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Volume 22(2); April 2007
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Review Article
Clinical Implication of Serum TSH Concentration.
Yong Wook Cho
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):87-94.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.87
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  • 21 Download
  • 3 Crossref
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No abstract available.

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  • Investigation of single nucleotide polymorphism in TSH-β and CaSR associated with body weight in Korean native chickens (Gray Brown)
    Dongyep Oh, Jae Jung Ha, Jun Koo Yi, Dae Hyun Kim, Seung Min Oh, Songmi Kim, Kyudong Han, Yong-Soo Park
    Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology.2021; 36(3): 129.     CrossRef
  • The association of Osteoporosis and Thyroid Hormone in euthyroid adults
    Hyun Yoon, Eun-Jin Ryu
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2015; 16(2): 1137.     CrossRef
  • The Change of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Values of Healthy Subjects According to Temperature and Aging
    Sung Su Kim, Dong Hoon Lew, Ja Yoon Choi, Eun Ju Lee, Min Gyo Kim, Kyong Young Kim, Soo Kyoung Kim, Jung Hwa Jung, Jae Hoon Jung, Jong Ryeal Hahm
    Kosin Medical Journal.2014; 29(2): 125.     CrossRef
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Editorial
The Significance of Immunohistochemical Staining in Thyroid Nodule: TPO and Galectin-3.
G Gong
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):95-97.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.95
  • 1,424 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
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Original Articles
p53, p21 and bcl-2 Protein Expressions and the Clinical Significance in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.
Tae Sik Jung, Keun Sook Kim, Young Lyun Oh, Jung Hwa Jung, Eun Young Lee, Hye Seung Jung, Yong Ki Min, Myung Shik Lee, Moon Kyu Lee, Kwang Won Kim, Jae Hoon Chung
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):98-104.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.98
  • 1,941 View
  • 18 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
There have been some investigations concerning the role of p53, p21 and bcl-2 protein expressions for the tumorigenesis of thyroid cancer. It had been debated that these protein expressions were associated with aggressive features of papillary thyroid carcinoma. We studied to evaluate the prevalence of these protein expressions and their clinical significances in papillary thyroid carcinoma. METHODS: We selected 49 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma who had been operated on at Samsung Medical Center during the last 10 years. Immunohistochemical staining for p53, p21 and bcl-2 was done by the use of paraffin embedded tissues. We analyzed the results of immunohistochemical staining for p53, p21 and bcl-2 and the correlation with the patients' age, gender, tumor size, multifocality, tumor invasion to both lobes, extrathyroidal invasion, cervical lymph node invasion, distant metastasis and the clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical staining for p53 was positive in 10 patients (20%), p21 was positive in 36 patients (73%) and bcl-2 was positive in 18 patients (37%). The p53 and bcl-2 expressions were not associated with the clinical parameters. Tumor multifocality and extrathyroidal invasion were significantly higher in the p21 positive group (both P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study showed that the p21 protein expression was associated with tumor multifocality and extrathyroidal invasion in the patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. Immunohistochemical stains for p21 may be used as a parameter for tumor aggressiveness in papillary thyroid carcinoma.

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  • Clinicopathologic and Diagnostic Significance of p53 Protein Expression in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
    Mi Kyung Shin, Jeong Won Kim
    Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention.2014; 15(5): 2341.     CrossRef
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Galectin-3 and Thyroid Peroxidase Expression in Thyroid Nodules.
Gyu Hwan Bae, Hyun Dae Yoon, Jong Yup Bae, Ho Sang Son, Eui Dal Jung, Sung Pyo Hong, Myung Hwan Kim, Sun Ah Lee, Hyun Sook Kim, Sun Young Ahn
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):105-111.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.105
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  • 20 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The accurate diagnosis of a thyroid nodule is important in deciding a patient's treatment plan and for predicting the prognosis. The histopathological diagnosis of resected specimens are largely positively accomplished, but the consistency of the diagnosis is low when the specimen shows a small carcinomatous cytological feature or the nodule does not express papillary proliferation. Therefore, the need for supplementary diagnostic measures is increased. Herein, the expressions of galectin-3 and thyroid peroxidase (TPO) of resected specimens were investigated using immunohistochemical staining, and their potential for contributing to an accurate diagnosis studied. METHODS: The specimens included 195 resected thyroid nodules obtained from 179 patients having undergone thyroid surgery. Immunohistochemical staining for two useful antibodies, galectin-3 and TPO, were performed, and the expressions of these two antibodies investigated with regard to the histological diagnosis. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of galectin-3 and TPO for detecting papillary carcinomas were all 100%, but these values were low for other forms of carcinoma. CONCLUSION: Our data showed the diagnosis of thyroid nodules, using immunohistochemical staining for galectin-3 and TPO, was very useful for detecting thyroid papillary carcinoma, but insufficiently sensitive for follicular carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining for TPO is also useful for distinguishing cases when a false positive result for galectin-3 is obtained.

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  • Immunohistochemical Expression of CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 and Galectin-3 in Follicular Tumors of Thyroid
    Ji Eun Park, Bu Kyung Kim, Sangeon Gwoo, Yo-Han Park, Young Sik Choi, Young Ok Kim
    Journal of Korean Thyroid Association.2012; 5(1): 45.     CrossRef
  • The Significance of Immunohistochemical Staining in Thyroid Nodule: TPO and Galectin-3
    G Gong
    Journal of Korean Endocrine Society.2007; 22(2): 95.     CrossRef
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Prevalence of Thyroid Nodules Detected by Ultrasonography in Adult Men Attending Health Check-ups.
Jung Hyun Kim, Sang Jun Park, Sang Eok Kim, Kwang Hee Lee, Il Kwon Cho, Sun Ik Jang, Jin Kwan Lee, Keum Soo Seo, Hyuck Po Kwon, Sung Chang Chung
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):112-117.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.112
  • 2,181 View
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  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Thyroid nodules are a common disease in clinical practice. The prevalence of thyroid nodules has recently been increased by according to the development of thyroid ultrasonography. Thyroid nodules are more commonly found in women, but the potential for malignant nodules is much higher in men. So, we aimed to focus on the prevalence of thyroid nodules in the adult male population. METHODS: We studied men over the age of 30 who visited our health care center for routine health check-ups from January, 2005 to December, 2005. After excluding the patients with previous thyroid disorders, 1081 men were selected to undergo thyroid ultrasonography for detecting the presence of thyroid nodules. If nodules were found, then their size and numbers were recorded. These data were then correlated with the age of the patients. If needed, ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration was performed. RESULTS: Among the 1,081 subjects, thyroid nodules were detected in 152 (14.1%) with its prevalence increasing with the increasing age of the patients (age 30 to 49: 12.3%, over 50: 17.2%, P = 0.026). Among these study subjects, nodules larger than 5 mm in size were detected in 99 patients and fine needle aspirations were performed on 53 of these patients. Six patients were diagnosed with papillary carcinoma. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of thyroid nodules in the male population was 14.1%, with an increasing prevalence in the over 50 age group.

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  • The Prevalence of Thyroid Nodules and the Morphological Analysis of Malignant Nodules on Ultrasonography
    An Hyun, Ji Tae-jeong, Lee Hyo-young, Im In-chul
    Journal of Radiological Science and Technology.2019; 42(3): 201.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of thyroid nodules and their associated clinical parameters: a large-scale, multicenter-based health checkup study
    Jae Hoon Moon, Min Kyung Hyun, Ja Youn Lee, Jung Im Shim, Tae Hyuk Kim, Hoon Sung Choi, Hwa Young Ahn, Kyung Won Kim, Do Joon Park, Young Joo Park, Ka Hee Yi
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2018; 33(4): 753.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Annual Incidence of Thyroid Disease in Korea from 2006 to 2015: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study
    Hyemi Kwon, Jin-hyung Jung, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Jung-Hwan Cho, Da Young Lee, Ji Min Han, Se Eun Park, Eun-Jung Rhee, Won-Young Lee
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2018; 33(2): 260.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Characteristics and Incidence of Thyroid Nodule in the Male Population for Health Check-up
    Yeon Jin Jeon, Young Teag Koh, Seung Jong Oh, Min Young Koo
    Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery.2015; 15(4): 93.     CrossRef
  • An Iodine Database for Common Korean Foods and the Association between Iodine Intake and Thyroid Disease in Korean Adults
    Mi-Rhan Han, Dal Lae Ju, Young Joo Park, Hee-Young Paik, YoonJu Song
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2015; 8(2): 170.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Characteristics and Incidence of Thyroid Nodule in the Male Population for Health Check-up
    Yeon Jin Jeon, Young Teag Koh, Seung Jong Oh, Min Young Koo
    Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery.2015; 15(4): 93.     CrossRef
  • Screening of Thyroid Cancer and Management of Thyroid Incidentaloma
    Jung Jin Cho
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2010; 31(2): 87.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Thyroid Nodules Detected by Ultrasonography in Adults for Health Check-Ups and Analysis of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology
    Won Jun Kim, Joo Hyong Kim, Dong Won Park, Chang Beom Lee, Yong Soo Park, Dong Sum Kim, Woong Hwan Choi, Tae Wha Kim, You Hern Ahn
    Journal of Korean Endocrine Society.2008; 23(6): 413.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Thyroid Nodules Detected by Ultrasonography in Adults for Health Check-up and Analysis of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology
    Jae Hoon Chung
    Journal of Korean Endocrine Society.2008; 23(6): 391.     CrossRef
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Case Reports
A Novel Mutation of the Vasopressin-Neurophysin II Gene in a Familial Neurohypophyseal Diabetes Insipidus.
Mi Jung Kim, Byung Wan Lee, In Kyung Jeong, Jun Goo Kang, Seong Jin Lee, Eun Gyung Hong, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):118-124.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.118
  • 2,115 View
  • 21 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Autosomal dominant familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (adFNDI) is a rare form of central diabetes insipidus (DI), and this malady is clinically characterized by polydipsia and polyuria, and it is caused by mutation in the vasopressin-neurophysin II. We identified a Korean family that suffered with adFNDI and we found a novel mutation in the NP II molecule. The index subject's DI symptoms dated to childhood, and his familial history was consistent with autosomal transmission. The diagnosis of central DI was done by performing a water deprivation test and a vasopressin challenge test. For molecular analysis, the genomic DNA was extracted and the AVP-NP II gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction from four clinically-affected members and seven clinically-nonaffected members. Genetic analysis of AVP-NP II revealed new a heterozygous missense mutation in exon 2 of the AVP-NP II gene (+1692C > A) and this amino acid substitution (Cys105Stop) was predicted to have occurred in four clinically-affected subjects. In summary, in the present study we have described a novel mutation of the AVP-NPII gene in a Korean family suffering with adFNDI.
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A Case of Pituitary Metastasis of Breast Cancer Presenting as Diabetes Insipidus and Panhypopituitarism.
Jae Wuk Kwak, Byung Soo Jie, Sun Hwa Hong, Ji Hyun Kim, Seung Hwan Lee, Jae Hyung Jo, Hyuk Sang Kwon, Kun Ho Youn, Bong Yun Cha, Ho Young Son
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):125-129.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.125
  • 2,454 View
  • 21 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Metastasis to the pituitary gland from systemic cancer is a rare condition. The breast and lung are the most common sites of primary tumor metastasis. Pituitary metastasis may present with diabetes insipidus, cranial nerve palsy and hypopituitarism, and diabetes insipidus is the most frequent symptom at presentation. We report here on a 44 year-old woman with pituitary metastasis from breast cancer, and she developed central diabetes insipidus and hypopituitarism. The clinical diagnosis was made by performing a water deprivation test, a combined pituitary test and a MRI brain scan, and the latter showed metastatic tumor in the pituitary gland with invasion of the pituitary stalk. Symptomatic relief was obtained with administration of desmopressin; the urine osmolarity was increased with this treatment. We report here on a case of pituitary metastasis from breast cancer and the patient developed central diabetes insipidus and hypopituitarism. We also include a review of the relevant literature.

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  • A Case of Pituitary Metastasis from Breast Cancer That Presented as Left Visual Disturbance
    Young Ha Kim, Beom jun Lee, Kyung Jin Lee, Jin Hee Cho
    Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society.2012; 51(2): 94.     CrossRef
  • A Case of Panhypopituitarism and Central Diabetes Insipidus Caused by Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
    Mi Sun Ahn, Soon Sun Kim, Tae Ho Kim, Seung Jin Han, Dae Jung Kim, Hugh Chul Kim, Se Hyuk Kim, Jae Ho Han, Ho Sung Kim, Yoon-Sok Chung
    Journal of Korean Endocrine Society.2008; 23(4): 260.     CrossRef
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A Case of Kallmann's Syndrome Mildly Presenting as Secondary Amenorrhea.
Na Rae Joo, Cheol Young Park, Hong Ju Moon, Jun Goo Kang, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Yul Lee, Ki Won Oh, Sung woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):130-134.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.130
  • 2,193 View
  • 28 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Kallmann's syndrome is very rare congenital defect in GnRH (gonadotrophin releasing hormone) secretion involving both sexes. The mode of inheritance has not been fully understood. But, including X-linked inheritance, the ratio of incidence between male versus female is 5:1, and there is a few case reports of female Kallmann's syndrome in Korea, especially in internal medicine department. We report a case of 35 year-old female Kallmann's syndrome presenting secondary amenorrhea as a mild presentation.
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Two Cases of Acromegaly with Empty Sella Syndrome Treated by Long-Acting Release Octreotide.
Dong Jin Kim, Young Jin Seo, Nam Hoon Kim, Hye Soo Chung, Chai Ryoung Eun, Hye Jung Choi, Hye Sook Kim, Sae Jeong Yang, Juri Park, Hye Jin Yoo, Soo Yeon Park, Yun Jeong Lee, Ohk Hyun Ryu, Kye Won Lee, Hee Young Kim, Ji A Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):135-141.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.135
  • 2,156 View
  • 27 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Two cases of typical acromegaly with empty sella syndrome presented to our institution. In the natural course of untreated pituitary adenoma, empty sella syndrome may result from necrosis by infarction or from hemorrhage of the pituitary gland. In our patients, the secretion of growth hormone continued in spite of the existence of empty sella syndrome. In one case, we confirmed the hypersecretion of growth hormone from sella by jugular vein sampling. Medical therapy with somatostatin analogue was attempted because there was no obvious mass in the sella. After 6~12 months of treatment with long-acting release octreotide, clinical features in our patients were improved, and the level of growth hormone and IGF-1 were also normalized.
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A Case of Tumor-induced Osteomalacia with Elevated Fibroblast Growth Factor-23.
Hae Sung Kim, Hyun Seung Jung, Hee Jung Kim, Sung Yeon Kim, Sang Wan Kim, Chan Soo Shin, Chong Jai Kim, Seong Yeon Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):142-148.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.142
  • 2,102 View
  • 24 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO), a paraneoplastic disease, is characterized by hypophosphatemia, and caused by renal phosphate wasting inappropriately, normal or decreased 1, 25(OH)2D3 production, and defective calcification of cartilage and bone. Because the removal of the responsible tumor normalizes phosphate metabolism, unidentified humoral phosphaturic factors (phosphatonin) are believed to be responsible for this syndrome. These factors include fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23, secreted frizzled-related protein-4 and matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein. However, no case of TIO producing FGF-23 has been clearly reported in Korea. Herein, a case of TIO producing FGF-23 in a 45-year-old woman is reported. The patient presented with a large tumor on her buttock, with severe bone and muscle pain. A histological examination of the tumor revealed a mixed connective tissue tumor, consisting of deposition of calcified materials and surrounding primitive spindle cells, with prominent vascularity. Whether FGF-23 is a secreted factor, as well as its levels of expression in tumors were investigated. An immunohistochemical study showed the tumor cells to be FGF-23 positive. Furthermore, the levels of serum FGF-23 were extremely high and an RT-PCR analysis, using total RNA from the tumor, revealed the abundant expression of FGF-23 mRNA. After removal of the tumor, all the biochemical and hormonal abnormalities disappeared, with marked symptomatic improvement.

Citations

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  • Change in Patient's Ages Who Took an Adenoidectomy for 30 Years
    Eun Jung Lee, Ji Hoon Kim, Hye Jin Hwang, Min Ki Kim, Min Seok Kang, Kyung-Su Kim
    Journal of Rhinology.2017; 24(1): 8.     CrossRef
  • Dietary assessment according to frequency of food consumed away from home among children and adolescents: Based on the 2010~2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Yong-Suk Kwon, Wan-Soo Hong, Seyoung Ju
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2016; 49(6): 471.     CrossRef
  • Dyslipidemia in Children and Adolescents: When and How to Diagnose and Treat?
    Jung Min Yoon
    Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition.2014; 17(2): 85.     CrossRef
  • Length and Volume of Morphologically Normal Kidneys in Korean Children: Ultrasound Measurement and Estimation Using Body Size
    Jun-Hwee Kim, Myung-Joon Kim, Sok Hwan Lim, Jieun Kim, Mi-Jung Lee
    Korean Journal of Radiology.2013; 14(4): 677.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing Obesity among Adolescent: Analysis of 2011 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Survey
    Young-Ju Jee, Young-Hae Kim
    The Korean Journal of Obesity.2013; 22(1): 39.     CrossRef
  • A Case of Nutritional Osteomalacia in Young Adult Male
    Choong-Kyun Noh, Min-Jeong Lee, Bu Kyung Kim, Yoon-Sok Chung
    Journal of Bone Metabolism.2013; 20(1): 51.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between High Energy/Low Nutrient Food Consumption and Obesity among Korean Children and Adolescents
    Gyu Jin Heo, So-Young Nam, Soo-Kyung Lee, Sang-Jin Chung, Ji hyun Yoon
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2012; 17(2): 226.     CrossRef
  • Changes in Prevalence of Obesity and Underweight among Korean Children and Adolescents: 1998-2008
    Ki Eun Kim, Shin Hye Kim, Sangshin Park, Young-Ho Khang, Mi Jung Park
    The Korean Journal of Obesity.2012; 21(4): 228.     CrossRef
  • A new age-based formula for estimating weight of Korean children
    Jungho Park, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Jae Yun Jung, Jin Hee Lee, Hye Young Jang, Hahn Bom Kim, Ki Jeong Hong
    Resuscitation.2012; 83(9): 1129.     CrossRef
  • Lipid Profiles and Prevalence of Dyslipidemia in Korean Adolescents
    Shin Hye Kim, Byung Chul Ahn, Hyojee Joung, Mi Jung Park
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2012; 27(3): 208.     CrossRef
  • Trends in obesity among Korean children using four different criteria
    Young-Ho Khang, Mi Jung Park
    International Journal of Pediatric Obesity.2011; 6(3-4): 206.     CrossRef
  • Usefulness of the Waist Circumference-to-Height Ratio in Screening for Obesity in Korean Children and Adolescents
    Joo Hyun Gil, Mi Na Lee, Hye Ah Lee, Hyesook Park, Jeong Wan Seo
    Korean Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.2010; 13(2): 180.     CrossRef
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A Case of Graves' Disease with Ulcerative Colitis.
Pil Moon Jung, Mi Young Lee, Jang Hyun Koh, Jang Yeol Shin, Young Goo Shin, Mi Yeion Jo, Choon Hee Chung
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):149-152.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.149
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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism