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Yon Sil Jung  (Jung YS) 3 Articles
Hepatic Injury during Treatment with Antithyroid Drugs in Patients with Hyperthyroidism.
Ki Young Lee, Yun Jeong Lee, Soon Hong Hong, Sung Kwoen Jung, Hwa Eun Lee, Chan Jong Seo, Yon Sil Jung, Sung Kwang Lee, Hong Kyu Kim, Hye Young Park, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2000;15(4-5):554-560.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Propylthiouracil (PIV) and methimazole (MMI) were widely used for the treatment of hyperthyroidism. Hepatic injury caused by these agents is a rare but serious complication. This study is to investigate the clinical features of hepatotoxicity from antithyroid drugs. METHODS: We reviewed 17 cases of hepatic injury during treatment with antithyroid drugs in patients with hyperthyroidism. Included were 6 cases we experienced and 11 cases reported in Korean literature from 1986 to 1999. We analyzed the clinical features of hepatic injury. RESULTS: Of 17 cases of hepatic injury, 12 were PTU cases and 5 MMI cases. The mean age of PTU cases was 40 years with 6/12 patients over 40 years old and 2/5 MMI cases were over 40 years old. The dose of PTU was 300 mg/d or more in 10/12 cases (83%) and the dose of MMI was 30 mg/d in 3/5 cases (60%). The hepatic injury occurred within 3 months in 8/12 PTU cases (67%) and within 2 months in 4/5 MMI cases (80%). The duration of hepatic injury tended to be longer in MMI cases than in PTV cases (median; 80 vs 41 days, p=0.102). In PTU cases, the duration of hepatic injury was correlated with the duration of drug use before hepatic injury (p<0.05). All of 8 biopsied cases who took PTU had predominantly hepatocellular necrosis. Two biopsied cases who took MMI had cholestatic jaundice and nonspecific abnormality, respectively. Biochemical findings of all MMI cases were compatible with cholestatic jaundice. As to the treatment of hyperthyroidism after hepatic injury, 4/12 PTU cases were treated with RAI therapy, 5 with MMI and one with surgery, and treatment was unknown in two. On the other hand 3/5 MMI cases interestingly entered into spontaneous remission after hepatic injury and 2/5 had RAI therapy. Hepatic dysfunction recurred in each one whom treatment by changing to MMI or PTU was tried on. CONCLUSION: Most of hepatic injury during treatment with antithyroid drugs developed within two to three months of drug use. The hepatic injury related to PTU was mainly cytotoxic whereas that related to MMI was cholestatic. Since there is a cross-reaction between PTU and MMI in hepatotoxicity, RAI therapy or operation shoud be considered as an alternative treatment of hyperthyroidism after hepatic injury.
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Brain Metastasis from Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Report of 2 Cases.
Jung Gu Lee, Ki Young Lee, Yon Sil Jung, Hong Kyu Kim, Hye Young Park, Jong Ho Kim, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1999;14(4):745-751.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Papillary carcinoma, the commonest thyroid malignancy, has an indolent clinical course and carries a good prognosis. Metastasis usually occurs to regional lymph nodes, including cervical and upper mediastinal nodes. Distant metastasis is uncommon, lung and bone being the commonest sites. Brain metastasis from papillary thyroid cancer is rare, with a frequency of less than 1% in several reported series and an extremely poor prognosis. The first case was a 74-year-old female patient with papillary cancer who took total thyroidectomy followed by 131I therapy 1 month later. Two days after 131I therapy, she developed headache, vomiting and left hemiplegia. Brain MRI and 131I whole body scan showed solitary brain metastasis in right parietal lobe. After a few weeks her condition improved enough to maintain her usual daily activity despite mild motor weakness. The second one, a 64-year-old female patient presented with headache and vomiting. Two years previously, she had taken total thyroidectomy and 131I ablation therapy after diagnosis of thyroid papillary cancer. Eight months before, she had undergone radical neck dissection because of relapse in cervical lymph nodes. Brain MRI revealed multple metastatic lesions including cerebellum. This patient did not report for follow-up after 2 months of discharge.
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Therapeutic Response to Radioactive Iodine Treatment in Graves' Disease.
Hye Young Park, Hee Sang Kong, Yon Sil Jung, Sung Kwang Lee, Hong Kyu Kim, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1999;14(4):679-687.   Published online January 1, 2001
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  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Prediction of therapeutic response to radioactive iodine (RAI) in Graves disease is poorly understood. Although thyrotropin binding inhibitor immunoglobulin (TBII) level is a strong index for relapse after antithyroid drug treatment, conflicting results are described regarding its prognostic significance in Graves disease treated with RAI. This study is to evaluate possible prognostic factors including TBII wbich affect the outcome of RAI therapy in Graves disease. METHODS: Two hundred and one patients with Graves disease who were followed for over 12 months after RAI treatment were studied retrospectively. The subjects were divided into hypothyroid, euthyroid and hyperthyroid groups, based on the thyroid function evaluated at 12 months after RAI therapy. We evaluated the association of clinical parameters including patients age, goiter size, degree of hyperthyroidism and TBII index with outcome of RAI treatment. RESULTS: In Graves disease, response rate to RAI was 70.1% (hypothyroid 22.4% and euthyroid 47.7%) until 12th month. The mean age of hypothyroid group was 40+/-11 years, significantly older than that other groups (euthyroid: 33+/-12, hyperthyroid: 35+/-13, p<0.05). Initial level of thyroid function, duration of antithyroid drug treatment prior to RAI, goiter size and dosage of RAI were not significantly different between the groups. There were 61 patients who had both TBII tests before and after RAI. Twelve had negative TBII and 49 had positive TBII before RAI admini-stration. The rate of unremitted hyperthyroidism after RAI therapy was significantly lower in patients with negative TBII than in those with positive TBII prior to RAI treatment( 0% versus 46.9%, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Graves patients with positive TBII prior to RAI therapy were associated with lower therapeutic response to RAI than those with negatve TBII. And old age was associated with the development of early hypothyroidism after RAI therapy. These results suggest these factors be also considered in the treatment of Graves disease with RAI.
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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism