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Sung Hee Ihm  (Ihm SH) 32 Articles
Impact of Serum Adiponectin Concentration on Progression of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Chul Sik Kim, Ju Ri Park, Sung Hoon Yu, Jun Goo Kang, Ohk Hyun Ryu, Seong Jin Lee, Eun Gyung Hong, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo
Endocrinol Metab. 2012;27(1):31-38.   Published online March 1, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2012.27.1.31
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Increased cardiovascular events, which is the leading cause of death in type 2 diabetic patients, are mainly caused by accelerated atherosclerosis. Adiponectin has been suggested as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases in cross-sectional studies. However, little is known about the impact of adiponectin on the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetic patients. This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of early adiponectin levels on the progression of carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS: From March 2009, 150 patients with type 2 diabetes were consecutively enrolled in our affiliated outpatient clinic. Anthropometric and biochemical data, including adiponectin levels, were measured in each participant. We measured the carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) at baseline and at 1-year follow-up (n = 111). Then, we prospectively studied the relationship between the serum adiponectin levels and the progression of CIMT for 1 year. RESULTS: Adiponectin levels negatively correlated with CIMT (r = -0.219, P = 0.015). Moreover, mean progression of CIMT was 0.016 +/- 0.040 mm. However, there was no correlation between adiponectin levels and the progression of CIMT within 1-year follow-up period (r = -0.156, P = 0.080). Age (beta = 0.556, P = 0.004), LDL cholesterol (beta = 0.276, P = 0.042), and A1C (beta = 0.309, P = 0.038) were found to be independent risk factors for CIMT. However, A1C (beta = 0.311, P = 0.042) was found to be the only independent risk factor for the progression of CIMT. CONCLUSION: In our study, adiponectin levels were negatively associated with CIMT. However, it did not affect the progression of CIMT at 1-year follow-up. Overall glycemic control is the most important factor in the progression of CIMT in patients with type 2 diabetes.
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A Case of Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis with Rhabdomyolysis.
Seo Hee Lee, Seong Yeol Kim, Hae Ri Lee, Jun Goo Kang, Ohk Hyun Ryu, Chul Sik Kim, Byung Wan Lee, Seong Jin Lee, Eun Gyoung Hong, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yu, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2008;23(6):425-429.   Published online December 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2008.23.6.425
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Hyperthyroidism combined with rhabdomyolysis is extremely rare. There are only 6 reported cases of hyperthyroidism accompanied with rhabdomyolysis in the medical literature. Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome involving the breakdown of skeletal muscle, and this causes myoglobin and intracellular protein to leak into the circulation. The causes of rhabdomyolysis include trauma, electrolyte abnormality, infection, drug, toxin and hypothyroidism. We report here on a patient who presented with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis and rhabdomyolysis with hypokalemia. He complained of lower leg paralysis along with muscle tenderness, and the laboratory findings showed elevated creatine kinase (CK) levels. After treatment by hydration, potassium replacement and drug medication, including propylthiouracil and beta-blocker, his CK levels were normalized and his symptoms were much improved. For patient with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis and muscle tenderness, the possibility of rhabdomyolysis should be clarified by examining the CK levels.
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Retraction: Relationship between Serum Leptin, Adiponectin, Resistin and Ghrelin Levels, and Bone Mineral Density in Men.
Ki Won Oh, Eun Joo Yun, Eun Jung Rhee, Won Young Lee, Ki Hyun Baek, Kun Ho Yoon, Moo Il Kang, Cheol Young Park, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2008;23(1):68.   Published online February 1, 2008
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Retraction: Relationship between Serum Osteoprotegerin-Receptor Activator of NF-kappaB Ligand Levels and Bone Mineral Metabolism in Men.
Ki Won Oh, Eun Joo Yun, Eun Jung Rhee, Won Young Lee, Ki Hyun Baek, Moo Il Kang, Cheol Young Park, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2008;23(1):67.   Published online February 1, 2008
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A Case of Unilateral Exophthalmos Caused by a Dural Arteriovenous Malformation in Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy.
Sun Ryoung Choi, Seong Jin Lee, Hae Ri Lee, Jun Goo Kang, Ohk Hyun Ryu, Chul Sik Kim, Byung Wan Lee, Eun Gyung Hong, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2008;23(1):51-55.   Published online February 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2008.23.1.51
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  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy is associated with thyroid dysfunction, particularly Graves' disease, and is manifested as eye signs, including proptosis. In cases of unilateral exophthalmos with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, other causes such as orbital neoplasm, carotid-cavernous fistula, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and dural arteriovenous malformation (AVM) should be excluded. Dural AVM, an abnormal dural arteriovenous connection, is a rare neurovascular entity that mimics thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. When eye involvement is unilateral or asymmetric, dural AVM can be considered in the differential diagnosis of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. A twenty-six year-old woman presented with unilateral exophthalmos in Graves' disease. By orbital magnetic resonance imaging and cerebral angiography, thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy and dural AVM were diagnosed. The unilateral exophthalmos improved after coil embolization of the dural AVM. In summary, we report the first case of a dural AVM with Graves' disease and thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy.

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Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Proptosis as a Primary Symptom of Brain Arteriovenous Malformation
    Jong Eun Lee, Jin Sook Yoon, Keun Young Park
    Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery.2020; 36(2): e53.     CrossRef
  • Ophthalmopathy Induced by Bilateral Carotid Cavernous Fistula in a Patient with Graves' Disease
    Jong Kun Ha, Ji Hye Suk, A Ra Jo, Chan Woo Jung, Bong Jae Kim, Seong Oh Park, Sang Su Kim, Mi Kyung Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2011; 26(4): 335.     CrossRef
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The Clinical Significance of Retinoic Acid Receptor beta Expressions in Primary and Recurred Metastatic Lymph Node Papillary Thyroid Carcinomas.
Jae Pil Han, Seong Jin Lee, Kyung Chan Choi, Young Euy Park, Hae Ri Lee, Jun Goo Kang, Ohk Hyun Ryu, Chul Sik Kim, Byung Wan Lee, Eun Gyung Hong, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Hyung Joon Yoo, Moon Gi Choi
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(6):419-427.   Published online December 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.6.419
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The present study was designed to investigate the correlations of retinoic acid receptor beta(RARbeta) expression for primary and recurred metastatic lymph node (LN) papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) tissues and the correlations of RARbeta expression with the uptake of I(131) as detected on a whole body scan (WBS). METHODS: Primary and metastatic LN PTC tissues were examined by immunohistochemical methods. Staining positivity was calculated, and staining intensity was graded as negative (0), weak (1+), moderate (2+) and strong (3+). Nuclear staining intensity (NSI) of cells from tissues was also examined. RESULTS: Seventeen patients who had regional cervical LN metastasis without distant metastasis were included in the study, and 13 patients had the abnormal uptake of I(131) as detected on a WBS. In primary PTC tissues, RARbeta staining positivity and intensity of carcinoma cells were significantly higher than those of normal cells but NSI was significantly higher in normal cells than carcinoma cells. Between primary and metastatic LN PTC tissues, RARbeta staining intensity was correlated after controlling for age. Primary PTC tissues from 14 (82.4%) out of 17 patients were concordant between NSI and the uptake of I(131) as detected on a WBS. NSI predicted the I(131) uptake as detected on a WBS with 81.3% positive predicted value (PPV) and 100% negative predicted value. Metastatic LN PTC tissues from 13 (76.5%) out of 17 patients were concordant between NSI and the uptake of I(131) as detected on a WBS. NSI predicted the uptake of I(131) as detected on a WBS with 76.5% PPV. When the results of NSI taken either as positive or negative were correlated with those of the uptake of I(131) as detected on a WBS in primary and metastatic LN PTC tissues, the correlation was not significant after controlling for age. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that nuclear RARbeta expression may be decreased in PTC tissues than normal thyroid tissues, and RARbeta expression in primary PTC tissues as well as in recurred metastatic LN PTC tissues may predict the uptake of I(131) as detected on a WBS.
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A Case of Kallmann's Syndrome Mildly Presenting as Secondary Amenorrhea.
Na Rae Joo, Cheol Young Park, Hong Ju Moon, Jun Goo Kang, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Yul Lee, Ki Won Oh, Sung woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):130-134.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.130
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Kallmann's syndrome is very rare congenital defect in GnRH (gonadotrophin releasing hormone) secretion involving both sexes. The mode of inheritance has not been fully understood. But, including X-linked inheritance, the ratio of incidence between male versus female is 5:1, and there is a few case reports of female Kallmann's syndrome in Korea, especially in internal medicine department. We report a case of 35 year-old female Kallmann's syndrome presenting secondary amenorrhea as a mild presentation.
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A Novel Mutation of the Vasopressin-Neurophysin II Gene in a Familial Neurohypophyseal Diabetes Insipidus.
Mi Jung Kim, Byung Wan Lee, In Kyung Jeong, Jun Goo Kang, Seong Jin Lee, Eun Gyung Hong, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2007;22(2):118-124.   Published online April 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2007.22.2.118
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Autosomal dominant familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (adFNDI) is a rare form of central diabetes insipidus (DI), and this malady is clinically characterized by polydipsia and polyuria, and it is caused by mutation in the vasopressin-neurophysin II. We identified a Korean family that suffered with adFNDI and we found a novel mutation in the NP II molecule. The index subject's DI symptoms dated to childhood, and his familial history was consistent with autosomal transmission. The diagnosis of central DI was done by performing a water deprivation test and a vasopressin challenge test. For molecular analysis, the genomic DNA was extracted and the AVP-NP II gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction from four clinically-affected members and seven clinically-nonaffected members. Genetic analysis of AVP-NP II revealed new a heterozygous missense mutation in exon 2 of the AVP-NP II gene (+1692C > A) and this amino acid substitution (Cys105Stop) was predicted to have occurred in four clinically-affected subjects. In summary, in the present study we have described a novel mutation of the AVP-NPII gene in a Korean family suffering with adFNDI.
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The Changes in Atherosclerotic Markers and Adiopocytokines after Treatment with Growth Hormone for the Patients with Hypopituitarism and Growth Hormone Deficiency.
Hyun Won Shin, In Kyung Jeong, Goo Yeong Cho, Cheul Young Choi, Jong Yeop Kim, Yeong Je Chae, Min Ho Cho, Byung Wan Lee, Seong Jin Lee, Chul Young Park, Eun Gyoung Hong, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yu, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Ki Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2006;21(6):515-525.   Published online December 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2006.21.6.515
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
It is known that patients with hypopituitarism have a high mortality rate due to the presence of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases and stroke. The aim of this study was the effect of growth hormone (GH) on the atherosclerotic markers and the adipocytokine levels. METHOD: The study was conducted on 13 adult patients with hypopituitarism and growth hormone deficiency (GHD), and they had been stabilized after receiving hormone replacement therapy for other insufficient pituitary hormones, other than GH, for more than one year. Before treatment with GH, we compared the lipid metabolism, glucose metabolism, cardiovascular risk factors and adipocytokine levels, including adiponectin, leptin, TNF-alpha and IL-6, between the GHD patients and 13 healthy adults who were of a similar age and gender distribution. Patients with GHD were treated with 1 U/day of GH for 6 months. We measured insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), blood pressure, body composition, lipid metabolism, glucose metabolism and hs-CRP, cardiac function, adiponectin, leptin, TNF-alpha and IL-6 levels, flow mediated vasodilation (FMD) and nitroglycerin mediated vasodilation (NMD) before and after GH treatment. RESULTS: The patients with hypopituitarism and GHD showed significantly higher levels of total cholesterol (P = 0.002), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (P = 0.036), hs-CRP (P = 0.0087) and leptin (P < 0.001) than did the normal healthy adults. However, there was no difference between the normal adults and the patients with GHD for the systolic and diastolic BP, the levels of apoA, apoB, fasting blood glucose(FBG) and HOMA-IR. In the subjects with GHD after treatment with GH, the level of fat mass (P = 0.0017), total cholesterol (P = 0.004), LDL-C (P = 0.001), leptin (P = 0.013), TNF-alpha (P < 0.001) and hs-CRP (P = 0.0001) were significantly reduced, while lean body mass (P = 0.0161), FFA (P = 0.049) and FMD (P = 0.0051) showed a significant increase. However, there was no significant difference in the level of the systolic and diastolic BP, LDL-C, apoA, apoB, LP (a), HOMA-IR, ejection fraction, left ventricular posterior wall, E/A ratio, intraventricular septum, NMD, intima-media thickness, adiponectin, IL-6, FBG and fasting insulin before and after GH treatment. CONCLUSION: The subjects with GHD were vulnerable to cardiovascular disease. GH therapy for 6 months had a positive effect on their various cardiovascular risk factors.

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  • Molecular Biology of Atherosclerosis
    In-Kyung Jeong
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2010; 25(3): 166.     CrossRef
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Duration of Preparation for Postoperative Radioiodine Administration in Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma.
Hyeon Kyu Kim, Min Ho Cho, Choel Young Park, Seong Jin Lee, Gi Weon Oh, In Kyung Jeong, Eun Gyung Hong, Sung Hee Ihm, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yu, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park, Jin Hwan Kim, Young Soo Rho
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2005;20(5):460-466.   Published online October 1, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2005.20.5.460
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Radioiodine treatment is effective for the removal of remnant thyroid tissues after thyroidectomy in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma. To induce the elevation of serum TSH level which facilitates the uptake of radioiodine into remnants, a 4 to 6 week interval between thyroidectomy and radioiodine administration has been established. During the period of preparation, most patients have experienced overt symptoms of hypothyroidism which have led to the development of alternative strategies. Some reports have suggested that the interval could be reduced to about 3 weeks with less symptoms. We reevaluated the adequate time needed for the elevation of serum TSH level above 30microU/mL after thyroidectomy. METHODS: Forty five patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma were investigated. Serum TSH and free T4 levels were measured one or more times within 3 weeks after operation(total 97 blood samples). Eighty nine blood samples were obtained within 15 days. RESULTS: In 41 patients (91.1%) serum TSH levels increased to 30 microU/mL until 15 days after operation. Until postoperative 21 days, serum TSH levels in all the other patients reached 30microU/mL. In linear equation, the daily increment of serum TSH levels was 2.62microU/mL for the first 8 days after operation and 5.34micorU/mL for the next 7 days. The half-life of serum free T4 levels showed marked individual variations. CONCLUSION: Measurement of serum TSH level at about 15 days after total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma may be useful in determining the time of radioiodine administration.
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A Case of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis with Transient T3-Thyrotoxicosis Induced by Hydatidiform Mole.
Ji Youn Yoo, Hong Ju Moon, Cheol Young Park, Seong Jin Lee, In Kyung Jeong, Eun Gyung Hong, Gi Weon Oh, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Men Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park, Soo Kee Min
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2005;20(3):294-298.   Published online June 1, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2005.20.3.294
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Human chorionic gonadotropin(HCG) is a member of the glycoproteins family synthesized by the placenta, which consists of 2 noncovalently joined subunits(alpha(alpha) and beta(beta)). The alpha- and beta-subunits have a structural homology with the alpha- and beta-subunits of TSH and LH. The thyrotropic action of HCG results from its structural similarity to TSH, so beta-HCG can bind to the TSH receptor in the thyroid gland. A high level of HCG accompanied by an increased thyroid hormone level, can be observed in gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD), such as a hydatidiform mole or a choriocarcinoma, but the clinical symptoms of hyperthyroidism are rarely observed. We experienced a case of Hashimoto's thyroiditis, where the patient was diagnosed with T3-thyrotoxicosis, which had initially been induced by excess beta-HCG due to an H-mole; after evacuation of the H-mole, the condition was diagnosed as hypothyroidism. It has been speculated that a patient with Hashimoto's thyroiditis could have hyperthyroidism, induced by beta-HCG, due to an H-mole

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  • Transient T3 toxicosis associated with Hashimoto’s disease
    Sarah Jaroudi, Meredith Gavin, Kathryn Boylan, Alan N. Peiris
    Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings.2019; 32(1): 80.     CrossRef
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The Effects of Osteoprotegerin Polymorphism on Bone Mineral Metabolism in Korean Women with Perimenopause.
Ki Won Oh, Eun Joo Yun, Eun Jung Rhee, Won Young Lee, Ki Hyun Baek, Moo Il Kang, Cheol Young Park, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2005;20(3):204-215.   Published online June 1, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/jkes.2005.20.3.204
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Osteoprotegerin(OPG) is a recently identified cytokine, which acts as a decoy receptor for the receptor activator of the NF-kappaB ligand(RANKL), and has also been shown to be an important inhibitor of osteoclastogenesis in animal models. However, the relationship between OPG gene polymorphism and female bone stati in human populations is unclear. In this study, the relationship between OPG gene polymorphisms and bone mineral metabolism in healthy Korean women was investigated. METHODS: We observed 251 healthy women(mean age, 51.3+/-6.9 yr). The serum OPG concentrations were determined using ELISA, and the biochemical markers of bone turnover and FSH measured using standard methods. The bone mineral densities at the lumbar spine and femoral neck were measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. The A163G, G209A, T245G and T950C polymorphisms of the OPG gene were analyzed by allelic discrimination using the 5 nuclease polymerase chain reaction assay. RESULTS: The lumbar spine BMD of premenopausal women was marginally decreased in the variant allele group compared to the wild type group(A163G, 0.98+/-0.14g/cm2[GG+GA] vs. 1.05+/- 0.15g/cm2[AA], P =0.070; T245G, 0.97+/-0.13g/cm2[GG+GT] vs. 1.04+/-0.15g/cm2[TT], P=0.056). In the linkage of polymorphisms A163G and T245G, the lumbar spine BMD of premenopausal women was marginally decreased in the variant allele group compared to the wild type group([AATT] vs. [AGTG+AGGG+GGTG+GGGG]: 1.04+/-0.15 vs. 0.97+/- 0.13; P=0.072). However, there were no differences in the serum OPG levels and bone turnover markers among the different genotypes. CONCLUSION: The A163G and T245G polymorphisms of the OPG gene were observed to be marginally associated with the lumbar spine BMD in healthy premenopausal Korean women, but further studies will be needed to clarify this relationship
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A Case of Apical Hypertrohic Cardiomyopathy Associated with Pheochromocytoma.
Joon Ho Moon, Sung Woo Park, Sung Hee Ihm, Cheol Young Park, Ki Won Oh, Cheol Soo Choi, Seong Jin Lee, In Kyung Jung, Eun Gyung Hong, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, So Young Ku, Soo Kee Min
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2004;19(5):522-527.   Published online October 1, 2004
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Pheochromocytomas often present with cardiovascular manifestations, such as arrhythmia, angina pectoris and acute myocardial infarction and so on. Both dilated and nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathies are also rare complications of pheochromocytomas. In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, an apical variant form constitutes about 25% of cases in Japan, but only 1 to 2% of those in non-Japanese populations, including Korea. The cause of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (AHC) remains unknown. Recently, some cases of AHC associated with pheochromocytomas have been reported, with catecholamine thought to be an important cause. AHC associated with a pheochromocytoma has never been previously reported in Korea. Herein is reported our experience of a case of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated a pheochromocytoma with a review of the literature
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A Case of Masked Hypoglycemia during Lactic Acidosis.
Hee Seon Kim, Ho Sung Yoon, Chang Ok Koh, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Choel Young Park, Seong Jin Lee, Gi Weon Oh, In Kyung Jeong, Eun Gyung Hong, Cheol Soo Choi, Doo Man Kim, Sung Hee Ihm, Jae Myung Yu, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park, Dong Jin Oh
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2004;19(4):406-410.   Published online August 1, 2004
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Severe hypoglycemia induces neuroglycopenic symptoms, including mental alteration, as glucose is the exclusive fuel for the central nervous system. However, some reports have shown that non-glucose fuels, like lactates and ketones, could be utilized by the brain during severe hypoglycemia. Herein, a case of extreme hypoglycemia in a 44-year old woman, subsequently diagnosed as congestive heart failure accompanied by ischemic hepatitis and lactic acidosis, is presented. In two episodes of extreme hypoglycemia, she was fully alert without obvious neurological deficits. In this unusual case, an increased supply of lactate might have maintained the cerebral function and prevented cerebral injury during the hypoglycemia that was induced as a result of starvation and hepatic and cardiac dysfunctions
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Relationship between Serum Leptin, Adiponectin, Resistin and Ghrelin Levels, and Bone Mineral Density in Men.
Ki Won Oh, Eun Joo Yun, Eun Jung Rhee, Won Young Lee, Ki Hyun Baek, Kun Ho Yoon, Moo Il Kang, Cheol Young Park, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2004;19(4):379-392.   Published online August 1, 2004
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BACKGROUND
Fat mass is an important determinant of bone mineral density (BMD), but the mechanism involved in this relationship is uncertain. Several lines of evidence have suggested the effects of fat mass on BMD may be mediated by hormonal factors, with the principal candidates being serum sex hormones, insulin, leptin and adiponectin. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the serum adipocytokine and ghrelin levels, and BMD in men. METHODS: Eighty men, aged 42~70 (mean age, 54.5 yr), were selected as the study subjects. The serum concentrations of leptin and ghrelin were measured with RIA, the adiponectin with ELISA and the resistin with EIA. The serum concentrations of estradiol, total testosterone and the biochemical markers of bone turnover were measured by standard methods. The BMD at the lumbar spine and femoral neck were measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: The serum leptin level was found to correlate to the BMI, waist to hip ratio (WHR), blood pressure, fasting blood sugar, serum fasting insulin, total cholesterol, triglyceride and calcium levels. Although the serum leptin level was not significantly correlated to the serum estradiol level, it did show a weak trend. The serum adiponectin level were correlated to the BMI, WHR and serum fasting insulin level; and the resistin to serum total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels; ghrelin to age, WHR and serum triglyceride levels. A significant negative correlation was observed between the serum resistin level and lumbar spine BMD. Also, there was a significant negative correlation between the serum leptin level and lumbar spine BMD. The above correlations were observed only when the BMI and the serum estradiol and insulin levels were included as independent variables in the regression analysis model. The serum adiponectin level was not significantly correlated with the BMD, either in the presence or absence of the BMI and serum insulin level. CONCLUSION: The serum adipocytokine level was observed to be partly associated with the BMD in men. Therefore, these data suggest that leptin and resistin may play roles in the bone mineral metabolism in men. Further studies are needed to larify this relationship
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Relationship between Serum Osteoprotegerin-Receptor Activator of NF-kappaB Ligand Levels and Bone Mineral Metabolism in Men.
Ki Won Oh, Eun Joo Yun, Eun Jung Rhee, Won Young Lee, Ki Hyun Baek, Moo Il Kang, Cheol Young Park, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2004;19(4):332-345.   Published online August 1, 2004
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Osteoporosis is a growing health problem, not only in women, but in men also. Sex hormones and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) have been shown to be the major determinant in male bone metabolism. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a recently identified cytokine, which acts as a decoy receptor for the receptor activator of the NF- B ligand (RANKL). OPG and RANKL have been shown to be important regulators of osteoclastogenesis in animal models. The relationship between the OPG-RANKL system and male bone status in human populations is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between circulating the OPG-RANKL system and bone mineral metabolism in 80 Korean men. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 80 men aged between 42 and 70 (mean age, 54.5 yr). The serum concentrations of OPG and RANKL were measured by ELISA. The serum concentrations of estradiol, total testosterone, IGF-I and biochemical markers of bone turnover were measured by standard methods. The bone mineral densites (BMD) at the lumbar spine and femoral neck were measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: A significant correlation was observed between the serum OPG/RANKL ratios and osteocalcin levels (r=-0.229, p<0.05). The serum OPG levels were significantly correlated to the femoral neck BMD (r=-0.227, p<0.05). The mean value of the serum OPG was found to be greater in patients with osteoporosis at the femoral neck (mean SD, 4.72.1 pmol/L) than in subjects with a normal BMD (3.30.9 pmol/L, p<0.05). The serum RANKL/OPG ratios were significantly positively correlated to the serum estradiol level (r=0.401, p<0.001). Also, there was a significant negative correlation between the serum OPG and estradiol levels (r=-0.288, p<0.05). In a multiple regression analysis, the BMI, serum OPG and RANKL levels, and the serum IGF-I level were identified as significant predictors of the femoral neck BMD. In another multiple regression analysis, only the serum estradiol level was identified as a significant predictor of the serum OPG level. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, our data show that the serum OPG and RANKL levels are partly associated with bone mineral metabolism, and are related to the endogenous estrogen levels in human male populations. Therefore, the possibility exists that the OPG-RANKL system may be a mediator of the estradiol in male bone metabolism. However, there have been few study published on the relation between the serum OPG and estradiol levels in men. Further studies are needed to clarify this relationship
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A Case of Adrenocortical Oncocytoma.
Seong Jin Lee, Ho Gwon Lee, Cheol young Park, In Kyung Jeong, Eun Gyung Hong, Gi Weon Oh, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2004;19(1):82-89.   Published online February 1, 2004
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Oncocytomas are neoplasms, histologically are composed of epithelial cells, with abundant, acidophilic and granular cytoplasm. Electron microscopic studies of oncocytomas have shown that the cytoplasm of oncocytes is packed with mitochondria. The adrenal gland is a very rare anatomical site for oncocytomas, and to the best of our knowledge, only thirty-six cases of adrenal oncocytomas have been described. Herein, a case of a large adrenal mass in a forty-year-old man, which was incidentally detected by abdominal ultrasonography, is presented. This patient demonstrated no clinical manifestation associated with adrenal hyperfunction. Hormonal studies showed no abnormal findings, except for a mild elevation of the 24-hour urinary VMA level. Abdominal computed tomography with enhancement revealed a large, well-defined left adrenal mass, measuring 5.0x.2 x.0cm. The patient underwent a left adrenalectomy, and a light microscopic examination confirmed an adrenocortical oncocytoma, with characteristic oncocytes and polygonal, abundant, eosinophilic and granular cytoplasm. The tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin and vimentin as well as S-100, but negative for chromogranin on immunohistochemical staining. An electron microscopic examination demonstrated closely packed mitochondria, containing intramitochondrial inclusions. After surgery, there was no evidence of a recurrent or distant metastatic disease at the 5 month follow-up. In summary, an extremely rare case of a man with an adrenocortical oncocytoma is reported, which was confirmed by histological examinations, including electron microscopy.
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The Effect of T3 on Thyroid Hormone Receptor Dynamics in Thyroid Hormone Response Element of Chicken Lysozyme Silencer.
Seong Jin Lee, Cheol Young Park, In Kyung Jeong, Eun Gyung Hong, Cheol Soo Choi, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park, P Reed Larsen
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2003;18(4):379-391.   Published online August 1, 2003
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BACKGROUND
The regulation of gene transcription can be controlled by both positive (enhancer) and negative (silencer) regulatory sequences. Several enhancer and silencer elements have been described in the 5' region of the chicken lysozyme gene. The silencer located at -2.4 kb upstream of the chicken lysozyme gene is composed of two separate modules (F1 and F2) that can function as silencers by themselves, but also show synergistic repression after multimerization. The F1 module is bound by a protein termed NeP1 and F2 module, a F2 thyroid hormone response element (F2-TRE), and can be bound by the thyroid hormone receptor (TR). F2-TRE has an inverted palindromic structure, with high affinity to TR. Although many current reported results have tried to explain the regulatory mechanism of chicken lysozyme gene expression due to the thyroid hormone, there have been few studies that clarify the TR dynamics in the F2-TRE of the chicken lysozyme gene, either with or without exposure of the thyroid hormone. Here, the changes in the TR binding patterns in the F2-TRE of the chicken lysozyme gene are described, both before and after T3 stimulation over time. METHODS: Using the stably transfected rat pituitary somatotroph tumor cell line, GC8 cells, with the F2-TRE inserted 5' to the thymidine kinase (TK) promoter, together with a mouse TRalpha- expressing plasmid, a chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) technique was employed to reveal the TR-TRE interaction before and after T3 stimulation. Following the cross-linking and sonication of the cells, the immunoprecipitation was performed overnight, at 4 degrees C, with TRalpha1, TRbeta1 and TRbeta2 antibodies, respectively. The binding patterns and amounts of TRalpha1, TRbeta1 and TRbeta2 to the F2-TRE, before and after 12 hours of 100 nM T3 stimulation, were analyzed using conventional and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions (RQ-PCR). The ChIP technique was used to give a basal value for 20 minutes and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 hours after the 100 nM T3 stimulation, and RQ-PCR was then performed. Western blot with TRalpha1, TRbeta1 and TRbeta2 antibodies were also performed. RESULTS: After 12 hours of 100 nM T3 stimulation of the GC8 cells, the TRalpha1 and TRbeta2 binding to the F2-TRE increased, but the TR 1 binding to the F2-TRE decreased, by conventional PCR. Although all the TR isoforms were bound to the F2-TRE by RQ-PCR, the TR 1 binding to the F2-TRE, after 12 hours of 100 nM T3 stimulation, was significantly increased (1.01-->2.73, delta=+170.3%, p<0.05), but the change in the amount of TRbeta2 binding was not significant (2.53-->2.98, delta=+17.8%). The TRbeta1 binding was significantly decreased compared with that of the basal level (4.59-->2.06, delta=-55.1%, p<0.05). The total TR bindings to the F2-TRE had a tendency to decrease after 12 hours of 100 nM T3 stimulation (8.13-->7.77, delta=-4.4%). The binding patterns and amounts of TRalpha1, TRbeta1 and TRbeta2, both before and after the 100 nM T3 stimulation, were also identified over time. While the TRbeta1 bindings to the F2-TRE after 1 hour of 100 nM T3 stimulation were acutely reduced, those of the TRalpha1 at 20 minutes and 6 hours were increased. The TRbeta2 bindings showed a maximal increase at 20 minutes. The directions of the TR binding patterns, between the before and after 2 hours of 100 nM T3 stimulation, were identical to those for between 4 and 6 hours of T3 stimulation. There was no significant difference in the TR bindings to the F2-TRE in relation to the amounts (1.5 vs. 4.5 microliter) of TR antibodies used during the ChIP assays. The Western blots showed no significant change of the levels of each TR isoform proteins, either before or after 12 hours of exposure to 100 nM T3. CONCLUSION: These results show the dynamic binding patterns of the TR isoforms to the F2-TRE of the chicken lysozyme gene, both before and after T3 stimulation, over time. Further investigation, however, will be needed to clarify the mechanisms of our observations. The ChIP technique may then be used to reveal the dynamic models of the cofactors, as well as TR isoforms, in the TR-regulated transcription machinery.
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Thyroid Hormone Receptor Dynamics in Thyroid Hormone Response Elements of the Human Type 1 Iodothyronine Deiodinase Gene.
Seong Jin Lee, Cheol young Park, In Kyung Jeong, Eun Gyung Hong, Cheol Soo Choi, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park, P Reed Larsen
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2003;18(3):283-295.   Published online June 1, 2003
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BACKGROUND
Type 1 iodothyronine deiodinase (D1), the product of the hdio1 gene, is involved in thyroid hormone activation by the deiodination of thyroxine (T4) to form 3, 5, 3'-triiodothyronine (T3). Recent studies have identified two thyroid hormone response elements (TREs) in the 5 flanking region of the hdio1 gene. TRE1, proximal to TRE in the hdio1 gene, consists of a direct repeat of thyroid hormone receptor (TR) binding octamers with 10 bp separating the two TR binding sites. The upstream TRE, TRE2, is a classical direct repeat of retinoid X receptor (RXR)/TR binding half-sites with a 4-bp separation. There are few studies clarifying the TR dynamics in the TRE of a specific gene with or without the exposure of activated thyroid hormone. We evaluated TR binding patterns in the proximal and distal TREs of the hdio1 gene before and after T3 stimulation. METHODS: We employed chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) technique to investigate the TR-TRE interaction before and after T3 stimulation in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cell line.Following cross-linking and sonication of the cells, immunoprecipitation was performed overnight at 4degrees C with TR 1, TR 1 and TR 2 antibodies. We analyzed the binding patterns and amounts of TR 1, TR 1 and TR 2 to TRE1 and TRE2 before and after 12 hours stimulation with 100 nM T3 by using conventional and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions (RQ-PCR). Reverse transcriptional PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blot with TR 1, TR 1 and TR 2 antibodies were performed to measure the levels of hdio1 mRNA and TR 1, TR 1 and TR 2 proteins before and after 12 hours exposure to 100 nM T3. RESULTS: In TRE1, TR 1 binding was significantly decreased after 12 hours stimulation with 100nM T3 (3.74-->1.97, delta=-47.3%, p<0.05), but TR 1 and TR 2 bindings were not detected by conventional PCR and RQ-PCR. Although all TR isoforms were bound to TRE2, the binding patterns were quite different. While TRalpha1 and TR 1 bindings to TRE2 after 12 hours stimulation with 100 nM T3 were significantly decreased (10.41-->3.01, delta=-71.1%, p<0.05; 12.56 --> 2.93, delta=-76.7%, p<0.05, respectively), TR 2 binding was increased but not significantly (9.17 --> 9.84, delta=+7.3%). Total TR bindings in TRE2 were significantly decreased after 12 hours stimulation with 100 nM T3 (32.14 --> 15.78, delta=-50.9%, p<0.05). The TR bindings to TRE1 and TRE2 were not significantly different by the amounts of TR antibodies used during ChIP assays. The levels of hdio1 mRNA were significantly increased, 2.03 times, after 12 hours exposure to 100nM T3 (p<0.001). Western blot showed no significant change of the level of each TR isoform protein before and after 12 hours exposure to 100 nM T3. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate the dynamics of TR 1 at proximal TRE (TRE1) and the switching phenomenon of TR isoforms at distal TRE (TRE2) of the hdio1 gene after T3 stimulation. Further investigation, however, is needed to clarify the mechanisms of these observations.
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Lymphocytic Hypophysitis associated with Pregnancy.
Seong Jin Lee, Hyang Lim Lee, In Kyung Chung, Eun Gyung Hong, Cheol Soo Choi, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2002;17(5):705-712.   Published online October 1, 2002
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Lymphocytic hypophysitis is a rare inflammatory disease of the pituitary gland that is often recognized as a cause of hypopituitarism and may be due to the autoimmune pituitary destruction that usually occurs in women in the peripartum period. We report a rare case of lymphocytic hypophysitis in a 26 year-old woman presenting with nausea and headaches for 2 months after an artificial abortion of her second pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging, with enhancement, showed an expanding 1.0x1.0 cm sized sellar mass. The patient underwent transsphenoidal surgery with a preoperative diagnosis of pituitary macroadenoma. A histological examination revealed diffuse lymphocytes and plasma cells infiltration which are characteristic of lymphocytic hypophysitis. Here, we present the first reported case of a pregnant woman with lymphocytic hypophysitis with a review of the literature on this increasingly recognized condition.
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A Case of Cerebral Salt Wasting Syndrome associated with Tuberculous Meningitis.
Seung Hyuk Rho, Ji Yong Choi, Taek Man Nam, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Seong Jin Lee, In Kyung Jeong, Eun Gyung Hong, Cheol Soo Choi, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myung Yu, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park, Hyoung Cheol Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2002;17(5):698-704.   Published online October 1, 2002
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Hyponatremia in patients with central nervous system disorders is suggestive of the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH), and volume restriction is recommended for its correction. However, if volume depletion is present in a situation otherwise compatible with SIADH, cerebral salt wasting syndrome (CSWS) should be considered as the cause of the hyponatremia to avoid hypovolemic shock that may be induced by the standard management of SIADH, i.e. volume restriction. We present a case of a 17-year-old male patient with CSWS associated with tuberculous meningitis. The clinical feature of the patient comprised hyponatremia, excessive natriuresis, polyuria, and hypovolemia. Following the administration of saline and fludrocortisone, natriuresis and polyuria were decreased, and the hyponatremia improved
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The Clinical Characteristics of Hyperthyroidism Combined with Ocular Myasthenia Gravis: Report of Six cases.
Ji Young Seo, Doo Man Kim, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Cheol Soo Choi, Sung Hee Ihm, Jae Myung Yoo, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Jun Yoo, Sung Woo Park, Hyeung Cheul Kim, Hong Ki Song, Deuk Hwan Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2000;15(4-5):606-613.   Published online January 1, 2001
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Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease characterized by impaired neuromuscular transmission due to circulating antiacetylcholine receptor autoantibodies. The relation between myasthenia gravis and thyroid disease remains unclarified. The association is thought to be uncommon and approximately 0.2% of myasthenia gravis has been reported in patients with autoimmune thyroid disease. Clinical expression of myasthenia gravis varies, ranging from a mild localized disease such as ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG) to a severe generalized disease. A higher frequency of thyroid antibodies has been observed in OMG compared to generalized myasthenia gravis, but the exact mechanisms of this increased association between OMG and thyroid autoimmunity has not been confirmed. The "see-saw" relationship between hyperthyroidism and myasthenia gravis is presented by some authors, while others reported that the optimal maintenance of euthyroid status was essential in treatment. Today many authors agree to the latter and we think that the adequate control of hyperthyroidism is more important. We have experienced six cases of hyperthyroidism combined with OMG and it was somewhat difficult to diagnose myasthenia gravis when the patient have Graves' ophthalmopathy.
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The Effect of Low Dose and High Dose ACTH in the Evaluation of Adrenal Function.
Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Sung Woo Park, Jae Hwan Jee, Hyun Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myoung Yoo, Moon Ki Choi
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1998;13(4):580-589.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Pharmacological ACTH test provide information only about the ability of the adrenal gland to respond to unusual stimuli and may not reflect the daily cortisol secretion. There were some controversies in the diagnosis of mild adrenal insufficiency by using a pharmacological dose of ACTH. The purpose of the present study was to assess and compare the effect of low dose 1 pg ACTH and high dose 249 pg ACTH in the evaluation of adrenal function. The intravenous injection of a pharmacological dose(250 pg) of ACTH has been used as a standard test in the initial assessment of adrenal function. So we low dose ACTH to evaluate the adrenal function and compare the result of high dose ACTH. METHOD: Basal serum cortisol sampling was done at 2:00 p.m.. And after 1 pg ACTH iv bolus injection, cortisol sampling was done at 20, 30, 45 and 60 min respectively. On the next day same procedure was repeated at same time, but 249 mg ACTH was given instead of the low dose. Normal adrenal function was diagnosed with the criteria of stimulated serum cortisol concentration over 20 mg/dL. Total 65 patients took part in this study. Three hypopituitarism patients and one Addisons disease were included. Sixty-one patients had the history of glucocorticoid ingestion or had physical findings of cushingoid features with symptoms suggest the adrenal insufficiency. RESULTS: Sixteen patients showed normal response to both low dose and high dose ACTH. Thirty-six patients were not stimulated to both low dose and high dose ACTH. The remaining thirteen patients revealed normal response to high dose ACTH, but not to low dose ACTH. CONCLUSION: It appears that low dose ACTH stimulation test is more sensitive and specific than high dose ACTH and is capable of revealing mild adrenal insufficiency.
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A Case of Cushing's Syndrome in Pregnancy due to Adrenal Adenoma.
Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Sung Woo Park, Hae Sung Yim, Yong Tae Kim, Chul Hee Park, Hyun Kyu Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jae Myoung Yoo, Moon Ki Choi
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1998;13(2):264-270.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Cushings syndrome in pregnancy is rare. This is explained by the syndromes association with amencerhea, infertility and abortions. Matemal and fetal risks increase markedly when pregnancy does occur in woman with hypercortisolism. Since pregnant women without Cushings syndrome develop some features of Cushings syndrome, such as hypertension, hyperglycemia and striae, a high index of clinical suspician must be maintained to prevent delay in diagnosis. The physiologic changes in adrenocorticostemid metabolism during pregnancy further complieate the diagnosis. We describe a case of Cushings syndmme in pregnancy secondary to an adrenal cortical adenoma which was diagnosed immediately after a preterm delivery in 24-year-old woman with preeclampsia.
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Changes in Plasma Dehydroepiandrosterone-Sulfate ( DHEA-S ) Level & DHEA-S / cortisol Ratio by Age in Healthy Korean.
Jae Myung Yu, Cheol Soo Park, Hyung Joon Yoo, Kwon Yeop Lee, Kyu Yong Park, Cheol Hong Kim, Min Sook Park, Hyun Gyu Kim, Du Man Kim, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1997;12(2):245-154.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
DHEA-S is the most abundant steroid hormone in circulation, and primarily secreted from the adrenal cortex, but its physiological role is little known. One of the characteristic features of DHEA-S is progressive decrement of plasma DHEA-S level with advancing age, in contrast, plasma levels of other adrenal hormones are not chaging or littie decreasing. To grasp the trends of plasma DHEA-S level and DHEA-S/cortisol ratio by age in healthy Korean, we measured the plasma DHEA-S levels and DHEA-S/cortisol ratios in healthy Korean. METHODS: Healthy Korean (men: 99, women: 102, age range: 15-97 year old)were studied. Subjects were not taking drugs (such as glucocorticoid or androgenic medication) or cigarettes known to modify the plasma level of DHEA-S and cortisol, and had no evidence of hepatic, renal disease or hyperlipidemia as determined by serum lipid, bilirubin, SGOT, SGPT, BUN, creatinine. Data were analyzed by 10-year age group for men and women: i.e, 10-19, 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80-89 and 90 year or more. Plasma DHEA-S levels were measured by using a commercially available RIA kit with 125I labeled-DHEA-SO4 (Coat-A Count DHEA-SO4), and for the measurement of plasma cortisol levels, commercial Gamma Coat TM[125I] Cortisol Radioimmunassay Kit was used. RESULTS:. 1) In both men and women, plasma DHEA-S level showed high interindividual variation within the same age group. 2) There were individual sex differences in plasma levels of DHEA-S, in all age groups, plasma DHEA-S levels were significantly higher values for men than for women. 3) Maximum plasma DHEA-S levels (men; 237+-3.35 ug/dL, women; 108+-17.5 ug/dL) were at third decade in both men and women. 4) Both men and women showed the continuous decline in plasma DHEA-S level with age. These age-related decline was more prominent in men than in women (men; y=-3.152 * +292.6, r2= 0.8459, P<0.05, women; y= -1.417 * +143.3, r2 = 0.7278, P< 0.05). 5) As an index of aging, there was no stastical difference between DHEA-S and DHEA-S/cortisol ratio. CONCLUSION: In healthy Korean, there were high interindividual variation of plasrna DHEA-S levels. In both men and women plasma DHEA-S level was peak at third decade, and from when it declined progressively with age. These results suggest that although the reliability of single plasma DHEA-S measurement are limited, the decline of DHEA-S with advancing age might be a specific marker of endocrinologic hormonal milieu (aging index). Also, concerning to individual adrenal secreting capacity, we measured DHEA-S/cortisol ratio. But we did not found that plasma DHEA-S/cortisol ratio is superior to the plasma DHEA-S level as an aging index.
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Diagnosis of Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma.
Sung Hee Ihm
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1996;11(1):7-10.   Published online November 7, 2019
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
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A Case of Multiple Extraadrenal Pheochromocytoma Iocalized by 131 I-MIBG Scan.
Sung Hee Ihm, Jae Myung Yoo, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Seok Boo Yoon, Jin Bong Kim, Doo Man Kim, Jin Seon Cho, Sang Kon Lee, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1995;10(4):439-444.   Published online November 7, 2019
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Peroperative localization of pheochromocytoma is the very crucial step for the successful removal of tumors. Computed tomography(CT) and magnetic resonance(MR) imaging have been commonly used for tumor localization, but in some cases of pheochromocytoma, such as extraadrenal location or distant metastasis of malignant tumor, their localization is somewhat difficult. Recently ^131 I-metaiodobenzylguanidine(MIBG) scintigraphy has been developed and increasingly used for the localization of pheochromocytoma and reported to be more sensitive and specific than CT or MR imaging in the cases of extraadrenal tumor location.We report a case of multiple extraadrenal pheochromocytoma in which ^131 I-MIBG scintigraphy clearly localized two intraabdominal and one bladder tumors, after failure of localization with conventional CT and MR imaging.
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A Case of Non - Islet Cell Tumor Hypoglycemia.
Moon Hee Lee, Seung Sik Kang, Jin Lee, Sung Hee Ihm, Jae Myung Yoo, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1995;10(1):65-69.   Published online November 6, 2019
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The association between non-islet cell tumors and fasting hypoglycemia has been recognized since 1929. The humoral mediator of this non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia(NICTH) is now known as IGF-II. Hypoglycemia develops commonly in the course of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC), mostly late in the course and usually mild to moderate in severity. Rarely, severe hypoglycemia occurs early in the course of HCC, suggesting NICTH. We report a case of HCC in which hypoglycemic coma due to NICTH was the presenting symptom.A 52-year-old man developed mental confusion and seizures in the early morning. At emergency room, he was found to have severe hypoglycemia. Circulating levels of insulin, C-peptide, insulinlike growth factor-I(IGF-I) and growth hormone were reduced during hypoglycemia. Diagnostic work-up revealed that he had unresectable HCC. During admission, infusion of more than 400g of dextrose per day in addition to meals was required to prevent hypoglycemia. Because the chemotherapy was refused, he was transferred to a local hospital to receive infusions of dextrose.
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Evaluation of Glucone Tolerance and Insulin Secretion in Two Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism Before and After Surgery.
Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Sang Hyun Chun, Yong Seok Choi, Gun Yong Lee, In Seo Lim, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1994;9(1):54-58.   Published online November 6, 2019
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AbstractAbstract PDF
It is reported that patients with primary hyperparathyroidism(PHPT) have disturbances in carbohydrate metabolism: in particular, hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance are characteristic early metabolic aberrations of this disease. However, it is not clear whether changes of insulin secretion or insulin sensitivity are observed in all patients with PHPT, including those with normal glucose tolerance. Also, it is not clear whether these changes are reversible after surgical correction of PHPT. In the present study, glucose tolerance and insulin secretion were evaluated in 2 symptomatic patients with PHPT during 100g oral glucose tolerance test before and after parathyroid adenoma removal. Comparing these patients before and after surgery, glucose tolerance was not significantly different. However, C-peptide and insulin secretion was low after surgical correction of PHPT compared to the preoperative situation. This observation suggests that insulin hypersecretion in patients with PHPT precedes glucose intolerance and this early disturbance is reversible after surgery.
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The effect of aging on red blood cell memobrane lipid peroxidation in diabetic patients.
Hyung Joon Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Byung Tae Kim, Yeon Bok Chang, Moon Gi Choi, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1993;8(3):281-286.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
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A case of Cushing's syndrome due to macronodular adrenal hyperplasia .
Sang Jo Lee, Seung Hwan Moon, Hee bong Park, Sung Hee Ihm, Hwa Jung Ihm, Sung Woo Park, Young Hee Choi, Min Chul Lee, Young Eui Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1991;6(4):362-366.   Published online January 1, 2001
  • 1,129 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
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A case of combined hyperlipoproteinemia.
Young Bae Kwon, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Ki Choi, Byung Tae Kim, Yeon Bok Jang, Sung Woo Park
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1991;6(2):191-195.   Published online January 1, 2001
  • 1,055 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism