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Young Kun Kim  (Kim YK) 14 Articles
A Case of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type I with Atypical Clinical Course.
Yun Sun Choi, Youn Sun Bai, Bon Jeong Ku, Young Suk Jo, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro, Minho Shong
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2008;23(4):266-271.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2008.23.4.266
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) is characterized by the combined occurrence of primary hyperparathyroidism, enteropancreatic tumors and anterior pituitary adenoma. Yet carcinoid tumors, adrenal adenoma and lipoma might exist simultaneously. Thymic carcinoid tumors, which are recognized as one of the causes of death for patients with MEN 1, are uncommon and their natural history has barely been investigated.

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  • A rare case of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 initially presenting as an asymptomatic, huge mediastinal mass: case report
    Ji Eun Jun, You-Cheol Hwang, Kyu Jeong Ahn, Ho Yeon Chung, In-Kyung Jeong
    BMC Endocrine Disorders.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Case of Asymptomatic Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type I with Thymic Carcinoid
    Suk Ki Park, Moon Won Lee, In Sub Han, Young Joo Park, Sung Yong Han, Joon Woo Park, Bong Eun Lee, Gwang Ha Kim, Sang Soo Kim
    The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research.2019; 19(1): 65.     CrossRef
  • Incidental metastatic mediastinal atypical carcinoid in a patient with parathyroid adenoma: a case report
    Zareen Kiran, Asma Ahmed, Owais Rashid, Saira Fatima, Faizan Malik, Saulat Fatimi, Mubassher Ikram
    Journal of Medical Case Reports.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 Presenting with an Invasive Giant Prolactinoma
    Jinhoon Cha, Jin Seo Kim, Jung Suk Han, Yeon Won Park, Min Joo Kim, Yun Hyi Ku, Hong Il Kim
    The Korean Journal of Medicine.2016; 91(3): 300.     CrossRef
  • Genetic and Epigenetic Analysis in Korean Patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1
    Yoon Jung Chung, Sena Hwang, Jong Ju Jeong, Sun Yong Song, Se Hoon Kim, Yumie Rhee
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2014; 29(3): 270.     CrossRef
  • A Case of Asymptomatic Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 Detected Incidentally on Health Screening
    Pyung-San Cho, Hoon Park, Guk-Haeng Lee, Myung-Chul Lee
    Korean Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.2012; 55(6): 373.     CrossRef
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Change in Thyroid Autoantibodies According to the Clinical Course of Painless Thyroiditis Excluding Postpartum Thyroiditis.
Ihn Suk Lee, Young Suk Jo, Bon Jeong Ku, Minho Shong, Young Kun Kim, Heung kyu Ro
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2008;23(4):245-252.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2008.23.4.245
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BACKGROUND
Painless thyroiditis is characterized by painless, destructive inflammation of the thyroid gland. Although thyroid autoantibodies are frequently detected in patients suffering from this condition, the clinical significance of these antibodies is not well understood. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between thyroid function and thyroid autoantibodies in painless thyroiditis according to clinical course. METHODS: Patients proven to have painless thyroiditis were retrospectively included in this study. We analyzed their clinical features, thyroid function and titers of thyroid autoantibodies according to clinical course, which was divided into three phases; thyrotoxic, hypothyroid and recovery. RESULTS: Of the 21 patients included in this study, 2 were male and 19 were female. During the thyrotoxic phase, the mean free T4 concentration was 4.03 (2~6.8) ng/mL and the mean concentration of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was 0.02 (0.01~0.07) U/mL. In addition, the titer of antithyroglobulin antibody and antithyroid peroxidase antibody was 298 (4.8~995) U/mL and 3318 (0.1~25280) U/mL, respectively during this phase. During the hypothyroid phase, the mean TSH was 16.3 (4.3-49.5) U/mL and was found to be positively correlated with the level of free T4 observed during the thyrotoxic phase (r = 0.523, P = 0.031). During the recovery phase, the titer of antithyroglobulin antibody was significantly reduced to 180 (38~487) U/mL when compared with the titer taken during the thyrotoxic phase (P = 0.016). Additionally, during the hypothyroid phase, patients found to have antithyroid peroxidase antibody had a higher titer of TSH than those that did not (23.9 (6.5~49.5) vs. 11.2 (5.3~18.2) U/mL, P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: The titer of free T4 and the presence of antithyroid peroxidase observed during the thyrotoxic phase were related to the titer of TSH during hypothyroid phase. Additionally, the titer of antithyroglobulin antibody was significantly reduced during the recovery phase.
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The Relationship between the Expression of MHC Class II Antigens and the Clinical Prognosis of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Patients.
Jun Chul Lee, Seul Young Kim, Yun Sun Choi, Youn Sun Bai, Yun Jeung Kim, Ihn Suk Lee, Ki Hyun Kwon, So Young Rha, Bon Jeong Ku, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro, Shengjin Li, Jin Man Kim, Young Suk Jo, Minho Shong
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(1):26-34.   Published online February 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.1.26
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BACKGROUND
Papillary thyroid carcinoma is among the most curable cancers, but some patients are at high risk for recurrence or even death. MHC antigens are essential molecules for the pathogenesis of carcinoma and also the physiologic immune responses against tumor. However, there is no data about the relationship between the expression of MHC antigens and the clinical prognosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma patients. METHODS: We analyzed the relationship between the various prognostic factors and the MHC antigen expression by conducting a retrospective study of 215 patients, who had undergone thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma between 1987 and 2003. RESULTS: The expressions of MHC class II antigens were more frequent in papillary thyroid carcinoma than in the other thyroid diseases. Yet there was no statistically significant relationship between most of the clinicopathological factors and the expression of MHC class II antigens in papillary thyroid carcinoma patients. Interestingly, an HLA-DR expression was found in 8 (30.8%) of the 26 patients in the recurrence group and in 13 (76.5%) of the 17 patients in the non-recurrence group, and HLA-DP/DQ immunoreactivity was positive in 10 (38.5%) cases of the recurrence group and in 14 (82.4%) cases of the non-recurrence group. CONCLUSION: Papillary thyroid carcinoma showed a more frequent expression of MHC Class II antigens. However, the recurred papillary thyroid carcinoma showed a tendency to downregulate the expression of MHC class II antigens. Hence, the molecular mechanism for the expression of MHC class II antigens might have a role in the recurrence of papillary thyroid carcinoma.
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The Relationship between the BRAF Mutations in Thyroid Papillary Carcinomas and the Prognostic Factors.
So Young Rha, Jun Chul Lee, Ki Hyun Kwon, Hyo Jin Lee, Koon Soon Kim, Young Suk Jo, Bon Jeong Ku, Minho Shong, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2005;20(3):224-229.   Published online June 1, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2005.20.3.224
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Thyroid cancers account for about 1% of all human malignancies, with papillary thyroid carcinomas being the most common istotype. Several investigators have recently identified the most common BRAF mutation, the T1796A transversion mutation, in 29~69% of papillary thyroid cancers. The BRAF mutation has been demonstrated as a novel prognostic biomarker for the prediction of poor clinicopathological outcomes, such as increased incidence of extrathyroid invasion and distant metastasis of the tumor. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of the BRAF mutation of thyroid tissues obtained by a thyroidectomy, and its correlation with the clinicopathological outcomes. METHODS: We studied 36 thyroid tissues obtained from 24 women and 12 men by thyroidectomies, including 30 papillary carcinomas, 3 follicular carcinomas, 1 medullary carcinoma and 2 nodular hyperplasia. The mutation was sought in all specimens using DNA sequencing. RESULTS: We studied the BRAF exon 15 T1796A in these 36 thyroid tissues. The mean age at surgery was 46.6, ranging from 18 to 72 years, with a median tumor size of 2.79, ranging from 1.5 to 4.5cm. At the time of diagnosis, 27 of the 34 patients presented with some kind of extrathyroidal invasion of the tumor, and 16 had lymph node metastases. 16, 2 and 16 patients were in stages I, II and III, respectively. There was no distant metastasis. A missense mutation was found at T1796A in exon 15 in 21 of the 30 papillary carcinomas(70%). The other thyroid diseases, including the 3 follicular carcinomas, 1 medullary carcinoma and 2 nodular hyperplasia show no exon 15 T1759A transversion mutation. No statistically significant association was found between the BRAF mutations and clinicopathological characteristics of papillary carcinomas. CONCLUSION: The BRAF mutation is a important genetic alteration, with a high prevalence in papillary thyroid carcinomas. However, there was no significant association between the BRAF mutation and any of the clinicopathological factors. Further, large scale studies will be needed to evaluate the correlation between the BRAF mutation and the clinicopathological factors

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  • Detection of Plasma BRAFV600EMutation Is Associated with Lung Metastasis in Papillary Thyroid Carcinomas
    Bo Hyun Kim, In Joo Kim, Byung Joo Lee, Jin Choon Lee, In Suk Kim, Seong-Jang Kim, Won Jin Kim, Yun Kyung Jeon, Sang Soo Kim, Yong Ki Kim
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2015; 56(3): 634.     CrossRef
  • Diagnostic Effectiveness of PCR-based Tests DetectingBRAFMutation for Treating Malignant Melanoma: A Systematic Review
    Hae-Won Shin, Ryeo-Jin Ko, Min Lee, Hee-Young Bang, Kye-Chul Kwon, Jong-Woo Park, Sun-Hoe Koo
    Laboratory Medicine Online.2014; 4(4): 203.     CrossRef
  • BRAFV600E mutation does not serve as a prognostic factor in Korean patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma
    Dongbin Ahn, June Sik Park, Jin Ho Sohn, Jae Hyug Kim, Sun-Kyun Park, An Na Seo, Ji Young Park
    Auris Nasus Larynx.2012; 39(2): 198.     CrossRef
  • The Frequency ofBRAFMutation in Very Small Papillary Thyroid Carcinomas
    Taeeun Kim, Ji-Hyun Roh, Hee-Jung Park, Jee Eun Kwon, So-Young Kang, Yoon-La Choi, Young Lyun Oh
    The Korean Journal of Pathology.2010; 44(3): 308.     CrossRef
  • ras Mutation in Korean Papillary Thyroid Carcinomas
    Jung Hwa Jung, Keun-Sook Kim, Tae Sik Jung, Young Lyun Oh, Hye Won Jang, Hye Seung Jung, Yong-Ki Min, Myung-Shik Lee, Moon-Kyu Lee, Kwang-Won Kim, Jae Hoon Chung
    Journal of Korean Endocrine Society.2007; 22(3): 203.     CrossRef
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The Adequacy of Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration in Thyroid Nodules.
Hyo Jin Lee, So Young Rha, Ki Hyun Kwon, Jun Chul Lee, Koon Soon Kim, Young Suk Jo, Bon Jeong Ku, Minho Shong, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2005;20(2):154-159.   Published online April 1, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2005.20.2.154
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Fine needle aspiration(FNA) is an accurate and safe method for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. One of the limitations of FNA is the variable rate of unsatisfactory specimens, especially in small sized, deep seated or complex cystic nodules. To overcome this problem, ultrasound-guided FNA(US-FNA) has been widely used. In this study, the adequacy of cytologic specimens by US-FNA was compared with that of conventional palpation-guided FNA(P-FNA). METHODS: The medical records of all patients who were engaged in FNA due to thyroid nodules at Chungnam National University Hospital from January 2003 to July 2004 were retrospectively examined. The US-FNA and P-FNA were performed in 114 and 185 patients, respectively. RESULTS: Comparison of the adequacy of the two techniques in providing sufficient material for the cytologic diagnosis showed that specimens in 24(13.0%) and 6(5.3%) patients collected by P-FNA and US-FNA, respectively, were unsatisfactory(P=0.031). A total of 23 patients underwent thyroid surgery due to strong suspicion of malignancy at cytologic finding and/or on clinical judgement. Seventeen patients belonged to the P-FNA group and 6 patients to the US-FNA group. In the P-FNA group, a histologic diagnosis revealed two false-negative cytologic findings, but no false-negative findings were found in the US-FNA group. CONCLUSION: Compared with P-FNA, US-FNA may reduce the possibility of unsatisfactory cytologic specimens and the rate of false-negative diagnosis, and may improve the diagnostic accuracy in investigating thyroid nodules

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  • Prevalence of Thyroid Nodules Detected by Ultrasonography in Adults for Health Check-up and Analysis of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology
    Jae Hoon Chung
    Journal of Korean Endocrine Society.2008; 23(6): 391.     CrossRef
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Introduction.
Young Kun Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2004;19(3):229-230.   Published online June 1, 2004
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No abstract available.
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Peroxiredoxin I and II are Involved in Hydrogen Peroxide Regulation in FRTL-5 Thyroid Cells.
Ho Kim, Tae Hoon Lee, Eun Shin Park, Jae Mi Suh, Soo Jung Park, Hyo Kyun Chung, Hyun Jin Kim, Soo Hong Chae, Do Hee Kim, O Yu Kwon, Young Kun Kim, Min Ho Shong, Heung Kyu Ro
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2000;15(1):55-69.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Peroxiredoxins (Prx) play an important role in regulating cellular differentiation and proliferation in several types of mammalian cells. One mechanism for this action involves modulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-mediated cellular responses. This report examines the expression of Prx I and Prx II in thyroid cells and their roles in eliminating H2O2 produced in response to TSH. METHODS: The expression of Prx-I and Prx-II were quantiated in FRTL-5 after stimulation with Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), Forskolin (FSK), Methimazole (MMI) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Transient transfections were carried out with FRTL-5 cells at 80% confluency and 20microgram of pCRprx I and pCRprx II or equivalent molar amounts of the pCR3.1TM basic vector. Transient transfection used an electroporation technique. Intracellular H2O2 was assayed in FRTL-5 cells with a fluorescent dye, 2', 7'-dichlorofluoresceindiacetate (DCFH-DA). Apoptosis of cells were evaluated by using an detection kit (Promega, Inc., Madison, WI). RESULTS: Prx I and Prx II are constitutively expressed in FRTL-5 thyroid cells. Prx I expression, but not Prx II expression, is stimulated by exposure to TSH and H2O2. In addition, methimazole (MMI) induces a high level of Prx I mRNA and protein in these cells. Overexpression of Prx I and Prx II enhance the elimination of H2O2 produced by TSH in FRTL-5 cells. Treatment with 500microM H2O2 causes apoptosis in FRTL-5 cells as evidenced by standard assays of apoptosis (i.e., terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase deoxyuridine triphosphate-biotin nick end-labeling (TUNEL), BAX expression and PARP cleavage. Overexpression of Prx I and Prx II reduces the amount of H2O2-induced apoptosis measured by these assays. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that Prx I and Prx II are involved in the removal of H2O2 in thyroid cells, and can protect these cells from undergoing apoptosis. These proteins are likely to be involved in the normal physiological response to TSH-induced production of H2O2 in thyroid cells.
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Differential Roles of Transcriptional Coactivators: CBP and CIITA on GAS (Interferon-r Activated Site) - Mediated Transcription in Thyroid Cells.
Eun Shin Park, Ho Kim, Soon Hee You, Soo Jung Park, Hyun Jin Kim, Soo Heung Chae, Do Hee Kim, Hee Jeong Han, O Yu Kwon, Young Kun Kim, Minbo Shong, Heung Kyu Ro
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1999;14(3):493-504.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
In the previous studies, we identified that the interferon-gamma activated sequence (GAS) in the 5-flanking region of rat ICAM-1 gene is major element for interferon-y-inducible expression of the gene in rat thyroid cells, FRTL-5. We here, investigated the role of transcriptional coactivators, CBP (CREB binding protein) and CIITA (class II transactivator) in the modulation of the activity of GAS which could interacts with signal transducers and activators of transcription-1 and 3 (STAT1 and STAT3). METHODS: The expression of CBP RNA and protein were quantitated in FRTL-5 after stimulation with interferon-y (IFN-gamma), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), forskolin and methimazole. Direct association of CBP with STAT were analyzed by irnmunoprecipitation. The transcriptional roles of CBP and CIITA in the regulation of GAS were assessed by the cotransfection with their expression vectors with reporters; 5-deletion constructs of rat ICAM-1 promoter or 8xGAS-luc constructs, into FRTL-5 thyroid cells. RESULTS: The level of CBP RNA and protein were not changed by the treatment with TSH, IFN-y, forskolin and methimazole in FRTL-5, FRT and BRL liver cells. The CBP could be directly associated with STAT1. Furthernmore, the overexpression of CBP significantly increases the both promoter activities; rat ICAM-1 gene promoter which has GAS element and 8xGAS-luc cassette constructs. However the cotransfection of CI1TA decreased the constitutive and CBP-mediated transactivation of rat ICAM-1 promoter and SxGAS-luc cassette constructs. CONCLUSION: We identified that the two transcriptional coactivators; CBP and CIITA has differential roles in the regulation of transcriptional activity of GAS drived promoter. CBP increases the GAS activity through the direct binding with STATl, but CIITA inhibited the CBP-mediated transactivation of GAS activity.
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Serum Leptin Levels in Patients with Thyroid Dysfunction.
Min hO Song, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro, Hee Jung Han, Won Chan Joo, Jin Ho Won, Yoon Kim, Hyun Jin Kim, Soo Heung Chae
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1999;14(2):372-378.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Leptin, the product of ob gene, is an important circulating hormone for the regulation of homeostasis of body weight and enegy expenditure. There was a previous reports that thyroid hormone is one of regulating factors of leptin gene expression in vitro. The aim of this study was designed to evaluate the role of thyroid hormone levels in the regulation of circulating leptin concentrations in human. METHODS: A total 16S subjects were studied; 76 patients with Graves disease, 49 patients with Hashimoto disease and 43 control sujjects. The correlation between thryoid hormone and leptin levels were analyzed and serum leptin levels were compared among the groups which was classified by thyroid functional status. Serum leptin concentratios were measured by radioimmunoassay. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in serum leptin levels between the groups of control, Graves disease and Hashimoto disease. The hypothyroid groups of Graves disease which was induced by excessive antithyroid drug treatment showed significant low levels(5.6 +/-2.8 ng/mL) compared to control(9.6 +/- 5.2 ng/ml) and thyrotoxic groups(10.0 +/- 5,0 ng/mL) CONCLUSION: The hypothyroid patients showed low levels of serum leptin concentrations it may indicate that thyroid horrnone play a role in the appropriate secretion of leptin in human.
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Thyrotropin Suppresses INF-r Mediated Gene Expression by Inhibiting Signal Transducer and Activation of Transcription 1(STAT1) Activity in FRTL-5 Cells.
Min Ho Song, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro, Eun Shin Park, Soon Hee Yoo, Ho Kim, Kang Wook Lee, Hee Jung Han, Won Chan Joo, Jin Ho Won, Kyu Lim, Oh Yoo Kwon
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1998;13(4):536-553.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
The proinflammatory cytokine, IFN-y has been shown to exert pleiotropic effects in a variety of pathophysiologic conditions in autoimmune thyroid disease. The thyrocyte response to IFN-y is mediated two distinct classes of proteins, Janus kinases(Jakl and Jak2) and Signal Transducers and Activation of Transcription(STATl). The activation of STAT 1 is involved in the regulation of many interferon stimulated genes, such as MHC class II, intercellular adhesion molecules-1(ICAM-1) and MHC class II transactivator(CIITA) after the binding to the GASgFN- pactivated site) of the gene promoters. Recently we found TSH/forskolin inhibits IFN-y stimulated maximal expression of ICAM-1 in FRTL-5 cell. IFN-y action is localized between -175 bp and -97 bp from the start of translation of ICAM-1 gene which contains regulatory elements known to be involved in IFN-y action in other eukaryotic cells, palindromic IFN-y activated site(GAS)(5-TTTCCGGGAAA-3) which could bind STAT1, STAT3, STAT5, STAT6. Furthermore, the addition of TSH and forskolin causes a decrease in ICAM-1 promoter activity and its action was localized in GAS. These findings suggested TSH/cAMP signaling pathways downregulate IFN-y activated Janus kinase-STAT signaling path. We wanted to explore the possible involvement of elevated cAMP in the negative regulation of IFN-y induced STAT1 activation in thyroid cells. METHOD: We made several 5-deletion constructs of rat ICAM-1 promoter and analyzed the promoter activities by measuring the luciferase activity after tranfection into FRTL-5 cells. The protein/DNA complex was measured by electrophoretic mobility shift analysis using labeled oligonucleotide. We checked the level of total and phosphorylated STATl protein by immunoblot analysis using specific antibodies. RESULTS: Stimulation of IFN-y in FRTL-5 cells resulted in rapid activation of STATl/DNA binding activity, which was apparent after several minute of stimulation, maintains its activity until 48 h. Incubation of cells with TSH result in suppression of IFN-p mediated STAT1/DNA binding activity throughout the time course of activation by IFN-y. Addition of TSH into 5H maintained FRTL-5 cells did not change the total amount of latent STAT1 amount and also not affect IFN-y mediated production of total STAT1 until 4 h. IFN-y(100 U/mL) rapidly induced phosphorylation of STAT1 within 30 min. and maintained its level without significant change until 48 hours. Cells treated with TSH dramatically lowered the level of IFN-y induced production and phosphorylation of STAT1 after 12 h, 24 h, 36 h, and 48 h but TSH had no effect on the level of phosphorylated STATl within 4 h after IFN-y stimulation. The proteasome inhibitor, MG132 and phosphatase inhibitor, sodium orthovanadate did not block the TSH or forskolin mediated downregulation of phosphorylated STAT1. CONCLUSION: These results indicate a regulatory mechanism which TSH signaling can modulate the prolonged activation of Jak/Stat by IFN-y. We identified one of mechanisms related to TSH mediated negative suppression of the ICAM-1 gene; TSH/cAMP signaling pathways downregulate the cytokine activated Janus kinase-STAT signaling path.
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Hormonal and Cytokine Regulation of ICAM-1 gene in FRTL-5 Thyroid Cells: Cloning and Analysis of 5-Regulatory Region of Rat ICAM-1 Gene.
Min Ho Song, Young Tae Shin, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1997;12(3):393-409.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
We have found abnormal expression of ICAM-1 in thyroid follicular cells from patients with Graves disease and Hashimoto disease. In this report, we present the hormonal regulation of ICAM-1 mRNA expression and the primary structure of 5-regulatory region which is important for transcriptional regulation of ICAM-1 gene. A I.S kb fragment of the 5-regulatory sequences are identified and linked to luciferase as a reporter. METHOD: Those reporter constructs were used to evaluate the expression in response to cytokines and hormones. Deletion analysis of 1.8 kb fragment of ICAM-1 promoter in FRTL-5 cells provide the evidence for the existence of several regulatory elements of enhancer and silencer in ICAM-1 gene transcription in thyroid cells. RESULTS: ICAM-1 mRNA is easily detected by Northern analysis using total RNA from FRTL-5 cells regardless of culture conditions. The transcripts of rat ICAM-1 showed single band of 2.6 kb in length. The FRT cells which was come from early FRTL cell culture did not show ICAM-1 mRNA with usual Northern analysis, We found differential regulation of ICAM-1 RNA level in different culture condition in FRTL-5 cells, The cells maintained at 3H (no hydrocortisone, no insulin, no TSH) condition showed the highest expression level compared to 4H, 5H, or 6H medium. Hydrocortisone markedly decreased the ICAM-1 RNA and insulin partially recovered the hydrocortisone induced repression. TSH which is important in growth and function of FRTL-5 cells could independently downregulate the ICAM-1 RNA levels. Forskolin (10 mM) could mimic the action of TSH on ICAM-1 mRNA. TNF-a and interferon-y increase ICAM-1 expression in FRTL-5 thyroid cells. TSH/forskolin inhibited maximal expression of ICAM-1 by TNF-a and interferon-r. Promoter activity of the ICAM-1 gene was positively regulated by cytokines, TNF-a and IFN-r and negatively regulated by thyroid stimulating hormone. The addition of TSH and FSK caused a 50% decrease in ICAM-1 promoter activity within 24 hour. The TSH and FSK action was mapped at 175 bp and 97 bp of the start of translation. The mutant construct pCAM-175 delGAS which has no GAS sequence showed no TSH mediated suppression of promoter activity. CONCLUSION: These findings suggested that hormones and cytokines differentially regulated the ICAM-1 gene expression and TSH downregulated ICAM-1 gene transcription by inhibiting the activation of IFN-r induced transcription factors which can bind the GAS of ICAM-1 promoter.
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The Changes of Serum Soluble Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1(ICAM-1) According to the Clinical Course of Graves' Disease Treated with Antithyroid Drug.
Jin Hong Lee, Jae Kyu Shin, So Young Bak, Bong Soo An, Bon Jeong Ku, Mee Ae Ahn, Jun Sik Jeon, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1996;11(3):293-301.   Published online November 7, 2019
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Background
TSH binding inhibiting imunoglobulins(TBII) are autoimmune antibody causing autoimmune thyroid diseases such as Graves disease or Hashimoto's thyroiditis, while intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1) is known as a substance expressed at the site of autoimmune reaction in relation with lymphocyte infiltration. The serum TBII activity is used as an index of the disease course and prognosis of Graves disease treated with antithyroid drugs, propylthiouracil or methimazole. The aim of this study is to understand the change of serum ICAM-1 level according to the change of the degree of autoimmunity and clinical course of Graves disease. Methods: In order to study the change of soluble ICAM-1 and relationship to the immune mechanism of Graves' disease, we measured serum levels of TBII and ICAM-1 in patients(n 35) with Graves disease before and after treatment with antithyroid drugs and in relapsed patients using a highly sensitive ELISA method. Results: The serum levels of TBII and ICAM-1 were markedly elevated in patients with Graves disease before treatment than normal controls and there were good correlation between TBII and ICAM-1 level. In patients with normalized TBII levels after 22 months antithyroid drug treatment, the ICAM-1 levels became normal but in the patients with high serum TBII level showed high serum level of ICAM-1 even with clinical remission with same treatment. The serum levels of TBII and ICAM-1 in relapsed patients were elevated as those of patients before treatment. Conclusion: With the above results, we can conclude that not only the TBII level but seru ICAM-1 level also reflect the degree of autoimmune activity of Graves disease and may be used as an index of the disease course and prognosis of Graves disease treated with antithyroid drugs.
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Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome.
Sang Im Yoon, Seong Suk Kim, Chi Un Song, Ki Yang Seong, Min Ho Shong, Sam Yong Kim, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1993;8(2):211-216.   Published online January 1, 2001
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No abstract available.
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The IgG subclass distribution of thyrotropin receptor antibody activities in primary hypothyroidism and the conversion of TSH receptor bound blocking type IgG subclass to the stimulating type by anti-human IgG antibody.
Min Ho Shong, Young Kun Kim, Heung Kyu Ro, Jae Hoon Chung
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1993;8(2):164-170.   Published online January 1, 2001
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No abstract available.
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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism