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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism


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Xia Chu 1 Article
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Inhibition of miR-146a-5p and miR-8114 in Insulin-Secreting Cells Contributes to the Protection of Melatonin against Stearic Acid-Induced Cellular Senescence by Targeting Mafa
Shenghan Su, Qingrui Zhao, Lingfeng Dan, Yuqing Lin, Xuebei Li, Yunjin Zhang, Chunxiao Yang, Yimeng Dong, Xiaohan Li, Romano Regazzi, Changhao Sun, Xia Chu, Huimin Lu
Endocrinol Metab. 2022;37(6):901-917.   Published online December 7, 2022
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  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Chronic exposure to elevated levels of saturated fatty acids results in pancreatic β-cell senescence. However, targets and effective agents for preventing stearic acid-induced β-cell senescence are still lacking. Although melatonin administration can protect β-cells against lipotoxicity through anti-senescence processes, the precise underlying mechanisms still need to be explored. Therefore, we investigated the anti-senescence effect of melatonin on stearic acid-treated mouse β-cells and elucidated the possible role of microRNAs in this process.
β-Cell senescence was identified by measuring the expression of senescence-related genes and senescence-associated β-galactosidase staining. Gain- and loss-of-function approaches were used to investigate the involvement of microRNAs in stearic acid-evoked β-cell senescence and dysfunction. Bioinformatics analyses and luciferase reporter activity assays were applied to predict the direct targets of microRNAs.
Long-term exposure to a high concentration of stearic acid-induced senescence and upregulated miR-146a-5p and miR- 8114 expression in both mouse islets and β-TC6 cell lines. Melatonin effectively suppressed this process and reduced the levels of these two miRNAs. A remarkable reversibility of stearic acid-induced β-cell senescence and dysfunction was observed after silencing miR-146a-5p and miR-8114. Moreover, V-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog A (Mafa) was verified as a direct target of miR-146a-5p and miR-8114. Melatonin also significantly ameliorated senescence and dysfunction in miR-146a-5pand miR-8114-transfected β-cells.
These data demonstrate that melatonin protects against stearic acid-induced β-cell senescence by inhibiting miR-146a- 5p and miR-8114 and upregulating Mafa expression. This not only provides novel targets for preventing stearic acid-induced β-cell dysfunction, but also points to melatonin as a promising drug to combat type 2 diabetes progression.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Gene.2024; 897: 148090.     CrossRef
  • MiR-126 and miR-146a as Melatonin-Responsive Biomarkers for Neonatal Brain Ischemia
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