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Young Soon Kang  (Kang YS) 3 Articles
The Regulation of OPG/OCIF mRNA Epression by IL-1beta in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells.
In Gul Moon, Ho Yeon Chung, Chang Sun Hwang, Young Soon Kang, Mi Sun Chung, Han Jin Oh, Kyu Hong Choi, Sun Woo Kim, Eui Hyun Kim, Youn Yee Kim, Chang Hoon Yim, Ki VOk Han, Hak Chul Jang, Hyun Koo Yoon, In Kwon Han
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2000;15(2):204-213.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Osteoprotegerin(OPG) is a soluble member of the tumor necrosis factor(TNF) receptor family and inhibits osteoclastogenesis by interrupting the cell-to-cell interaction between osteoblastic/stromal cells and osteoclast progenitors. OPG is expressed in many tissues including osteoblasts and may act on bone tissues in a paracrine and/or autocrine fashion. Futhermore, many cytokines and growth factors are known to influence the regulation of OPG expression in osteoblastic/stromal cells. The aims of the present study were to examine whether or not OPG was expressed in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) and to investigate the effects of IL-1beta, which were known as potent osteotropic agents, on the regulation of OPG mRNA in PBMCs. METHODS: PBMCs were isolated by centrifugation over Ficoll-Hypaque density gradients from postmenopausal women and cultured in 6-well plates containing alpha-MEM supplemented with 5% FBS. The expression of OPG mRNA in PBMCs was observed by RT-PCR in adherent and nonadherent cells on culture plates. To observe the effect of OPG expression by IL-1beta, we measured the concentration of OPG mRNA by altering the concentration and incubation time of IL-1beta. The measurement of OPG mRNA was done by semi-quantitative PCR and indicated as OPG/GAPDH. RESULTS: OPG was expressed both in cells attached to the surface of culture plates and in non-adherent cells for the incubation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The effect of OPG mRNA by IL-1beta tend to increase in accordance with the length of incubation time and maximizes at 12 hours of incubation time and shows 1.2-3.5 times higher than the standard level at the concentration of 0.5ng/ml. However, the increased quantity in concentration varies according to individuals.] CONCLUSION: OPG mRNA is expressed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and known to be increased by IL-1beta.
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A Case of the McCune: Albright Syndrome Associated with Activating Mutations of Stimulatory G Protein.
Phil Ho Chung, Jung Kyu Whang, Youn Yee Kim, Ji Ju Whang, Chan Moon Park, Chang Hoon Yim, Ho Yeun Chung, Ki Ok Han, Hak Chul Jang, Hyun Koo Yoon, Hun Ki Min, Sung Ran Hong, Young Soon Kang, In Gul Moon, In Kwon Han
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1999;14(4):779-785.   Published online January 1, 2001
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McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a sporadic disease classically including polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, cafe -au-lait spots, sexual precocity, and other hyperfunctional endocrinopathies. Recent investigations suggest an etiological role for activating embryonic somatic missense mutations in the gene for the a subunit of Gs (Gsa), the G protein that stimulates adenylyl cyclase. DNA from bone, ovary, and blood was analyzed by using polymerase chain reaction and sequenced. A embryological somatic mutation of Gsa gene encoding substitution of a Cys for Arg at amino acid 201 from cells of dysplastic bone and ovary was observed, and the distribution of mutant gene reveals mosaic pattern. We report a case of McCune-Albright syndrome with an activating mutation at codon 201 of Gsa subunit on ovary and bone tissue that was experienced recently.
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Effect of Dexamethasone and Deflazacort on the Function and Gene Expression of the Primary Cultured Human Osteoblast-Like Cells.
Hyun Koo Yoon, In Myung Yang, Sung Woon Kim, Soung Seol Kim, Young Kil Choi, Ho Yeon Chung, Young Soon Kang, In Gul Moon, Chang Hoon Yim, Sang Woo Kim, Ki Ok Han, Hak Chul Chang, In Kwon Han
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1996;11(4):479-491.   Published online November 7, 2019
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Background
Chronic use of glucocorticoid is known to result in osteoporosis. Deflazacort (DFZ), a synthetic glucocorticoid, has been reported to have bone sparing properties in vivo eompared to dexamethasone(DEX). Not only the direct effect of DFZ on human osteoblast but the mechanism by which the drug spares bone remains unclear. This study, therefore, is aimed to investigate the direct effect of DFZ on the proliferation and differentiation of human osteoblast as well as on the gene expression of osteocalcin and osteoblast as well as on the gene expression of osteocalcin and growth factor produced in osteoblast. Methods: Human osteoblast-like cells were cultured from a piece of the tibia removed during selective orthopedic surgery for patients without metabolic bone diseases. The morphological iden- tification of osteoblast-like cell was performed under the light microscope after alkaline phosphatase staining. Cell proliferation rate was determined by [3H] thymidine incorporation into DNA. Cell differentiation was determined by alkaline phophatase activity. mRNA expression was quanti- tatively measured by the competitive reverse transcription-polymerase ehain reaction(RT-PCR). Results: The cultured cells demonstrated 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-induced increases in alkaline phophatase activity and osteocalcin mRNA expression which are the properties of osteoblast. Twenty six percent of the cultured cells were identified as osteoblast-like cells by alkaline phophatase staining. After 24hr incubation with DEX or DFZ, the [3H) thymidine incorporation was significantly inhibited by 100nM DEX or DFL Alkaine phophatase activity was significantly increased by 100nM DEX. Osteocalcin mRNA was significantly decreased by both glueocorticoids. While DEX significantly suppressed expression of asteocalcin mRNA at 10nM and 100nM, DFZ did so only at 100nM. IGF-I mRNA was significantly decreased by 100nM DEX. Conclusion: These results suggest that the inhibitory effect of DFZ on the cell proliferation and protein synthesis is less than that of DEX, which might be responsible for the bone sparing effect of DFZ in vivo.
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