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Moon Ho Kang  (Kang MH) 14 Articles
Association between Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver and Metabolic Diseases.
Hong Kyu Kim, Chan Jong Suh, Hyo Joong Yoon, Yong Ha Hwang, Kee Young Lee, Hye Young Park, Kap Hwan Kim, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2002;17(4):526-534.   Published online August 1, 2002
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BACKGROUND
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is known to be frequently associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia. Recently, the diagnosis of fatty liver disease, based on ultrasonographic findings, has increased. Therefore, we examined the association between NAFLD and various metabolic diseases, such as obesity, glucose intolerance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension or metabolic syndrome, and tried to find out whether NAFLD was independently related to insulin resistance. METHODS: From April to June 2000, 262 subjects, attending for routine physical check-ups, were screened. Of these, 115 one hundred fifteen subjects were studied, with the other 147 excluded due to significant alcohol consumption, evidence of viral or toxic hepatitis, significant liver or renal dysfunction, and overt thyroid disease. Fatty liver was diagnosed if the subject had a "bright" liver on ultrasonographic examination. All diagnoses were made by a single experienced radiologist. RESULTS: Of the 115 subjects. 30 (26%) showed NAFLD. 1. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures, body weight, serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, fasting insulin levels and HOMA IR (homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index) were higher in the subjects with NAFLD than in the controls. 2. Multiple logistic regression analysis, including age, sex, BMI, waist to hip ratio, fasting serum glucose, lipids and insulin levels, HOMA IR, and hypertension showed that BMI, total cholesterol and HOMA IR were independently related with NAFLD. 3. 27% of the subjects with NAFLD showed metabolic syndrome, and 53% of subjects with metabolic syndrome had NAFLD. 4. The percentage of subjects who had more than two factors of metabolic syndrome was three times higher in the subjects with NAFLD compared to the controls. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that NAFLD may be independently related with insulin resistance. Metabolic diseases, such as glucose intolerance, obesity, dyslipidemia and hypertension, were more prevalent in the subjects with NAFLD than in the controls. Therefore, we should try to assess the status of the metabolic diseases, and treat them in patients with NAFLD.
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A Case of Adrenocortical Adenoma Causing Cushing's Syndrome with Contralateral Nonfunctioning Adenoma.
Sun Young Kyung, Hye Sook Hahn, Hyo Joong Yoon, Young Ha Hwang, Chan Jong Seo, Yeon Sil Jeong, Hong Kyu Kim, Hye Young Park, Hyung Sik Kim, Jeong Nam Lee, Seung Yeon Ha, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2002;17(2):286-291.   Published online April 1, 2002
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We report the case of a 43-year-old woman with Cushing's syndrome showing bilateral adrenococortical adenomas. We performed bilateral selective adrenal vein samplings. Hypersecretion of cortisol on the left sided adrenal tumor was observed, but no evidence of cortisol hypersecretion from the adrenal tumor on the right side was observed. The left adrenal tumor was resected selectively, but the right adrenal gland was reserved. The left adrenal tumor was histologically diagnosed as a adrenal adenoma without any evidence of nodular hyperplasia. Following the resection of the left adrenal gland, no cortisol hypersecretion from the remaining adrenal tumor on the right side was observed until now, suggesting that a selective adrenalectomy of functioning adenoma may be an acceptable treatment modality.
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Recurrence of Subacute Thyroiditis: Report of Two Cases.
Hyo Joong Yoon, Yong Ha Hwang, Ki Young Lee, Hong Kyu Kim, Hye Young Park, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2002;17(1):124-129.   Published online February 1, 2002
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Subacute thyroiditis is a self-limited inflammatory disease of viral etiology. Patients of subacute thyroiditis usually recover completely with no sequelae and recurrences are infrequent. We report two cases of recurrent subacute thyroiditis. Case 1) A 21-year-old female visited the hospital for evaluation of neck pain. She had a history of antecedent upper respiratory infection, which had been followed for 10 days. She experienced heat intolerance, sweating, palpitation and tremor. On physical examination, her heart rate was 108/min and diffuse, firm and tender goiter was palpated. Thyrotoxicosis and decreased uptake on thyroid scan were found. We diagnosed subacute thyroiditis and she recovered with salicylate and beta blocker treatment. Two years later, she revisited our hospital with the same complaint. Typical findings of subacute thyroiditis were noticed. She recovered once more with the same treatment regimen. Case 2) A 54-year-old female visited the hospital for evaluation of neck pain. She had a history of antecedent upper respiratory infection, which was followed for 14 days. She experienced heat intolerance, sweating, palpitation and weight loss. On physical examination, her heart rate was 112/min and diffuse, firm and tender goiter was palpated. Thyrotoxicosis and decreased uptake on thyroid scan were found. We diagnosed subacute thyroiditis and recovered with prednisolone and beta blocker treatment. About eight months later, she revisited our hospital with the same complaint. Typical findings of subacute thyroiditis were noticed.We report two subjects who experienced recurrent episodes of subacute thyroiditis separated by periods of 24 and 8 months. These cases serve as a reminder that recurrence of subacute thyroiditis can occur.
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A Case of Adrenalectomy after Preterm Delivery in Cushing's Syndrome of Third Trimester Pregnant Woman.
Kwang Sik Song, Jae Kyung Hwang, Ki Tak Ju, Hang Jin Lee, Suk Ho Song, Ki Young Lee, Chan Jong Suh, Hong Kyu Kim, Hyu Young Park, Dal Mo Yang, Young Ha Oh, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2001;16(1):134-139.   Published online February 1, 2001
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A renin- or angiotensin-II responsive aldosterone producing tumor is a rare cause of primary hyperaldosteronism. This tumor can be identified by tests that show that the aldosterone producing adrenal tumor is not fully autonomous. In other words partially it is responsible for the stimulation of aldosterone secretion that results aldosterone levels in an increase in serum in response to the upright posture and spironolactone treatment. Furthermore, the urinary 18-hydroxycortisol level is within the normal range. Because of different responses to surgical removal, the differential diagnosis of the causes of primary aldosteronism can't be overemphasized even for rare causes of primary aldosteronism such as unilateral nodular hyperplasia or a renin-responsible aldosterone producing tumor. We should consider renin or angiotensin-II responsive adrenal adenoma in the differential diagnosis of primary aldosteronism when biochemical data shows atypical results. Here we present the first case in Korea of a renin-responsive aldosterone producing adrenal adenoma which was fully accessible and was successfully treated by surgical removal. Also, sampling for aldosterone secretion just above the insertion site in the left renal vein before surgery showed a suspiciously abberant left adrenal vein drainage into the IVC, This was very helpful information during adrenal vein ligation in laparoscopic adrenalectomy.
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Hepatic Injury during Treatment with Antithyroid Drugs in Patients with Hyperthyroidism.
Ki Young Lee, Yun Jeong Lee, Soon Hong Hong, Sung Kwoen Jung, Hwa Eun Lee, Chan Jong Seo, Yon Sil Jung, Sung Kwang Lee, Hong Kyu Kim, Hye Young Park, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2000;15(4-5):554-560.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Propylthiouracil (PIV) and methimazole (MMI) were widely used for the treatment of hyperthyroidism. Hepatic injury caused by these agents is a rare but serious complication. This study is to investigate the clinical features of hepatotoxicity from antithyroid drugs. METHODS: We reviewed 17 cases of hepatic injury during treatment with antithyroid drugs in patients with hyperthyroidism. Included were 6 cases we experienced and 11 cases reported in Korean literature from 1986 to 1999. We analyzed the clinical features of hepatic injury. RESULTS: Of 17 cases of hepatic injury, 12 were PTU cases and 5 MMI cases. The mean age of PTU cases was 40 years with 6/12 patients over 40 years old and 2/5 MMI cases were over 40 years old. The dose of PTU was 300 mg/d or more in 10/12 cases (83%) and the dose of MMI was 30 mg/d in 3/5 cases (60%). The hepatic injury occurred within 3 months in 8/12 PTU cases (67%) and within 2 months in 4/5 MMI cases (80%). The duration of hepatic injury tended to be longer in MMI cases than in PTV cases (median; 80 vs 41 days, p=0.102). In PTU cases, the duration of hepatic injury was correlated with the duration of drug use before hepatic injury (p<0.05). All of 8 biopsied cases who took PTU had predominantly hepatocellular necrosis. Two biopsied cases who took MMI had cholestatic jaundice and nonspecific abnormality, respectively. Biochemical findings of all MMI cases were compatible with cholestatic jaundice. As to the treatment of hyperthyroidism after hepatic injury, 4/12 PTU cases were treated with RAI therapy, 5 with MMI and one with surgery, and treatment was unknown in two. On the other hand 3/5 MMI cases interestingly entered into spontaneous remission after hepatic injury and 2/5 had RAI therapy. Hepatic dysfunction recurred in each one whom treatment by changing to MMI or PTU was tried on. CONCLUSION: Most of hepatic injury during treatment with antithyroid drugs developed within two to three months of drug use. The hepatic injury related to PTU was mainly cytotoxic whereas that related to MMI was cholestatic. Since there is a cross-reaction between PTU and MMI in hepatotoxicity, RAI therapy or operation shoud be considered as an alternative treatment of hyperthyroidism after hepatic injury.
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Brain Metastasis from Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Report of 2 Cases.
Jung Gu Lee, Ki Young Lee, Yon Sil Jung, Hong Kyu Kim, Hye Young Park, Jong Ho Kim, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1999;14(4):745-751.   Published online January 1, 2001
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Papillary carcinoma, the commonest thyroid malignancy, has an indolent clinical course and carries a good prognosis. Metastasis usually occurs to regional lymph nodes, including cervical and upper mediastinal nodes. Distant metastasis is uncommon, lung and bone being the commonest sites. Brain metastasis from papillary thyroid cancer is rare, with a frequency of less than 1% in several reported series and an extremely poor prognosis. The first case was a 74-year-old female patient with papillary cancer who took total thyroidectomy followed by 131I therapy 1 month later. Two days after 131I therapy, she developed headache, vomiting and left hemiplegia. Brain MRI and 131I whole body scan showed solitary brain metastasis in right parietal lobe. After a few weeks her condition improved enough to maintain her usual daily activity despite mild motor weakness. The second one, a 64-year-old female patient presented with headache and vomiting. Two years previously, she had taken total thyroidectomy and 131I ablation therapy after diagnosis of thyroid papillary cancer. Eight months before, she had undergone radical neck dissection because of relapse in cervical lymph nodes. Brain MRI revealed multple metastatic lesions including cerebellum. This patient did not report for follow-up after 2 months of discharge.
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Therapeutic Response to Radioactive Iodine Treatment in Graves' Disease.
Hye Young Park, Hee Sang Kong, Yon Sil Jung, Sung Kwang Lee, Hong Kyu Kim, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1999;14(4):679-687.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Prediction of therapeutic response to radioactive iodine (RAI) in Graves disease is poorly understood. Although thyrotropin binding inhibitor immunoglobulin (TBII) level is a strong index for relapse after antithyroid drug treatment, conflicting results are described regarding its prognostic significance in Graves disease treated with RAI. This study is to evaluate possible prognostic factors including TBII wbich affect the outcome of RAI therapy in Graves disease. METHODS: Two hundred and one patients with Graves disease who were followed for over 12 months after RAI treatment were studied retrospectively. The subjects were divided into hypothyroid, euthyroid and hyperthyroid groups, based on the thyroid function evaluated at 12 months after RAI therapy. We evaluated the association of clinical parameters including patients age, goiter size, degree of hyperthyroidism and TBII index with outcome of RAI treatment. RESULTS: In Graves disease, response rate to RAI was 70.1% (hypothyroid 22.4% and euthyroid 47.7%) until 12th month. The mean age of hypothyroid group was 40+/-11 years, significantly older than that other groups (euthyroid: 33+/-12, hyperthyroid: 35+/-13, p<0.05). Initial level of thyroid function, duration of antithyroid drug treatment prior to RAI, goiter size and dosage of RAI were not significantly different between the groups. There were 61 patients who had both TBII tests before and after RAI. Twelve had negative TBII and 49 had positive TBII before RAI admini-stration. The rate of unremitted hyperthyroidism after RAI therapy was significantly lower in patients with negative TBII than in those with positive TBII prior to RAI treatment( 0% versus 46.9%, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Graves patients with positive TBII prior to RAI therapy were associated with lower therapeutic response to RAI than those with negatve TBII. And old age was associated with the development of early hypothyroidism after RAI therapy. These results suggest these factors be also considered in the treatment of Graves disease with RAI.
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Primary Aldosteronism Due to Aldosterone Producing Adenama in the Presence of Contralateral Nonfunctioning Adenama.
Ho Young Son, Eun Ah Kim, Jin Il Kwon, Young Joon Kim, Won Ho Chung, Kyung Rim Choi, Sang Jin Choi, Hye Young Park, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1998;13(2):223-229.   Published online January 1, 2001
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Primary aldosteronism is in most cases due either to a unilateral adrenal adenama or to a bilateral hyperplasia of the adrenal cortex. But, a few of bilateral adrena1 tumors in primary aldosteronism also have been reported. In these cases, it is important to differentiate the bilateral aldosterone producing adenomas from the unilateral aldosteronoma in the presence of a contralateral nonhmctioning adenoma for marking a treatment plan. We report a case of primary aldosteronism due to a unilateral aldosteronoma in the presence of a contralateral nonfunctioning adenoma. Abdominal CT sean revealed bilateral adrenal tumors, of which the functioning one was successfully localized using adrenal scintigraphy and selective adrenal venous sampling.
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A Case of Diabetes Insipidus in Patient with Sheehan's Syndrome.
Hye Young Park, Moon Ho Kang, Sung Gwang Lee, Jung Ho Youn, Yeoung Sook Kang, Deuk Jo Kim, Yun Young Choi, Hee Young Hwang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1996;11(1):108-113.   Published online November 7, 2019
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Sheehans syndrome is a known complication of pregnancy, It was described as a syndrome of hypopituitarysm due to acute ischemic necrosis of the anterior pituitary gland secondary to severe postpartum bleeding and shock. The neurophysis is usually preserved. But it can be involved in severe cases manifesting as diabetes insipidus. Because of its rare coexistence with Sheehans syndrome, diabetes insipidus is seldom recognized as a potential postpartum complication. The report describes a patient who developed Sheehans syndrome and diabetes insipidus immediately following delivery. Diabetes insipidus resolved spontaneously after 15 months, while panhypopituitarysm is persistent.
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Efficacy of Fluvastatin in Patients with Hypercholesterolemia.
Moon Ho Kang, Sung Gwang Lee, Jung Ho Youn, Tae Suk Kim, Seung Woon Ahn
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1996;11(1):75-84.   Published online November 7, 2019
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Background
Fluvastatin is the first entirely synthetic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A(HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor. Clinical data indicate that this agent exhibits the proven efficacy of its class and also has some theoretical advantages in safety for long-term use because of its unique pharmacololgic property consistent with hepatoselectivity(i.e., low systemic exposure). This study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of fluvastatin in hypercholesterolemic patients in Korea. Methods: An open clinical trial with fluvastatin was conducted in 31 subjects who continued to have high blood cholesterol levels of 6.21 mmol/L(240 mg/dl) or greater after 1 month of lipid-lowering diet plus single blind placebo period. Fluvastatin was administered for 8 weeks with the initial dose of 20 mg per day and if serum cholesterol levels did not fall below 5.20 mmol/L(200 mg/dl) after 4 weeks the dose was increased to 40 mg per day for the second 4 weeks. On each visit every 4 weeks they underwent interview and laboratory tests about side effects and tolerability. Results: The mean % changes in plasma total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol from baseline were -14.6% and -20.2% at 4 week, and -19.5% and -24.7% at 8 week respectively(p<0.001). No significant change in plasma triglyceride was found in the overall group, but when analysis is confined to those with hypertriglycedemia combined(TG>- 2.26 mmol/L or 200 mg/dl), plasma triglyceride levels were significantly reduced by 23.3% at 8 week(p<0.05). There was no significant change in HDL-cholesterol during fluvastatin treatment. Three patients had mild gastrointestinal symptoms and one patient developed drowsiness, no symptoms were severe enough to discontinue the medication. Notable laboratory abnormalities including serum transaminase and creatine kinase elevations were not observed. Conclusion: This study suggests that fluvastatin is an effective, safe, and well-tolerated lipid lowering agent in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. Controlled clinical studies on large scale and long-term basis should be followed.
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A Clinical Observation of Endocrine Adrenal Tumors.
Hye Young Park, Tae Suk Kim, Soo Jin Lee, Dong Gu Choi, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1994;9(3):228-238.   Published online November 6, 2019
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Endocrine adrenal tumors are uncommon but clinically significant because they can be managed successfully by surgical therapy. During pregnancy, adrenal tumors can be a cause of death for both mother and baby, unless they diagnoses antenatally and managed properly. To investigate clinical characteristics of endocrine adrenal tumors, we analyzed 26 cases of adrenal tumor diagnosed and managed in Chung Ang Gil Hospital including cases associated with pregnancy and also a rare case of paraganglioma in liver. 1) There were 7 cases of Cushing's syndrome among which two cases were due to Cushing's disease and five cases were due to adrenal adenoma. Six cases were managed successfully by appropriate surgery. Another one case was associated with pregnancy but the patient expired due to sudden development of pulmonary edema and hypotension during preoperative preparation.2) Among 9 cases of primary aldosteronism, 8 cases were aldosterone-producing adenoma(APA) and 1 case was idiopathic hyperaldosteronism(IHA). In differential diagnosis between APA and IHA, diagnostic accuracy of postural study and adrenal CT was 86%, 78% respectively. In each one case of APA and IHA, adrenal venous aldosterone sampling was used for the differential diagnosis. Six cases of APA were managed by appropriate surgery. One patient with APA who refuses surgery and one patient with IHA were placed on spironolactone with good response.3) Among 10 cases of pheochromocytoma, seven cases were from adrenal gland and three cases were paragangliomas including one case originating from liver and two cases from abdominal ganglia. One patient with pheochromocytoma was diagnosed in 1st trimester of pregnancy and she was successfully treated by surgery.We observed 26 cases of endocrine adrenal tumors which were successfully managed except one case. We think that it is important to pay attention to adrenal tumor for early diagnosis particulary when associated with pregnancy. Paraganglioma in liver, although very rare, should be included in the differential diagnosis of space occupying lesion in liver.
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Pachydermoperiostosis mimicking acromegaly.
Hong Kyu Lee, Jong Ho Kim, Jong You Kim, Hye Young Park, Eon Soo Shin, Hwan Joon Chang, In Soo Han, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1993;8(4):439-444.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
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Heterogeneity of thyroid stimulation blocking antibody according to the mechanism of action in autoimmune atrophic thyroiditis.
Jae Hoon Chung, Moon Ho Kang, Bo Youn Cho, Min Seon Kim, Hong Kyu Lee, Chang Soon Koh
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1993;8(4):404-413.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
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Successful management of pheochromocytoma in early pregnancy.
Bo In Jung, Jae Woong Choi, Yeon Sun Kim, Jin Iee Chung, Moon Ho Kang
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1991;6(2):179-186.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism