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Won-Min Hwang  (Hwang WM) 2 Articles
Clinical Study
Effects of Short-Term Exenatide Treatment on Regional Fat Distribution, Glycated Hemoglobin Levels, and Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity of Obese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients
Ju-Young Hong, Keun-Young Park, Byung-Joon Kim, Won-Min Hwang, Dong-Ho Kim, Dong-Mee Lim
Endocrinol Metab. 2016;31(1):80-85.   Published online March 16, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2016.31.1.80
  • 5,327 View
  • 50 Download
  • 27 Web of Science
  • 23 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Most type 2 diabetes mellitus patients are obese and have obesity related vascular complications. Exenatide treatment is well known for both decreasing glycated hemoglobin levels and reduction in body weight. So, this study aimed to determine the effects of exenatide on body composition, glycated hemoglobin levels, and vascular stiffness in obese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Methods

For 1 month, 32 obese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients were administered 5 µg of exenatide twice daily. The dosage was then increased to 10 µg. Patients' height, body weight, glycated hemoglobin levels, lipid profile, pulse wave velocity (PWV), body mass index, fat mass, and muscle mass were measured by using Inbody at baseline and after 3 months of treatment.

Results

After 3 months of treatment, glycated hemoglobin levels decreased significantly (P=0.007). Triglyceride, total cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein levels decreased, while aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels were no change. Body weight, and fat mass decreased significantly (P=0.002 and P=0.001, respectively), while interestingly, muscle mass did not decrease (P=0.289). In addition to, Waist-to-hip ratio and aortic PWV decreased significantly (P=0.006 and P=0.001, respectively).

Conclusion

Effects of short term exenatide use in obese type 2 diabetes mellitus with cardiometabolic high risk patients not only reduced body weight without muscle mass loss, body fat mass, and glycated hemoglobin levels but also improved aortic PWV in accordance with waist to hip ratio.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Heliyon.2024; 10(1): e23114.     CrossRef
  • Separate and combined effects of empagliflozin and semaglutide on vascular function: A 32‐week randomized trial
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    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2024; 26(5): 1624.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic Sarcopenia. A proposed muscle screening protocol in people with diabetes
    Daniel de Luis Román, Juana Carretero Gómez, José Manuel García-Almeida, Fernando Garrachón Vallo, German Guzmán Rolo, Juan José López Gómez, Francisco José Tarazona-Santabalbina, Alejandro Sanz-Paris
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    Journal of Diabetes and its Complications.2018; 32(8): 759.     CrossRef
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  • Articles inEndocrinology and Metabolismin 2016
    Won-Young Lee
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    Qiuhe Ji
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Endocrine Research
Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids May Attenuate Streptozotocin-Induced Pancreatic β-Cell Death via Autophagy Activation in Fat1 Transgenic Mice
Won-Min Hwang, Dong-Ho Bak, Dong Ho Kim, Ju Young Hong, Seung-Yun Han, Keun-Young Park, Kyu Lim, Dong-Mee Lim, Jae Gu Kang
Endocrinol Metab. 2015;30(4):569-575.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2015.30.4.569
  • 4,433 View
  • 44 Download
  • 17 Web of Science
  • 19 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Inflammatory factors and β-cell dysfunction due to high-fat diets aggravate chronic diseases and their complications. However, omega-3 dietary fats have anti-inflammatory effects, and the involvement of autophagy in the etiology of diabetes has been reported. Therefore, we examined the protective effects of autophagy on diabetes using fat-1 transgenic mice with omega-3 self-synthesis capability.

Methods

Streptozotocin (STZ) administration induced β-cell dysfunction in mice; blood glucose levels and water consumption were subsequently measured. Using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson's trichrome staining, we quantitatively assessed STZ-induced changes in the number, mass, and fibrosis of pancreatic islets in fat-1 and control mice. We identified the microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B light chain 3-immunoreactive puncta in β-cells and quantified p62 levels in the pancreas of fat-1 and control mice.

Results

STZ-induced diabetic phenotypes, including hyperglycemia and polydipsia, were attenuated in fat-1 mice. Histological determination using H&E and Masson's trichrome staining revealed the protective effects of the fat-1 expression on cell death and the scarring of pancreatic islets after STZ injection. In the β-cells of control mice, autophagy was abruptly activated after STZ treatment. Basal autophagy levels were elevated in fat-1 mice β-cells, and this persisted after STZ treatment. Together with autophagosome detection, these results revealed that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) enrichment might partly prevent the STZ-related pancreatic islet damage by upregulating the basal activity of autophagy and improving autophagic flux disturbance.

Conclusion

Fat-1 transgenic mice with a n-3 PUFA self-synthesis capability exert protective effects against STZ-induced β-cell death by activating autophagy in β-cells.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism