Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism


Author index

Page Path
Se Yeon Kim  (Kim SY) 3 Articles
The Relationship between Lumbar Spine Bone Mineral Density and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Korean Female Adults.
Young Yul Koh, Eun Jung Rhee, Se Yeon Kim, Chan Hi Jung, Cheol Young Park, Won Young Lee, Ki Won Oh, Sung Woo Park, Sun Woo Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2006;21(6):497-505.   Published online December 1, 2006
  • 1,990 View
  • 19 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Recent studies suggest a possible pathogenic linkage between the osteoporosis and atherosclerosis. We investigated the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors, including high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), insulin resistance, lipid profiles and bone metabolism in Korean females. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements were performed on 437 women (mean age 52 yrs), and cardiovascular risk factors, including fasting blood glucose, fasting blood insulin, lipid profiles and hs-CRP, measured. An atherogenic index was calculated using the serum total cholesterol level divided by the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level. The lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) was measured using dual X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: From bivariate analyses, the lumbar spine BMD showed negative correlations with age, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglyceride levels and atherogenic index, and a positive correlation with the HDL-C level. After adjustment for age and BMI, the atherogenic index and HDL-C showed consistent correlation with the lumbar spine BMD. The log-transformed hs-CRP showed no correlation with the lumbar spine BMD. In premenopausal women, age, BMI and atherogenic index showed significant associations with the lumbar spine BMD and the atherogenic index showed consistently significant correlation, even after adjustment for age and BMI. In postmenopausal women, only age and BMI showed significant correlations with the lumbar spine BMD. From multiple linear regression analyses of all the study subjects, age, BMI, atherogenic index and the presence of menopause were found to be determinants of the lumbar spine BMD (R2 = 0.422, p < 0.05), which was consistently significant in analysis performed on premenopausal women (R2 = 0.157, P < 0.05). In postmenopausal women, age and BMI were found to be the determinants of the lumbar spine BMD (R2 = 0.257, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The lumbar spine BMD was negatively correlated with the atherogenic index in all and in premenopausal women. The menopause seems to play an important role in the relationship of cardiovascular risk factors with BMD in Korean females.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comparison of Relationship between Biochemical Indices and Bone Mineral Densityof Pre- and Post- Menopausal Women in Gyeongnam Area
    Mi-Young Park, Sung-Hee Kim
    Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life.2017; 27(4): 408.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Plasma Lipids and Osteoporosis in Korean Postmenopausal Women
    Kyung Shik Lee, Jae Hwan Cho, Chang Hae Park, Bo Seung Kim, Kyung Hwan Cho, Seung Hwan Lee, Byung Jun Ko, Do Hoon Kim
    Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society.2011; 15(2): 99.     CrossRef
  • Relationships among Obesity, Bone Mineral Density, and Cardiovascular Risks in Post-menopausal Women
    Heeyoung So, Sukhee Ahn, Rhayun Song, Hyunli Kim
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2010; 16(3): 224.     CrossRef
  • Association of the Metabolic Syndrome and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women
    Jong-Chang Park, Hyuk-Jung Kweon, Yun-Kyo Oh, Hyun-Jin Do, Seung-Won Oh, Youl-Lee Lym, Jae-Kyung Choi, Hee-Kyung Joh, Dong-Yung Cho
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2010; 31(1): 9.     CrossRef
Close layer
The Relationship of Ghrelin and Leptin with the Biochemical Markers for Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency.
Chan Hee Jung, Eun Jung Rhee, Se Yeon Kim, Ki Won Oh, Won Young Lee, Sun Woo Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2006;21(3):213-221.   Published online June 1, 2006
  • 2,648 View
  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
In spite of the increasing information that has recently been accumulated on the involvement of ghrelin and leptin in energy balance control, the relationship between ghrelin or leptin and the growth hormone (GH)-Insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) axis in the pathological condition characterized by growth hormone deficiency (GHD) has been poorly clarified. Therefore, we performed this study to evaluate the correlation of the plasma levels of ghrelin and leptin with the anthropometric and biochemical markers in GHD adults and also in healthy adults. METHODS: For the 60 male adults (GHD, n = 12; healthy control, n = 48; average age, 54 years), we investigated the correlations between the serum leptin and ghrelin levels with the anthropometric and biochemical factors in the two groups, as divided by their GH status. The diagnosis of GHD was made on the basis of a peak response for serum GH of less than 5 micro/L to a GH provocative test (L-dopa test). All the subjects underwent assessment of waist circumference, BMI and percentage body fat for their body composition. The plasma ghrelin, leptin, insulin, GH and IGF-1 were measured. RESULTS: The groups were well-matched for their age, BMI, waist circumference and percentage of body fat. The ghrelin and leptin levels were not significantly different between the two groups. There was no correlation between the peak GH level or the area under the curve of growth hormone (GHAUC) and the ghrelin concentrations in the GHD subjects. Plasma leptin correlated positively with the percentage of body fat, the total cholesterol and the LDL-cholesterol, but it had no correlation with the peak GH or GHAUC in the GHD subjects. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible that the ghrelin concentrations appeared normal in the GHD subjects. Further studies are needed to clarify these controversies about the relation of ghrelin and leptin with the GH and IGF-1 levels.
Close layer
The Effects of C161-->T Polymorphisms in Exon 6 of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor- Gene on Bone Mineral Metabolism and Serum Osteoprotegerin Levels in Healthy Korean Middle-aged Men.
Eun Jung Rhee, Won Young Lee, Se Yeon Kim, Eun Sook Oh, Ki Hyun Baek, Ki Won Oh, Kyung Chang Park, Ki Ok Han, Hyun Koo Yoon, Moo Il Kang, Sun Woo Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2004;19(2):181-193.   Published online April 1, 2004
  • 1,035 View
  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) is a member of the nuclear receptor family known to be involved in adipocyte differentiation. Recent studies have revealed the inhibitory role of PPAR in osteoblastogenesis, which suggests its possibility as a candidate gene for osteoporosis. The frequency of C161-->T substitution in exon 6 of PPAR was observed in Korean men and the association of different genotypes with bone turnover markers, bone mineral density (BMD) and serum osteoprotegerin (OPG), which play inhibitory roles in osteoclastogenesis, examined. METHODS: In 72 healthy Korean men (mean age 54.5 6.4 yrs; range 42~69 yrs), anthropometric measurements, and lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD, and bone turnover markers, such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP), serum calcium, phosphorus, osteocalcin and cross-linked C-telopeptides of type I collagen (ICTP) measurements were performed. The levels of serum testosterone, estradiol and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I), and those of serum OPG levels, were measured with a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. The DNAs were extracted from the samples, and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and the sequencing of the products were performed to confirm the substitution. RESULTS: The allele frequencies were 0.799 and 0.201 for the C and T allele, respectively, which were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (p=0.80). Subjects with the CT genotype were older and those with the T allele showed higher blood pressure levels and lower body mass indices (p<0.05) than those with the CC genotypes. There were no differences in the bone turnover markers between the different genotypes (p>0.05). The levels of serum testosterone, estradiol, IGF-I and OPG were not different among the different genotype groups (p>0.05). The lumbar, femoral neck BMD (g/cm2) and T scores were significantly lower in subjects with T alleles, and those with CT genotypes showed the lowest BMD values (p<0.05). When the subjects were divided into 3 groups, i.e., normal, osteopenic and osteoporotic groups, according to the lumbar spine BMD, the group with the T allele had a significantly higher prevalence of osteopenia and smaller numbers with normal BMD than those with the CC genotype (p=0.032). CONCLUSION: The frequencies of the C161-->T substitution in exon 6 of the PPAR gene in Korean men were similar to those observed in other races, and those with the T alleles showed significantly lower BMD values. These data imply the PPAR gene might be a candidate gene for the pathogenesis of osteoporosis
Close layer

Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism