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Soo-Kyung Kim  (Kim SK) 4 Articles
Different Molecular Phenotypes of Progression in BRAF- and RAS-Like Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
Jinsun Lim, Han Sai Lee, Jiyun Park, Kyung-Soo Kim, Soo-Kyung Kim, Yong-Wook Cho, Young Shin Song
Endocrinol Metab. 2023;38(4):445-454.   Published online July 18, 2023
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  • 49 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) can be classified into two distinct molecular subtypes, BRAF-like (BL) and RASlike (RL). However, the molecular characteristics of each subtype according to clinicopathological factors have not yet been determined. We aimed to investigate the gene signatures and tumor microenvironment according to clinicopathological factors, and to identify the mechanism of progression in BL-PTCs and RL-PTCs.
We analyzed RNA sequencing data and corresponding clinicopathological information of 503 patients with PTC from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. We performed differentially expressed gene (DEG), Gene Ontology, and molecular pathway enrichment analyses according to clinicopathological factors in each molecular subtype. EcoTyper and CIBERSORTx were used to deconvolve the tumor cell types and their surrounding microenvironment.
Even for the same clinicopathological factors, overlapping DEGs between the two molecular subtypes were uncommon, indicating that BL-PTCs and RL-PTCs have different progression mechanisms. Genes related to the extracellular matrix were commonly upregulated in BL-PTCs with aggressive clinicopathological factors, such as old age (≥55 years), presence of extrathyroidal extension, lymph node metastasis, advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, and high metastasis-age-completeness of resection- invasion-size (MACIS) scores (≥6). Furthermore, in the deconvolution analysis of tumor microenvironment, cancer-associated fibroblasts were significantly enriched. In contrast, in RL-PTCs, downregulation of immune response and immunoglobulin-related genes was significantly associated with aggressive characteristics, even after adjusting for thyroiditis status.
The molecular phenotypes of cancer progression differed between BL-PTC and RL-PTC. In particular, extracellular matrix and cancer-associated fibroblasts, which constitute the tumor microenvironment, would play an important role in the progression of BL-PTC that accounts for the majority of advanced PTCs.
Clinical Study
Vitamin D Deficiency at Mid-Pregnancy Is Associated with a Higher Risk of Postpartum Glucose Intolerance in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Kyung-Soo Kim, Seok Won Park, Yong-Wook Cho, Soo-Kyung Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2020;35(1):97-105.   Published online March 19, 2020
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  • 100 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM

To evaluate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) at mid-pregnancy and postpartum glucose intolerance in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).


We enrolled 348 pregnant women diagnosed with GDM from August 2012 to October 2016. We measured serum 25(OH)D levels at mid-pregnancy and carried out a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test at 6 to 12 weeks after delivery. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as serum 25(OH)D <20 ng/mL.


The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 76.7% (n=267). Women with vitamin D deficiency had a higher prevalence of postpartum glucose intolerance than did those without vitamin D deficiency (48.7% vs. 32.1%, P=0.011). Serum 25(OH)D level was negatively correlated with hemoglobin A1c at antepartum and postpartum period (antepartum: r=−0.186, P=0.001; postpartum: r=−0.129, P=0.047). Homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function was positively correlated with serum 25(OH)D level only postpartum (r=0.138, P=0.035). The risk of postpartum glucose intolerance was 2.00 times (95% confidence interval, 1.13 to 3.55) higher in women with vitamin D deficiency than in those without vitamin D deficiency (P=0.018).


In women with GDM, vitamin D deficiency at mid-pregnancy is associated with an elevated risk of postpartum glucose intolerance.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Vitamin D Supplementation for the Outcomes of Patients with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Neonates: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review
    Chunfeng Wu, Yang Song, Xueying Wang, Pier P. Sainaghi
    International Journal of Clinical Practice.2023; 2023: 1.     CrossRef
  • Influence of hypovitaminosis D during pregnancy on glycemic and lipid profile, inflammatory indicators and anthropometry of pregnant and newborn
    Sara de Figueiredo dos Santos, Paula Normando dos Reis Costa, Thaise Gasser Gouvêa, Nathalia Ferreira Antunes de Almeida, Felipe de Souza Cardoso
    Clinical Nutrition ESPEN.2023; 54: 81.     CrossRef
  • Risk factors associated with early postpartum glucose intolerance in women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Zhe Liu, Qianghuizi Zhang, Leyang Liu, Weiwei Liu
    Endocrine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Postprandial Free Fatty Acids at Mid-Pregnancy Increase the Risk of Large-for-Gestational-Age Newborns in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    So-Yeon Kim, Young Shin Song, Soo-Kyung Kim, Yong-Wook Cho, Kyung-Soo Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2022; 46(1): 140.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Evidence-Based Diet Nursing on Intestinal Flora and Maternal and Infant Prognosis in Patients with Gestational Diabetes
    Ying Jiang, Chunbo Qiu, Yuanping Wang, Bin He, Peng-Yue Zhang
    Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.2022; 2022: 1.     CrossRef
  • Vitamin D in gestational diabetes: A broadened frontier
    Yu Zhu, Ling Li, Ping Li
    Clinica Chimica Acta.2022; 537: 51.     CrossRef
  • The Clinical Characteristics of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Korea: A National Health Information Database Study
    Kyung-Soo Kim, Sangmo Hong, Kyungdo Han, Cheol-Young Park
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(3): 628.     CrossRef
  • Fetal Abdominal Obesity Detected At 24 to 28 Weeks of Gestation Persists Until Delivery Despite Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes Metab J 2021;45:547-57)
    Kyung-Soo Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2021; 45(6): 966.     CrossRef
Clinical Guidelines for the Management of Adrenal Incidentaloma
Jung-Min Lee, Mee Kyoung Kim, Seung-Hyun Ko, Jung-Min Koh, Bo-Yeon Kim, Sang Wan Kim, Soo-Kyung Kim, Hae Jin Kim, Ohk-Hyun Ryu, Juri Park, Jung Soo Lim, Seong Yeon Kim, Young Kee Shong, Soon Jib Yoo
Endocrinol Metab. 2017;32(2):200-218.   Published online June 23, 2017
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  • 524 Download
  • 71 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM

An adrenal incidentaloma is an adrenal mass found in an imaging study performed for other reasons unrelated to adrenal disease and often accompanied by obesity, diabetes, or hypertension. The prevalence and incidence of adrenal incidentaloma increase with age and are also expected to rise due to the rapid development of imaging technology and frequent imaging studies. The Korean Endocrine Society is promoting an appropriate practice guideline to meet the rising incidence of adrenal incidentaloma, in cooperation with the Korean Adrenal Gland and Endocrine Hypertension Study Group. In this paper, we discuss important core issues in managing the patients with adrenal incidentaloma. After evaluating core proposition, we propose the most critical 20 recommendations from the initially organized 47 recommendations by Delphi technique.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Characterizing incidental mass lesions in abdominal dual-energy CT compared to conventional contrast-enhanced CT
    Jack Junchi Xu, Peter Sommer Ulriksen, Camilla Wium Bjerrum, Michael Patrick Achiam, Timothy Andrew Resch, Lars Lönn, Kristoffer Lindskov Hansen
    Acta Radiologica.2023; 64(3): 945.     CrossRef
  • Metastatic Adrenal PEComa: Case Report and Short Review of the Literature
    Enrico Battistella, Luca Pomba, Marica Mirabella, Michele Gregianin, Antonio Scapinello, Marco Volante, Antonio Toniato
    Medicina.2023; 59(1): 149.     CrossRef
  • Surgical management and outcomes of spinal metastasis of malignant adrenal tumor: A retrospective study of six cases and literature review
    Xiangzhi Ni, Jing Wang, Jiashi Cao, Kun Zhang, Shuming Hou, Xing Huang, Yuanjin Song, Xin Gao, Jianru Xiao, Tielong Liu
    Frontiers in Oncology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • An adrenal incidentaloma that had appeared to produce dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate in excess before immunohistochemical study of the tumor
    Toshihide Yamamoto, Takuma Kimura, Yuki Kubo, Shin-ichi Nakatsuka, Hiromasa Harada, Takashi Suzuki, Hironobu Sasano
    Endocrine Journal.2023; 70(1): 43.     CrossRef
  • Mortality Not Increased in Patients With Nonfunctional Adrenal Adenomas: A Matched Cohort Study
    Albin Kjellbom, Ola Lindgren, Malin Danielsson, Henrik Olsen, Magnus Löndahl
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2023; 108(8): e536.     CrossRef
  • Construction of a novel clinical nomogram to predict cancer-specific survival in patients with primary malignant adrenal tumors: a large population-based retrospective study
    Mingzhen Li, Xiaoying Duan, Di You, Linlin Liu
    Frontiers in Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Primary Aldosteronism Prevalence – An Unfolding Story
    Suranut Charoensri, Adina F. Turcu
    Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes.2023; 131(07/08): 394.     CrossRef
  • Management of Adrenal Cortical Adenomas: Assessment of Bone Status in Patients with (Non-Functioning) Adrenal Incidentalomas
    Alexandra-Ioana Trandafir, Mihaela Stanciu, Simona Elena Albu, Vasile Razvan Stoian, Irina Ciofu, Cristian Persu, Claudiu Nistor, Mara Carsote
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(13): 4244.     CrossRef
  • Clinical manifestations of functionally autonomous cortisol secretion in patients with adrenal masse
    T. R. Chzhen, T. P. Kiseleva
    Ural Medical Journal.2023; 22(3): 13.     CrossRef
  • Tumor enlargement in adrenal incidentaloma is related to glaucoma: a new prognostic feature?
    M. Caputo, T. Daffara, A. Ferrero, M. Romanisio, E. Monti, C. Mele, M. Zavattaro, S. Tricca, A. Siani, A. Clemente, C. Palumbo, S. De Cillà, A. Carriero, A. Volpe, P. Marzullo, G. Aimaretti, F. Prodam
    Journal of Endocrinological Investigation.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Adrenal ganglioneuroma: Features and outcomes of cases report
    Pei Li, Rongchang Zhang, Guang Wang, Jiongming Li
    Asian Journal of Surgery.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Recent Updates on the Management of Adrenal Incidentalomas
    Seung Shin Park, Jung Hee Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2023; 38(4): 373.     CrossRef
  • Computer-assisted Reporting and Decision Support Increases Compliance with Follow-up Imaging and Hormonal Screening of Adrenal Incidentalomas
    Renata R. Almeida, Bernardo C. Bizzo, Ramandeep Singh, Katherine P. Andriole, Tarik K. Alkasab
    Academic Radiology.2022; 29(2): 236.     CrossRef
  • Incidental Adrenal Masses: Adherence to Guidelines and Methods to Improve Initial Follow-Up: A Systematic Review
    Timothy Feeney, Andrea Madiedo, Philip E. Knapp, Avneesh Gupta, David McAneny, Frederick Thurston Drake
    Journal of Surgical Research.2022; 269: 18.     CrossRef
  • Incidental Adrenal Lesions May Not Always Require Further Imaging Work-up
    Deborah A. Baumgarten
    Radiology.2022; 302(1): 138.     CrossRef
  • Adrenal Nodules Detected at Staging CT in Patients with Resectable Gastric Cancers Have a Low Incidence of Malignancy
    Hae Young Kim, Won Chang, Yoon Jin Lee, Ji Hoon Park, Jungheum Cho, Hee Young Na, Hyungwoo Ahn, Sung Il Hwang, Hak Jong Lee, Young Hoon Kim, Kyoung Ho Lee
    Radiology.2022; 302(1): 129.     CrossRef
  • Management of incidental adrenal nodules: a survey of abdominal radiologists conducted by the Society of Abdominal Radiology Disease-Focused Panel on Adrenal Neoplasms
    Michael T. Corwin, Nicola Schieda, Erick M. Remer, Elaine M. Caoili
    Abdominal Radiology.2022; 47(4): 1360.     CrossRef
  • Primary hyperaldosteronism: indications for screening
    Novella M. Chikhladze
    Terapevticheskii arkhiv.2022; 94(1): 107.     CrossRef
  • Pathophysiological Link between Insulin Resistance and Adrenal Incidentalomas
    Jordan A. Higgs, Alyssa P. Quinn, Kevin D. Seely, Zeke Richards, Shad P. Mortensen, Cody S. Crandall, Amanda E. Brooks
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2022; 23(8): 4340.     CrossRef
  • Can Radiomics Provide Additional Diagnostic Value for Identifying Adrenal Lipid-Poor Adenomas From Non-Adenomas on Unenhanced CT?
    Binhao Zhang, Huangqi Zhang, Xin Li, Shengze Jin, Jiawen Yang, Wenting Pan, Xue Dong, Jin Chen, Wenbin Ji
    Frontiers in Oncology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Adrenal Surgery in the Era of Multidisciplinary Endocrine Tumor Boards
    Costanza Chiapponi, Daniel Pinto Dos Santos, Milan Janis Michael Hartmann, Matthias Schmidt, Michael Faust, Roger Wahba, Christiane Josephine Bruns, Anne Maria Schultheis, Hakan Alakus
    Hormone and Metabolic Research.2022; 54(05): 294.     CrossRef
  • Optimal and novel imaging of the adrenal glands
    Patrick J. Navin, Michael R. Moynagh
    Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes & Obesity.2022; 29(3): 253.     CrossRef
  • Adrenal Tumors in Young Adults: Case Reports and Literature Review
    Małgorzata Zdrojewska, Emilia Mech-Siebieszuk, Renata Świątkowska-Stodulska, Bartosz Regent, Michał Kunc, Łukasz Zdrojewski, Krzysztof Sworczak
    Medicina.2022; 58(6): 746.     CrossRef
  • Incidence of malignancy in adrenal nodules detected on staging CTs of patients with potentially resectable colorectal cancer
    Hae Young Kim, Yoon Jin Lee, Won Chang, Ji Hoon Park, Jungheum Cho, Hyeon Jeong Oh, Young Hoon Kim, Kyoung Ho Lee
    European Radiology.2022; 32(12): 8560.     CrossRef
  • Appendiceal Incidentalomas: Prevalence, Radiographic Characteristics, Management, and Outcomes
    Adam Kelly, Stacy O’Connor, Diana Kane, Chiang-Ching Huang, Harveshp Mogal
    Annals of Surgical Oncology.2022; 29(13): 8265.     CrossRef
  • Laparoscopic large adrenal mass resection: why we should be more careful?
    Mohsen Varyani, Mahmood Parvin, Hamidreza Akbari Gilani
    African Journal of Urology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Serum Visfatin/NAMPT as a Potential Risk Predictor for Malignancy of Adrenal Tumors
    Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Hanna Komarowska, Dawid Gruszczyński, Aleksandra Derwich, Anna Klimont, Marek Ruchała
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2022; 11(19): 5563.     CrossRef
  • Application of radiomics in adrenal incidentaloma: a literature review
    Cheng Li, Yan Fu, Xiaoping Yi, Xiao Guan, Longfei Liu, Bihong T. Chen
    Discover Oncology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Hormone-inactive adrenal tumors in clinician’s practice
    T. R. Chzhen, T. P. Kiseleva
    Perm Medical Journal.2022; 39(5): 48.     CrossRef
  • The diagnostic value of salivary cortisol and salivary cortisone in patients with suspected hypercortisolism
    Vendela Berndt, Per Dahlqvist, Jennie de Verdier, Henrik Ryberg, Oskar Ragnarsson
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Role of Intraoperative Indocyanine Green (ICG) and Preoperative 3-Dimensional (3D) Reconstruction in Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy: A Propensity Score-matched Analysis
    Giuseppe Palomba, Vincenza Paola Dinuzzi, Francesca Pegoraro, Roberto Ivan Troisi, Roberto Montalti, Giovanni Domenico De Palma, Giovanni Aprea
    Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques.2022; 32(6): 643.     CrossRef
  • The Etiological Profile of Adrenal Incidentalomas
    Fatima-Zahra Lahmamssi, Loubna Saadaoui, Hayat Aynaou, Houda Salhi, Hanan El Ouahabi
    Cureus.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Forty Years Together, New Leap Forward! The 40th Anniversary of the Korean Endocrine Society
    Jong Chul Won, Ki-Hyun Baek
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2022; 37(6): 851.     CrossRef
  • Conduite à tenir face à un fortuitome surrénalien chez le chien ou le chat
    Diane Pichard, Ghita Benckekroun
    Le Nouveau Praticien Vétérinaire canine & féline.2022; 19(82): 40.     CrossRef
  • Laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy: a comparative study of different techniques for vessel sealing
    Luca Cardinali, Edlira Skrami, Elisa Catani, Flavia Carle, Monica Ortenzi, Andrea Balla, Mario Guerrieri
    Surgical Endoscopy.2021; 35(2): 673.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology and Comorbidity of Adrenal Cushing Syndrome: A Nationwide Cohort Study
    Chang Ho Ahn, Jung Hee Kim, Man Young Park, Sang Wan Kim
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2021; 106(3): e1362.     CrossRef
  • Urine steroid profile as a new promising tool for the evaluation of adrenal tumors. Literature review
    Marta Araujo-Castro, Pablo Valderrábano, Héctor F. Escobar-Morreale, Felicia A. Hanzu, Gregori Casals
    Endocrine.2021; 72(1): 40.     CrossRef
  • A Rare Neoplasm: Primary Adrenal Leiomyosarcoma
    Jack T. Barnett, Christine W. Liaw, Reza Mehrazin
    Urology.2021; 148: e11.     CrossRef
  • Adrenal Ganglioneuroma Presenting as an Incidentaloma in an Adolescent Patient
    Sonia G. Sharma, Steven N. Levine, Xin Gu
    AACE Clinical Case Reports.2021; 7(1): 61.     CrossRef
  • Feasibility of Iodine-131 6β-Methyl-Iodo-19 Norcholesterol (NP-59) Scintigraphy to Complement Adrenal Venous Sampling in Management of Primary Aldosteronism: A Case Series
    Jeongmin Lee, Jeonghoon Ha, Sang-Kuon Lee, Hye Lim Park, Sung-Hoon Kim, Dong-Jun Lim, Jung Min Lee, Sang-Ah Chang, Moo Il Kang, Min-Hee Kim
    International Journal of General Medicine.2021; Volume 14: 673.     CrossRef
  • Best Achievements in Pituitary and Adrenal Diseases in 2020
    Chang Ho Ahn, Jung Hee Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(1): 51.     CrossRef
  • Adrenal surgery: Review of 35 years experience in a single centre
    Enrico Battistella, Stefania Ferrari, Luca Pomba, Antonio Toniato
    Surgical Oncology.2021; 37: 101554.     CrossRef
  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma: A Case of Missed Diagnosis
    Yusef Hazimeh, Carlie Sigel, Carsello Carie, Mathew Leinung, Zaynab Khalaf
    Cureus.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Imagerie fonctionnelle en endocrinologie : nouveaux paradigmes à l’horizon 2020
    E. Marchal
    Médecine Nucléaire.2021; 45(3): 158.     CrossRef
  • Adrenal Incidentaloma
    Caren G. Solomon, Electron Kebebew
    New England Journal of Medicine.2021; 384(16): 1542.     CrossRef
  • Can Hematological Parameters Play a Role in the Differential Diagnosis of Adrenal Tumors?
    Mehmet Gürkan Arıkan, Göktan Altuğ Öz, Nur Gülce İşkan, Necdet Süt, İlkan Yüksel, Ersan Arda
    Uro.2021; 1(2): 39.     CrossRef
  • Incidental Adrenal Nodules
    Daniel I. Glazer, Michael T. Corwin, William W. Mayo-Smith
    Radiologic Clinics of North America.2021; 59(4): 591.     CrossRef
  • Antioxidant Barrier and Oxidative Damage to Proteins, Lipids, and DNA/RNA in Adrenal Tumor Patients
    Barbara Choromańska, Piotr Myśliwiec, Tomasz Kozłowski, Magdalena Łuba, Piotr Wojskowicz, Jacek Dadan, Hanna Myśliwiec, Katarzyna Choromańska, Anna Gibała, Anna Starzyńska, Małgorzata Żendzian-Piotrowska, Anna Zalewska, Mateusz Maciejczyk, Jos L. Quiles
    Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • Laparoscopic Retroperitoneoscopic Removal of an Adrenal Hemangioma: a Case Report
    Kristin McCoy, Katherine Howe, Daniel Tershak
    Journal of Endocrine Surgery.2021; 21(3): 70.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic Subtyping of Adrenal Tumors: Prospective Multi-Center Cohort Study in Korea
    Eu Jeong Ku, Chaelin Lee, Jaeyoon Shim, Sihoon Lee, Kyoung-Ah Kim, Sang Wan Kim, Yumie Rhee, Hyo-Jeong Kim, Jung Soo Lim, Choon Hee Chung, Sung Wan Chun, Soon-Jib Yoo, Ohk-Hyun Ryu, Ho Chan Cho, A Ram Hong, Chang Ho Ahn, Jung Hee Kim, Man Ho Choi
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(5): 1131.     CrossRef
  • Cross-Talk Between Nitrosative Stress, Inflammation and Hypoxia-Inducible Factor in Patients with Adrenal Masses
    Barbara Choromańska, Piotr Myśliwiec, Tomasz Kozłowski, Magdalena Łuba, Piotr Wojskowicz, Jacek Dadan, Hanna Myśliwiec, Katarzyna Choromańska, Katarzyna Makarewicz, Anna Zalewska, Mateusz Maciejczyk
    Journal of Inflammation Research.2021; Volume 14: 6317.     CrossRef
  • Cirugía laparoscópica en incidentaloma suprarrenal para el cirujano general: serie de casos
    Martín Adrián Bolívar-Rodríguez, Marcel Antonio Cázarez-Aguilar, Pedro Alejandro Magaña-Zavala, Francisco Magaña-Olivas, José Martín Niebla-Moreno
    Revista Mexicana de Cirugía Endoscópica.2021; 22(1): 8.     CrossRef
  • Adrenal adenomas: what to do with them? Review 2
    S. Rybakov
    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY (Ukraine).2021; 17(3): 241.     CrossRef
  • Is Follow-up of Adrenal Incidentalomas Always Mandatory?
    Giuseppe Reimondo, Alessandra Muller, Elisa Ingargiola, Soraya Puglisi, Massimo Terzolo
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2020; 35(1): 26.     CrossRef
  • Imaging Findings of Primary Adrenal Leiomyosarcoma: A Case Report
    Hye Ran Yoon, Dong Hee Park
    Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology.2020; 81(2): 459.     CrossRef
  • WFUMB position paper on the management incidental findings: adrenal incidentaloma
    Christoph F. Dietrich, Jean Michel Correas, Yi Dong, Christian Nolsoe, Susan Campbell Westerway, Christian Jenssen
    Ultrasonography.2020; 39(1): 11.     CrossRef
  • A nationwide survey of adrenal incidentalomas in Japan: the first report of clinical and epidemiological features
    Takamasa Ichijo, Hajime Ueshiba, Hajime Nawata, Toshihiko Yanase
    Endocrine Journal.2020; 67(2): 141.     CrossRef
  • Mimics, pitfalls, and misdiagnoses of adrenal masses on CT and MRI
    Khaled M. Elsayes, Mohab M. Elmohr, Sanaz Javadi, Christine O. Menias, Erick M. Remer, Ajaykumar C. Morani, Akram M. Shaaban
    Abdominal Radiology.2020; 45(4): 982.     CrossRef
  • Adrenal Incidentaloma
    Mark Sherlock, Andrew Scarsbrook, Afroze Abbas, Sheila Fraser, Padiporn Limumpornpetch, Rosemary Dineen, Paul M Stewart
    Endocrine Reviews.2020; 41(6): 775.     CrossRef
  • A Web Application for Adrenal Incidentaloma Identification, Tracking, and Management Using Machine Learning
    Wasif Bala, Jackson Steinkamp, Timothy Feeney, Avneesh Gupta, Abhinav Sharma, Jake Kantrowitz, Nicholas Cordella, James Moses, Frederick Thurston Drake
    Applied Clinical Informatics.2020; 11(04): 606.     CrossRef
  • Presentation and outcome of patients with an adrenal mass: A retrospective observational study
    Nadeema Rafiq, Tauseef Nabi, SajadAhmad Dar, Shahnawaz Rasool
    Clinical Cancer Investigation Journal.2020; 9(5): 198.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Functionality and Growth Rates in Adrenal Incidentalomas: Single Center Experience
    Suna AVCI, Yüksel Aslı OZTURKMEN, Sayid ZUHUR, Gulkan OZKAN, Elif GUVEN, Nazan DEMİR, Yuksel ALTUNTAS
    Phoenix Medical Journal.2020; 2(3): 125.     CrossRef
  • Percutaneous Adrenal Radiofrequency Ablation: A Short Review for Endocrinologists
    Byung Kwan Park
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2020; 35(4): 750.     CrossRef
  • Autonomous cortisol secretion in adrenal incidentalomas
    Marta Araujo-Castro, Miguel Antonio Sampedro Núñez, Mónica Marazuela
    Endocrine.2019; 64(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Primary adrenal schwannoma: a series of 31 cases emphasizing their clinicopathologic features and favorable prognosis
    Jun Zhou, Dandan Zhang, Wencai Li, Luting Zhou, Haimin Xu, Saifang Zheng, Chaofu Wang
    Endocrine.2019; 65(3): 662.     CrossRef
  • Challenging risk factors for right and left laparoscopic adrenalectomy: A single centre experience with 272 cases
    Kadir Omur Gunseren, Mehmet Cagatay Cicek, Hakan Vuruskan, Yakup Kordan, Ismet Yavascaoglu
    International braz j urol.2019; 45(4): 747.     CrossRef
  • A case report on 111In chloride bone marrow scintigraphy in management of adrenal myelolipoma
    Tatsuya Yamamoto, Mitsuru Koizumi, Atsushi Kohno, Noboru Numao, Kentaro Inamura
    Medicine.2019; 98(8): e14625.     CrossRef
    I. V. Poddubny, Raisa S. Oganesyan, K. N. Tolstov, M. A. Kareva
    Russian Journal of Pediatric Surgery.2019; 23(5): 248.     CrossRef
  • Incidental neuroblastoma with bilateral retinoblastoma: what are the chances?
    Kelsey Roelofs, Furqan Shaikh, William Astle, Brenda L. Gallie, Sameh E. Soliman
    Ophthalmic Genetics.2018; 39(3): 410.     CrossRef
  • Surgical Considerations in Subclinical Cushing’s Syndrome. When is it Time to Operate?
    Alexander M. Nixon, C Aggeli, C Tserkezis, GN Zografos
    Hellenic Journal of Surgery.2018; 90(1): 27.     CrossRef
  • Adrenal incidentaloma – diagnostic and treating problem – own experience
    Ryszard Pogorzelski, Krzysztof Celejewski, Sadegh Toutounchi, Ewa Krajewska, Tomasz Wołoszko, Małgorzata Szostek, Wawrzyniec Jakuczun, Patryk Fiszer, Małgorzata Legocka, Zbigniew Gałązka
    Open Medicine.2018; 13(1): 281.     CrossRef
Obesity and Metabolism
Low Serum Testosterone Concentrations in Hospitalized Men with Poorly Controlled Type 2 Diabetes
Kyung-Soo Kim, San-Ha Kang, Moon-Jong Kim, Soo-Kyung Kim, Yoo-Lee Kim, Won-Keun Park, Seok Won Park, Yong-Wook Cho
Endocrinol Metab. 2014;29(4):574-578.   Published online December 29, 2014
  • 2,892 View
  • 26 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM

Our aim was to examine whether serum testosterone concentrations are in fact low in hospitalized men with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes compared with healthy men. In this study, 79 men aged 40 years or older (41 healthy men and 38 men with type 2 diabetes) were included. Total testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin levels were measured. The average duration of diagnosed diabetes was 10.8 years and the mean glycated hemoglobin value was 10.8%. Total testosterone concentrations were lower in men with type 2 diabetes than in healthy men, after adjusting for age and body mass index (3.83±0.32 ng/mL vs. 5.63±0.31 ng/mL, P<0.001). In conclusion, this study shows that serum testosterone concentrations are lower in hospitalized men with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes than in healthy men. Therefore, men with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes should undergo further assessment for hypogonadism.


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