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Sang Woo Han  (Han SW) 1 Article
A Case of the Milk-alkali Syndrome During Management of Idiopathic Hypoparathyroidism.
Yong Wan Park, Sung Rae Kim, Jung Min Lee, Seong Hun Kim, Sang Woo Han, Soon Jib Yoo, Kun Ho Yoon, Moo Il Kang, Bong Yun Cha, Kwang Woo Lee, Ho Young Son, Sung Koo Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2004;19(4):439-445.   Published online August 1, 2004
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Idiopathic hypoparathyroidism is a relatively rare disease characterized by hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia: this is due to a deficiency or a sereretory disorder of the parathyroid hormone without any prior operation nor underlying medical disoder. Calcium carbonate and vitamin D substitution are generally considered as the mainstay of therapy, but these treatments can cause hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria. Persistent ingestion of large amount of calcium carbonate can cause milk-alkali syndrome that is characterized by hypercalcemia, metabolic alkalosis and renal failure. Once a patient is diagnosed with milk-alkali syndrome, withdrawal of calcium carbonate and vitamin D is essential and treatment with saline diuresis and furosemide is the usually effective. In treatmenf of hypoparathyroidism with calcium carbonate and vitamin D substitution, evaluation of serum calcium and urinary calcium excretion is essential to avoid hypercalcemia and ypercalciuria. We concluded that during treatment with calcium carbonate and vitamin D substitution for patients with idiopathic hypoparathyroidism, they should have carefully laboratory monitoring, and they should be made aware of the circumstances influencing calcium metabolism
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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism