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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism


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Rebecca J. Schmidt 1 Article
Prenatal Exposure to Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances, Maternal Thyroid Dysfunction, and Child Autism Spectrum Disorder
Hyeong-Moo Shin, Jiwon Oh, Rebecca J. Schmidt, Elizabeth N. Pearce
Endocrinol Metab. 2022;37(6):819-829.   Published online November 23, 2022
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with its high economic and societal costs, is a growing public health concern whose prevalence has risen steadily over the last two decades. Although actual increased incidence versus improved diagnosis remains controversial, the increased prevalence of ASD suggests non-inherited factors as likely contributors. There is increasing epidemiologic evidence that abnormal maternal thyroid function during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of child ASD and other neurodevelopmental disorders. Prenatal exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals such as per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) is known to disrupt thyroid function and can affect early brain development; thus, thyroid dysfunction is hypothesized to mediate this relationship. The concept of a potential pathway from prenatal PFAS exposure through thyroid dysfunction to ASD etiology is not new; however, the extant literature on this topic is scant. The aim of this review is to evaluate and summarize reports with regard to potential mechanisms in this pathway.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Endocrine Disruptors and Thyroid Health
    Elizabeth N. Pearce
    Endocrine Practice.2024; 30(2): 172.     CrossRef
  • Maternal Thyroid Dysfunction During Pregnancy as an Etiologic Factor in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Challenges and Opportunities for Research
    Zoe B. Kaplan, Elizabeth N. Pearce, Sun Y. Lee, Hyeong-Moo Shin, Rebecca J. Schmidt
    Thyroid®.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals on Human Health
    Jun Hyung Lee, Sung-Eun Cho
    Laboratory Medicine Online.2023; 13(3): 129.     CrossRef
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