Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism

clarivate
OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > BROWSE ARTICLES > Author index
Search
Yumi Cho  (Cho Y) 2 Articles
Thyroid
Corrigendum: Abstract and Text Correction. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Reference Range and Prevalence of Thyroid Dysfunction in the Korean Population: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013 to 2015
Won Gu Kim, Won Bae Kim, Gyeongji Woo, Hyejin Kim, Yumi Cho, Tae Yong Kim, Sun Wook Kim, Myung-Hee Shin, Jin Woo Park, Hai-Lin Park, Kyungwon Oh, Jae Hoon Chung
Endocrinol Metab. 2023;38(3):357.   Published online May 16, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2023.301
Corrects: Endocrinol Metab 2017;32(1):106
  • 1,078 View
  • 56 Download
PDFPubReader   ePub   
Close layer
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Reference Range and Prevalence of Thyroid Dysfunction in the Korean Population: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013 to 2015
Won Gu Kim, Won Bae Kim, Gyeongji Woo, Hyejin Kim, Yumi Cho, Tae Yong Kim, Sun Wook Kim, Myung-Hee Shin, Jin Woo Park, Hai-Lin Park, Kyungwon Oh, Jae Hoon Chung
Endocrinol Metab. 2017;32(1):106-114.   Published online January 23, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2017.32.1.106
Correction in: Endocrinol Metab 2023;38(3):357
  • 7,568 View
  • 190 Download
  • 71 Web of Science
  • 78 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

No nationwide epidemiological study evaluating the prevalence of subclinical and overt forms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism has yet been conducted in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate the reference range of serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and the national prevalence of thyroid dysfunctions in Korea.

Methods

Nation-wide cross-sectional data were analyzed from a representative sample of the civilian, non-institutionalized Korean population (n=6,564) who underwent blood testing for thyroid function and anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) as part of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2013 to 2015).

Results

The reference interval of serum TSH in the Korean reference population was 0.62 to 6.68 mIU/L. Based on this reference interval, the prevalence of overt and subclinical hypothyroidism was 0.73% (males 0.40%, females 1.10%) and 3.10% (males 2.26%, females 4.04%), respectively. The prevalence of hypothyroidism increased with age until the age group between 50 to 59 years. Positive TPOAb were found in 7.30% of subjects (males 4.33%, females 10.62%). The prevalence of overt and subclinical hypothyroidism TPOAb-positive subjects was 5.16% and 10.88%, respectively. The prevalence of overt and subclinical hyperthyroidism was 0.54% (males 0.30%, females 0.81%) and 2.98% (males 2.43%, females, 3.59%), respectively.

Conclusion

The Serum TSH reference levels in the Korean population were higher than the corresponding levels in Western countries. Differences were found in the prevalence of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism according to age, sex, and TPOAb positivity. This study provides important baseline information for understanding patterns of thyroid dysfunction and diseases in Korea.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Deciphering the roles of triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) on cardiac electrical remodeling in clinical and experimental hypothyroidism
    Oscar Casis, Leire Echeazarra, Beatriz Sáenz-Díez, Mónica Gallego
    Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry.2024; 80(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and chronic kidney disease: a nationwide population-based study
    Hye Jeong Kim, Sang Joon Park, Hyeong Kyu Park, Dong Won Byun, Kyoil Suh, Myung Hi Yoo
    BMC Nephrology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between iodine intake and metabolic syndrome in euthyroid adult in an iodine-replete area: a nationwide population-based study
    Hye Jeong Kim, Suyeon Park, Sang Joon Park, Hyeong Kyu Park, Dong Won Byun, Kyoil Suh, Myung Hi Yoo
    Endocrine Journal.2023; 70(4): 393.     CrossRef
  • 2023 Korean Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for Patients with Subclinical Hypothyroidism
    Hyun Kyung Chung, Eu Jeong Ku, Won Sang Yoo, Yea Eun Kang, Kyeong Jin Kim, Bo Hyun Kim, Tae-Yong Kim, Young Joo Park, Chang Ho Ahn, Jee Hee Yoon, Eun Kyung Lee, Jong Min Lee, Eui Dal Jung, Jae Hoon Chung, Yun Jae Chung, Won Bae Kim, Ka Hee Yi, Ho-Cheol Ka
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2023; 16(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • The Current Status of Hyperthyroidism in Korea
    Hyemi Kwon
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2023; 38(4): 392.     CrossRef
  • Management of Subclinical Hypothyroidism: A Focus on Proven Health Effects in the 2023 Korean Thyroid Association Guidelines
    Eu Jeong Ku, Won Sang Yoo, Hyun Kyung Chung
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2023; 38(4): 381.     CrossRef
  • Association between shift work and the risk of hypothyroidism in adult male workers in Korea: a cohort study
    Seonghyeon Kwon, Yesung Lee, Eunhye Seo, Daehoon Kim, Jaehong Lee, Youshik Jeong, Jihoon Kim, Jinsook Jeong, Woncheol Lee
    Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Depressão e hipotireoidismo: Uma revisão sistemática
    Eduarda Silva Souza, Rosangela Soares Chriguer, Maria Cristina Mazzaia
    Revista Portuguesa de Investigação Comportamental e Social.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Results from Eight Different Reagents and Assay-Specific Korean Reference Interval for Subclinical Hypothyroidism Treatment
    Won Sang Yoo, Sollip Kim, Young Joo Park, Sang Hoon Song, Kyunghoon Lee, Eun Kyung Lee, Jehoon Lee, Ho-Young Lee, Yun Jae Chung, Hyun Kyung Chung, Jin Chul Paeng, Minje Han, Ho-Cheol Kang
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2023; 16(2): 166.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Five Different Criteria for Diagnosis of Subclinical Hypothyroidism in a Large-Scale Chinese Population
    Yan-song Zheng, Sheng-yong Dong, Yan Gong, Jia-hong Wang, Fei Wang, Qiang Zeng
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association of thyroid autoimmunity with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in euthyroid middle‐aged subjects: A population‐based study
    Hye Jeong Kim, Sang Joon Park, Hyeong Kyu Park, Dong Won Byun, Kyoil Suh, Myung Hi Yoo
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.2022; 37(8): 1617.     CrossRef
  • Heart Failure and Stroke Risks in Users of Liothyronine With or Without Levothyroxine Compared with Levothyroxine Alone: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis
    Wook Yi, Bo Hyun Kim, Mijin Kim, Jinmi Kim, Myungsoo Im, Soree Ryang, Eun Heui Kim, Yun Kyung Jeon, Sang Soo Kim, In Joo Kim
    Thyroid.2022; 32(7): 764.     CrossRef
  • Association of free thyroxine with obstructive lung pattern in euthyroid middle-aged subjects: A population-based study
    Hye Jeong Kim, Sang Joon Park, Hyeong Kyu Park, Dong Won Byun, Kyoil Suh, Myung Hi Yoo, Dong Keon Yon
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(7): e0270126.     CrossRef
  • Long working hours and the risk of hypothyroidism in healthy Korean workers: a cohort study
    Yesung Lee, Woncheol Lee, Hyoung-Ryoul Kim
    Epidemiology and Health.2022; 44: e2022104.     CrossRef
  • Association of breastfeeding with thyroid function and autoimmunity in postmenopausal women
    Sung-Woo Kim, Ji-Hyun Lee, Ho-Sang Shon, Eonju Jeon, Tae-Yong Kim
    Endocrine.2021; 71(1): 130.     CrossRef
  • Distributions of serum thyroid-stimulating hormone in 2020 thyroid disease-free adults from areas with different iodine levels: a cross-sectional survey in China
    B. Ren, S. Wan, L. Liu, M. Qu, H. Wu, H. Shen
    Journal of Endocrinological Investigation.2021; 44(5): 1001.     CrossRef
  • Low Thyroid-stimulating Hormone Levels Are Associated With Annoying Tinnitus in Adult Women: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys
    So Young Kim, Chanyang Min, Hyung-Jong Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
    Otology & Neurotology.2021; 42(4): e408.     CrossRef
  • Risk of All-Cause Mortality in Levothyroxine-Treated Hypothyroid Patients: A Nationwide Korean Cohort Study
    Seo Young Sohn, Gi Hyeon Seo, Jae Hoon Chung
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Decreased Expression of Ileal Thyroid Hormone Transporters in a Hypothyroid Patient: A Case Report
    Chae Won Chung, Eun Young Mo, Gyung Seo Jung, Yoo Hyung Kim, Sun Wook Cho, Do Joon Park, Jeong Mo Bae, Young Joo Park
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 20th anniversary: accomplishments and future directions
    Kyungwon Oh, Yoonjung Kim, Sanghui Kweon, Soyeon Kim, Sungha Yun, Suyeon Park, Yeon-Kyeng Lee, Youngtaek Kim, Ok Park, Eun Kyeong Jeong
    Epidemiology and Health.2021; 43: e2021025.     CrossRef
  • Association between triglyceride-glucose index and thyroid function in euthyroid adults: The Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2015
    Wonsuk Choi, Ji Yong Park, A. Ram Hong, Jee Hee Yoon, Hee Kyung Kim, Ho-Cheol Kang, Sun Young Lee
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(7): e0254630.     CrossRef
  • Association between Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Incident Hypertension in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Jean Kim, Narut Prasitlumkum, Sandeep Randhawa, Dipanjan Banerjee
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2021; 10(15): 3318.     CrossRef
  • Sex Difference in the Association between Sleep Duration and Thyroid Disease among South Korean Adults
    Jeong Hyun Ahn, Jin Young Nam, Soojin Park
    Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics.2021; 46(3): 337.     CrossRef
  • The Association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index and Thyroid Function in U.S. Adult Males
    Nuozhou Liu, Fang Ma, Ying Feng, Xue Ma
    Nutrients.2021; 13(10): 3330.     CrossRef
  • T4+T3 Combination Therapy: An Unsolved Problem of Increasing Magnitude and Complexity
    Wilmar M. Wiersinga
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(5): 938.     CrossRef
  • Association between thyroid hormones and insulin resistance indices based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Yun Mi Choi, Min Kyung Kim, Mi Kyung Kwak, Dooman Kim, Eun-Gyoung Hong
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Implication of thyroid function in periodontitis: a nationwide population-based study
    Eyun Song, Min Jeong Park, Jung A. Kim, Eun Roh, Ji Hee Yu, Nam Hoon Kim, Hye Jin Yoo, Ji A. Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Sei Hyun Baik, Kyung Mook Choi
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between thyroid hormone and components of metabolic syndrome in euthyroid Korean adults
    Kyung A. Shin, Eun Jae Kim
    Medicine.2021; 100(51): e28409.     CrossRef
  • Association between Serum Free Thyroxine and Anemia in Euthyroid Adults: A Nationwide Study
    Mijin Kim, Bo Hyun Kim, Hyungi Lee, Min Hee Jang, Jeong Mi Kim, Eun Heui Kim, Yun Kyung Jeon, Sang Soo Kim, In Joo Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2020; 35(1): 106.     CrossRef
  • Unmet Clinical Needs in the Treatment of Patients with Thyroid Cancer
    Won Bae Kim, Min Ji Jeon, Won Gu Kim, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2020; 35(1): 14.     CrossRef
  • Long Work Hours Are Associated with Hypothyroidism: A Cross-Sectional Study with Population-Representative Data
    Young Ki Lee, Dong-eun Lee, Yul Hwangbo, You Jin Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Eun Kyung Lee
    Thyroid.2020; 30(10): 1432.     CrossRef
  • Subclinical thyroid dysfunction, bone mineral density, and osteoporosis in a middle-aged Korean population
    K. Lee, S. Lim, H. Park, H.Y. Woo, Y. Chang, E. Sung, H.S. Jung, K.E. Yun, C.W. Kim, S. Ryu, M.J. Kwon
    Osteoporosis International.2020; 31(3): 547.     CrossRef
  • Update on Thyroid Hormone Levels and Thyroid Dysfunction in the Korean Population Based on Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2013 to 2015)
    Jae Hoon Chung
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2020; 35(1): 7.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of the relationship between knee ultrasound and clinical symptoms in patients with thyroid dysfunction
    Bo Young Kim, Sung-Soo Kim, Hyeong Kyu Park, Hyun-Sook Kim
    Journal of International Medical Research.2020; 48(1): 030006051989770.     CrossRef
  • Association between urinary sodium levels and iodine status in Korea
    Jonghwa Ahn, Jang Ho Lee, Jiwoo Lee, Ji Yeon Baek, Eyun Song, Hye-Seon Oh, Mijin Kim, Suyeon Park, Min Ji Jeon, Tae Yong Kim, Won Bae Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Gu Kim
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2020; 35(2): 392.     CrossRef
  • Association of Thyroid Status with Health-Related Quality of Life in Korean Older Adults
    Minjung Han, Seulggie Choi, Sarang Kim, Ahryoung Ko, Joung Sik Son, Sang Min Park
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2020; 41(1): 38.     CrossRef
  • High neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is associated with relapse in Graves’ disease after antithyroid drug therapy
    Mijin Kim, Bo Hyun Kim, Min Hee Jang, Jeong Mi Kim, Eun Heui Kim, Yun Kyung Jeon, Sang Soo Kim, In Joo Kim
    Endocrine.2020; 67(2): 406.     CrossRef
  • Sex differences in subclinical hypothyroidism and associations with metabolic risk factors: a health examination-based study in mainland China
    Li Jiang, Jinman Du, Weizhu Wu, Jianjiang Fang, Jufang Wang, Jinhua Ding
    BMC Endocrine Disorders.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between Serum Free Thyroxine and Anemia in Euthyroid Adults: A Nationwide Study (Endocrinol Metab 2020;35:106-14, Mijin Kim et al.)
    Mijin Kim, Bo Hyun Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2020; 35(3): 669.     CrossRef
  • Urinary Iodine Concentration and Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies in the Korean Population Using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI
    Myung-Chul Chang
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2020; 13(2): 155.     CrossRef
  • Recent Issues Related to Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy
    Jae Hoon Chung
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2020; 13(2): 85.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology of thyroid disorders in the Lifelines Cohort Study (the Netherlands)
    Hanneke J. C. M. Wouters, Sandra N. Slagter, Anneke C. Muller Kobold, Melanie M. van der Klauw, Bruce H. R. Wolffenbuttel, Silvia Naitza
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(11): e0242795.     CrossRef
  • Hipertiroidi Hastalarında Tedavi Öncesi ve Sonrası Trombosit/Lenfosit ve Nötrofil/Lenfosit Oranlarının Değerlendirilmesi
    Çiğdem CİNDOĞLU, Mehmet GÜLER, Mehmet Ali EREN, Tevfik SABUNCU
    Harran Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi.2020; 17(1): 104.     CrossRef
  • Association between Sleep Duration and Subclinical Thyroid Dysfunction Based on Nationally Representative Data
    Woojun Kim, Jeongmin Lee, Jeonghoon Ha, Kwanghoon Jo, Dong-Jun Lim, Jung-Min Lee, Sang-Ah Chang, Moo-Il Kang, Min-Hee Kim
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(11): 2010.     CrossRef
  • High Normal Range of Free Thyroxine is Associated with Decreased Triglycerides and with Increased High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Based on Population Representative Data
    Jeongmin Lee, Jeonghoon Ha, Kwanhoon Jo, Dong-Jun Lim, Jung-Min Lee, Sang-Ah Chang, Moo-Il Kang, Min-Hee Kim
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(6): 758.     CrossRef
  • Association High-Iodine-Containing Seaweed Soup Consumption after Birth and Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Korean Women: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV (2013–2015)
    Hyunsam Kim, Ha Ni Lee, Jeonghoon Ha
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2019; 12(2): 105.     CrossRef
  • Reference Range and Sociodemographic Characteristics of TSH among Reproductive Age Women in Rural China
    Qiang Su, Shikun Zhang, Mei Hu, Qiaomei Wang, Na Liu, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Man Zhang
    Biological Trace Element Research.2019; 189(2): 336.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Thyroid Disease in Patients Surgically Treated for Pituitary Disease
    Kim, Cho, Ku, Jung, Moon, Kim, Shin, Kim, Lee
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(8): 1142.     CrossRef
  • Thyroid Dysfunction in Patients with Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody–associated Vasculitis: A Monocentric Retrospective Study
    JAE YEON KIM, YONG-BEOM PARK, SANG-WON LEE
    The Journal of Rheumatology.2019; 46(9): 1248.     CrossRef
  • Thyroid dysfunction in patients with suspected or documented supraventricular tachyarrhythmia
    Hye Bin Gwag, Ji Eun Jun, Youngjun Park, Seong Soo Lee, Seung-Jung Park, June Soo Kim, Kyoung-Min Park, Young Keun On
    International Journal of Arrhythmia.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between Iodine Nutrition Status and Thyroid Disease-Related Hormone in Korean Adults: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2013–2015)
    Kim, Kwon, Kim, Hong, Park
    Nutrients.2019; 11(11): 2757.     CrossRef
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone levels in the normal range and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus
    T. I. de Vries, L. J. Kappelle, Y. van der Graaf, H. W. de Valk, G. J. de Borst, H. M. Nathoe, F. L. J. Visseren, Jan Westerink
    Acta Diabetologica.2019; 56(4): 431.     CrossRef
  • The Association between Low Vitamin D Status and Autoimmune Thyroid Disease in Korean Premenopausal Women: The 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013–2014
    Choon-Young Kim, Yeon Ji Lee, Ji-Ho Choi, Soo Yeon Lee, Hye Young Lee, Da Hye Jeong, Yeon Jun Choi
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2019; 40(5): 323.     CrossRef
  • Associations between urine iodine and allergic diseases in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013–2015: A STROBE-compliant article
    Young Bok Lee, Ji hyun Lee, Min Ji Kang, Dong Soo Yu, Kyung Do Han, Yong Gyu Park
    Phytomedicine.2019; 62: 152937.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Thyroid Function and Different Obesity Phenotypes in Korean Euthyroid Adults
    Jeong Mi Kim, Bo Hyun Kim, Hyungi Lee, Eun Heui Kim, Mijin Kim, Jong Ho Kim, Yun Kyung Jeon, Sang Soo Kim, In Joo Kim, Yong Ki Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2019; 43(6): 867.     CrossRef
  • Sex-Dependent Association between Weight Change and Thyroid Dysfunction: Population-Level Analysis Using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Eyun Song, Jonghwa Ahn, Hye-Seon Oh, Min Ji Jeon, Won Gu Kim, Won Bae Kim, Young Kee Shong, Tae Yong Kim
    European Thyroid Journal.2019; 8(4): 202.     CrossRef
  • Subclinical Hypothyroidism: is it Really Subclinical with Aging?
    Robin Gourmelon, Sandrine Donadio-Andréi, Karim Chikh, Muriel Rabilloud, Elisabetta Kuczewski, Anne-Sophie Gauchez, Anne Charrié, Pierre-Yves Brard, Raphaëlle Andréani, Jean-Cyril Bourre, Christine Waterlot, Domitille Guédel, Anne Mayer, Emmanuel Disse, C
    Aging and disease.2019; 10(3): 520.     CrossRef
  • Serum thyroid‐stimulating hormone levels and smoking status: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI
    Suyeon Park, Won Gu Kim, Min Ji Jeon, Mijin Kim, Hye‐Seon Oh, Minkyu Han, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Bae Kim
    Clinical Endocrinology.2018; 88(6): 969.     CrossRef
  • Sex-specific genetic influence on thyroid-stimulating hormone and free thyroxine levels, and interactions between measurements: KNHANES 2013–2015
    Young Ki Lee, Dong Yeob Shin, Hyejung Shin, Eun Jig Lee, Silvia Naitza
    PLOS ONE.2018; 13(11): e0207446.     CrossRef
  • Ten Years of the Korean Thyroid Association: Achievement and Future
    Young Joo Park, Young Shin Song, Ka Hee Yi
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2018; 11(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Association between diffuse lymphocytic infiltration and papillary thyroid cancer aggressiveness according to the presence of thyroid peroxidase antibody and BRAFV600E mutation
    Young Ki Lee, Kyeong Hye Park, Se Hee Park, Kwang Joon Kim, Dong Yeob Shin, Kee Hyun Nam, Woong Youn Chung, Eun Jig Lee
    Head & Neck.2018; 40(10): 2271.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Annual Incidence of Thyroid Disease in Korea from 2006 to 2015: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study
    Hyemi Kwon, Jin-hyung Jung, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Jung-Hwan Cho, Da Young Lee, Ji Min Han, Se Eun Park, Eun-Jung Rhee, Won-Young Lee
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2018; 33(2): 260.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Thyroid Hormone Levels and Urinary Iodine Concentrations in Koreans Based on the Data from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2013 to 2015)
    Jae Hoon Chung
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2018; 33(2): 160.     CrossRef
  • Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Reference Ranges in the First Trimester of Pregnancy in an Iodine-Sufficient Country
    Carmen Castillo, Nicole Lustig, Paula Margozzini, Andrea Gomez, María Paulina Rojas, Santiago Muzzo, Lorena Mosso
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2018; 33(4): 466.     CrossRef
  • Male-specific association between subclinical hypothyroidism and the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease estimated by hepatic steatosis index: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013 to 2015
    Jeongmin Lee, Jeonghoon Ha, Kwanhoon Jo, Dong-Jun Lim, Jung-Min Lee, Sang-Ah Chang, Moo-Il Kang, Bong-Yun Cha, Min-Hee Kim
    Scientific Reports.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sex differences in risk factors for subclinical hypothyroidism
    Jeonghoon Ha, Jeongmin Lee, Kwanhoon Jo, Dong-Jun Lim, Moo Il Kang, Bong Yun Cha, Min-Hee Kim
    Endocrine Connections.2018; 7(4): 511.     CrossRef
  • Associations of Urinary Cotinine-Verified Active and Passive Smoking with Thyroid Function: Analysis of Population-Based Nationally Representative Data
    Jihun Kang, Eunhee Kong, Jongsoon Choi
    Thyroid.2018; 28(5): 583.     CrossRef
  • Establishment of Korean Thyroid Association-10 Years of Development in Internal Medicine
    Jae Hoon Chung
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2018; 11(1): 7.     CrossRef
  • Association between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and depressive symptoms in the Korean adult population: The 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim, Osama Ali Abulseoud
    PLOS ONE.2018; 13(8): e0202258.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Thyroid Dysfunction and Lipid Profiles Differs According to Age and Sex: Results from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Hye-Seon Oh, Hyemi Kwon, Jonghwa Ahn, Eyun Song, Suyeon Park, Mijin Kim, Minkyu Han, Min Ji Jeon, Won Gu Kim, Won Bae Kim, Young Kee Shong, Eun-Jung Rhee, Tae Yong Kim
    Thyroid.2018; 28(7): 849.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Subclinical Thyroid Disease and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Score in Koreans
    Hee Joong Lim, Seong Hee Ahn, Seongbin Hong, Young Ju Suh
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2017; 32(10): 1626.     CrossRef
  • Changes in standardized mortality rates from thyroid cancer in Korea between 1985 and 2015: Analysis of Korean national data
    Yun Mi Choi, Won Gu Kim, Hyemi Kwon, Min Ji Jeon, Minkyu Han, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong, Sang Mo Hong, Eun‐Gyoung Hong, Won Bae Kim
    Cancer.2017; 123(24): 4808.     CrossRef
  • Response: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Reference Range and Prevalence of Thyroid Dysfunction in the Korean Population: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013 to 2015 (Endocrinol Metab 2017;32:106-14, Won Gu Kim et al.)
    Won Gu Kim, Jae Hoon Chung
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2017; 32(2): 304.     CrossRef
  • Excessive Iodine Intake and Thyrotropin Reference Interval: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Min Ji Jeon, Won Gu Kim, Hyemi Kwon, Mijin Kim, Suyeon Park, Hye-Seon Oh, Minkyu Han, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Bae Kim
    Thyroid.2017; 27(7): 967.     CrossRef
  • Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and risk of carotid atherosclerosis
    Hosu Kim, Tae Hyuk Kim, Hye In Kim, So Young Park, Young Nam Kim, Seonwoo Kim, Min-Ji Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Jae Hyeon Kim, Moon-Kyu Lee, Yong-Ki Min, Jae Hoon Chung, Mira Kang, Sun Wook Kim, Tatsuo Shimosawa
    PLOS ONE.2017; 12(7): e0182090.     CrossRef
  • Letter: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Reference Range and Prevalence of Thyroid Dysfunction in the Korean Population: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013 to 2015 (Endocrinol Metab 2017;32:106-14, Won Gu Kim et al.)
    Young Ki Lee, Dong Yeob Shin
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2017; 32(2): 302.     CrossRef
  • Vitamin D deficiency affects thyroid autoimmunity and dysfunction in iodine-replete area: Korea national health and nutrition examination survey
    Mijin Kim, Eyun Song, Hye-Seon Oh, Suyeon Park, Hyemi Kwon, Min Ji Jeon, Won Gu Kim, Won Bae Kim, Young Kee Shong, Tae Yong Kim
    Endocrine.2017; 58(2): 332.     CrossRef
  • Viral Hepatitis in South Korea
    Stella C Pak, Yaseen Alastal, Zubair Khan, Umar Darr
    Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology.2017; 7(2): 163.     CrossRef
Close layer

Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism