middle aged and older Chinese adults
    Cancan Cui, Yitian Qi, Jiayin Song, Xinyun Shang, Tianjiao Han, Ning Han, Siqi Yue, Yining Zha, Zhonghang Xu, Jiannan Li, Lin Liu
    Cardiovascular Diabetology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Triglyceride-glucose index predicts type 2 diabetes mellitus more effectively than oral glucose tolerance test-derived insulin sensitivity and secretion markers
    Min Jin Lee, Ji Hyun Bae, Ah Reum Khang, Dongwon Yi, Mi Sook Yun, Yang Ho Kang
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2024; 210: 111640.     CrossRef
  • Prognostic value of triglyceride-glucose index for left ventricular remodeling in nondiabetic ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients
    Tolga Han Efe, Engin Algül
    Biomarkers in Medicine.2024; 18(6): 243.     CrossRef
  • Triglyceride-Glucose Index as Predictor for Hypertension, CHD and STROKE Risk among Non-Diabetic Patients: A NHANES Cross-Sectional Study 2001–2020
    Bisher Sawaf, Sarya Swed, Hidar Alibrahim, Haidara Bohsas, Tirth Dave, Mohamad Nour Nasif, Wael Hafez, Fatema Ali Asgar Tashrifwala, Yazan Khair Eldien Jabban, Safwan Al-Rassas, Heba haj Saleh, Abdul Rehman Zia Zaidi, Baraa Alghalyini, Shaymaa Abdelmaboud
    Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • An Increasing Triglyceride–Glucose Index Is Associated with a Pro-Inflammatory and Pro-Oxidant Phenotype
    Beverley Adams-Huet, Ishwarlal Jialal
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2024; 13(13): 3941.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of the novel three lipid indices for predicting five- and ten-year incidence of cardiovascular disease: findings from Kerman coronary artery disease risk factors study (KERCADRS)
    Alireza Jafari, Hamid Najafipour, Mitra Shadkam, Sina Aminizadeh
    Lipids in Health and Disease.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Close layer
Review Articles
Adrenal gland
A Contemporary Approach to the Diagnosis and Management of Adrenal Insufficiency
Suranut Charoensri, Richard J. Auchus
Endocrinol Metab. 2024;39(1):73-82.   Published online January 22, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2024.1894
  • 4,166 View
  • 982 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Adrenal insufficiency (AI) can be classified into three distinct categories based on its underlying causes: primary adrenal disorders, secondary deficiencies in adrenocorticotropin, or hypothalamic suppression from external factors, most commonly glucocorticoid medications used for anti-inflammatory therapy. The hallmark clinical features of AI include fatigue, appetite loss, unintentional weight loss, low blood pressure, and hyponatremia. Individuals with primary AI additionally manifest skin hyperpigmentation, hyperkalemia, and salt craving. The diagnosis of AI is frequently delayed due to the non-specific symptoms and signs early in the disease course, which poses a significant challenge to its early detection prior to an adrenal crisis. Despite the widespread availability of lifesaving glucocorticoid medications for decades, notable challenges persist, particularly in the domains of timely diagnosis while simultaneously avoiding misdiagnosis, patient education for averting adrenal crises, and the determination of optimal replacement therapies. This article reviews recent advancements in the contemporary diagnostic strategy and approaches to optimal treatment for AI.
Close layer
Thyroid
Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease during Pregnancy and Postpartum: 2023 Revised Korean Thyroid Association Guidelines
Hwa Young Ahn, Ka Hee Yi
Endocrinol Metab. 2023;38(3):289-294.   Published online June 9, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2023.1696
  • 8,150 View
  • 801 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Thyroid hormone plays a critical role in fetal growth and development, and thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy is associated with several adverse outcomes, such as miscarriage and preterm birth. In this review, we introduce and explain three major changes in the revised Korean Thyroid Association (KTA) guidelines for the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease during pregnancy: first, the normal range of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) during pregnancy; second, the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism; and third, the management of euthyroid pregnant women with positive thyroid autoantibodies. The revised KTA guidelines adopt 4.0 mIU/L as the upper limit of TSH in the first trimester. A TSH level between 4.0 and 10.0 mIU/L, combined with free thyroxine (T4) within the normal range, is defined as subclinical hypothyroidism, and a TSH level over 10 mIU/L is defined as overt hypothyroidism regardless of the free T4 level. Levothyroxine treatment is recommended when the TSH level is higher than 4 mIU/L in subclinical hypothyroidism, regardless of thyroid peroxidase antibody positivity. However, thyroid hormone therapy to prevent miscarriage is not recommended in thyroid autoantibody-positive women with normal thyroid function.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Use of thyroid hormones in hypothyroid and euthyroid patients: A survey of members of the Endocrine Society of Australia
    Nicole Lafontaine, Suzanne J. Brown, Petros Perros, Enrico Papini, Endre V. Nagy, Roberto Attanasio, Laszlo Hegedüs, John P. Walsh
    Clinical Endocrinology.2024; 100(5): 477.     CrossRef
  • Management of Subclinical Hypothyroidism: A Focus on Proven Health Effects in the 2023 Korean Thyroid Association Guidelines
    Eu Jeong Ku, Won Sang Yoo, Hyun Kyung Chung
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2023; 38(4): 381.     CrossRef
  • Maternal isolated hypothyroxinemia in the first trimester is not associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, except for macrosomia: a prospective cohort study in China
    Jing Du, Linong Ji, Xiaomei Zhang, Ning Yuan, Jianbin Sun, Dan Zhao
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Close layer
Calcium & Bone Metabolism
Discontinuing Denosumab: Can It Be Done Safely? A Review of the Literature
Wei Lin Tay, Donovan Tay
Endocrinol Metab. 2022;37(2):183-194.   Published online April 14, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2021.1369
  • 17,812 View
  • 952 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Denosumab, which has been approved for the treatment of osteoporosis since 2010, is a fully humanised monoclonal antibody against a cytokine, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), involved in bone resorption. Continued use of denosumab results in a potent and sustained decrease in bone turnover, an increase in bone mineral density (BMD), and a reduction in vertebral and hip fractures. The anti-resorptive effects of denosumab are reversible upon cessation, and this reversal is accompanied by a transient marked increase in bone turnover that is associated with bone loss, and of concern, an increased risk of multiple vertebral fractures. In this review, we outline the effects of denosumab withdrawal on bone turnover markers, BMD, histomorphometry, and fracture risk. We provide an update on recent clinical trials that sought to answer how clinicians can transition away from denosumab safely with follow-on therapy to mitigate bone loss and summarise the recommendations of various international guidelines.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Denosumab: A Useful Addition to the Armamentarium for the Management of Male Osteoporosis
    Jijith Krishnan, Sham Santhanam, Bhuwan Singh, Salim Patel, Divya G Bhojwani, Sameer Muchhala
    Cureus.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Enhancing Treatment Success in Osteoporosis: Optimising the Use of Teriparatide

    European Medical Journal.2024; : 49.     CrossRef
  • Loss of lower extremity bone mineral density 1 year after denosumab is discontinued in persons with subacute spinal cord injury
    Christopher M. Cirnigliaro, Michael F. La Fountaine, J. Scott Parrott, Steven C. Kirshblum, Susan J. Sauer, Sue A. Shapses, Isa A. McClure, William A. Bauman
    Osteoporosis International.2023; 34(4): 741.     CrossRef
  • Persistence with Denosumab in Male Osteoporosis Patients: A Real-World, Non-Interventional Multicenter Study
    Chaiho Jeong, Jeongmin Lee, Jinyoung Kim, Jeonghoon Ha, Kwanhoon Jo, Yejee Lim, Mee Kyoung Kim, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Tae-Seo Sohn, Ki-Ho Song, Moo Il Kang, Ki-Hyun Baek
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2023; 38(2): 260.     CrossRef
Close layer

Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism