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Jung Hwan Cho  (Cho JH) 4 Articles
Diabetes, obesity and metabolism
Greater Severity of Steatosis Is Associated with a Higher Risk of Incident Diabetes: A Retrospective Longitudinal Study
Ji Min Han, Jung Hwan Cho, Hye In Kim, Sunghwan Suh, Yu-Ji Lee, Jung Won Lee, Kwang Min Kim, Ji Cheol Bae
Endocrinol Metab. 2023;38(4):418-425.   Published online July 12, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2023.1729
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  • 70 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Background
Fatty liver is associated with increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. We aimed to evaluate whether the severity of hepatic steatosis is associated with incident diabetes.
Methods
We conducted a longitudinal analysis using data from 1,798 participants who underwent a comprehensive health checkup and abdominal computed tomography (CT). We assessed the association between baseline liver attenuation value on non-contrast CT images and risk of incident diabetes. All the participants were categorized into three groups based on the baseline liver attenuation value on non-contrast CT images: without hepatic steatosis (>57 Hounsfield unit [HU]), mild hepatic steatosis (41–57 HU), and moderate to severe hepatic steatosis (≤40 HU).
Results
During a median follow-up period of 5 years, 6.0% of the study participants progressed to diabetes. The incidence of diabetes was 17.3% in the moderate to severe hepatic steatosis group, 9.0% in the mild steatosis group, and 2.9% in those without hepatic steatosis. In a multivariate adjustment model, as compared with participants without hepatic steatosis, those with moderate to severe steatosis had a hazard ratio (HR) of 3.24 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.64 to 4.2) for the development of diabetes, and those in the mild steatosis group had a HR of 2.33 (95% CI, 1.42 to 3.80). One standard deviation decrease in mean CT attenuation values of the liver was associated with a 40% increase in the development of diabetes (multivariate adjusted HR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.2 to 1.63).
Conclusion
We found a positive association between severity of hepatic steatosis and risk of incident diabetes. Greater severity of steatosis was associated with a higher risk of incident diabetes.
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Diabetes
Pioglitazone Attenuates Palmitate-Induced Inflammation and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Pancreatic β-Cells
Seok-Woo Hong, Jinmi Lee, Jung Hwan Cho, Hyemi Kwon, Se Eun Park, Eun-Jung Rhee, Cheol-Young Park, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park, Won-Young Lee
Endocrinol Metab. 2018;33(1):105-113.   Published online March 21, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2018.33.1.105
  • 5,978 View
  • 95 Download
  • 19 Web of Science
  • 22 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Background

The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activator gamma (PPARγ) is a useful therapeutic target for obesity and diabetes, but its role in protecting β-cell function and viability is unclear.

Methods

To identify the potential functions of PPARγ in β-cells, we treated mouse insulinoma 6 (MIN6) cells with the PPARγ agonist pioglitazone in conditions of lipotoxicity, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and inflammation.

Results

Palmitate-treated cells incubated with pioglitazone exhibited significant improvements in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and the repression of apoptosis, as shown by decreased caspase-3 cleavage and poly (adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase activity. Pioglitazone also reversed the palmitate-induced expression of inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin 6 [IL-6], and IL-1β) and ER stress markers (phosphor-eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α, glucose-regulated protein 78 [GRP78], cleaved-activating transcription factor 6 [ATF6], and C/EBP homologous protein [CHOP]), and pioglitazone significantly attenuated inflammation and ER stress in lipopolysaccharide- or tunicamycin-treated MIN6 cells. The protective effect of pioglitazone was also tested in pancreatic islets from high-fat-fed KK-Ay mice administered 0.02% (wt/wt) pioglitazone or vehicle for 6 weeks. Pioglitazone remarkably reduced the expression of ATF6α, GRP78, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, prevented α-cell infiltration into the pancreatic islets, and upregulated glucose transporter 2 (Glut2) expression in β-cells. Moreover, the preservation of β-cells by pioglitazone was accompanied by a significant reduction of blood glucose levels.

Conclusion

Altogether, these results support the proposal that PPARγ agonists not only suppress insulin resistance, but also prevent β-cell impairment via protection against ER stress and inflammation. The activation of PPARγ might be a new therapeutic approach for improving β-cell survival and insulin secretion in patients with diabetes mellitus

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prosthetic vascular grafts engineered to combat calcification: Progress and future directions
    Taylor K. Brown, Sara Alharbi, Karen J. Ho, Bin Jiang
    Biotechnology and Bioengineering.2023; 120(4): 953.     CrossRef
  • Obesity, diabetes mellitus, and cardiometabolic risk: An Obesity Medicine Association (OMA) Clinical Practice Statement (CPS) 2023
    Harold Edward Bays, Shagun Bindlish, Tiffany Lowe Clayton
    Obesity Pillars.2023; 5: 100056.     CrossRef
  • Metformin promotes osteogenic differentiation and prevents hyperglycaemia-induced osteoporosis by suppressing PPARγ expression
    Lifeng Zheng, Ximei Shen, Yun Xie, Hong Lian, Sunjie Yan, Shizhong Wang
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica.2023; 55(3): 394.     CrossRef
  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors as targets to treat metabolic diseases: Focus on the adipose tissue, liver, and pancreas
    Henrique Souza-Tavares, Carolline Santos Miranda, Isabela Macedo Lopes Vasques-Monteiro, Cristian Sandoval, Daiana Araujo Santana-Oliveira, Flavia Maria Silva-Veiga, Aline Fernandes-da-Silva, Vanessa Souza-Mello
    World Journal of Gastroenterology.2023; 29(26): 4136.     CrossRef
  • Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase upregulation contributes to palmitate-elicited peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor transactivation in hepatocytes
    Qing Song, Jun Wang, Alexandra Griffiths, Samuel Man Lee, Iredia D. Iyamu, Rong Huang, Jose Cordoba-Chacon, Zhenyuan Song
    American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology.2023; 325(1): C29.     CrossRef
  • The global perspective on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in ectopic fat deposition: A review
    Yanhao Qiu, Mailin Gan, Xingyu Wang, Tianci Liao, Qiuyang Chen, Yuhang Lei, Lei Chen, Jinyong Wang, Ye Zhao, Lili Niu, Yan Wang, Shunhua Zhang, Li Zhu, Linyuan Shen
    International Journal of Biological Macromolecules.2023; 253: 127042.     CrossRef
  • Chemical inducer of regucalcin attenuates lipopolysaccharide‐induced inflammatory responses in pancreatic MIN6 β‐cells and RAW264.7 macrophages
    Tomiyasu Murata, Kazunori Hashimoto, Susumu Kohno, Chiaki Takahashi, Masayoshi Yamaguchi, Chihiro Ito, Itoigawa Masataka, Roji Kojima, Kiyomi Hikita, Norio Kaneda
    FEBS Open Bio.2022; 12(1): 175.     CrossRef
  • Targets for rescue from fatty acid-induced lipotoxicity in pancreatic beta cells
    Seok-Woo Hong, Won-Young Lee
    Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy.2022; 4(2): 57.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of changes in the proteomic profile of porcine corpus luteum during different stages of the oestrous cycle: effects of PPAR gamma ligands
    Zuzanna Kunicka, Karol Mierzejewski, Aleksandra Kurzyńska, Robert Stryiński, Jesús Mateos, Mónica Carrera, Monika Golubska, Iwona Bogacka, Xiaolong Wang
    Reproduction, Fertility and Development.2022; 34(11): 776.     CrossRef
  • Activation of PPARγ Protects Obese Mice from Acute Lung Injury by Inhibiting Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and Promoting Mitochondrial Biogenesis
    Yin Tang, Ke Wei, Ling Liu, Jingyue Ma, Siqi Wu, Wenjing Tang, Stéphane Mandard
    PPAR Research.2022; 2022: 1.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Pioglitazone on endoplasmic reticulum stress regarding in situ perfusion rat model
    Vivien Telek, Luca Erlitz, Ibitamuno Caleb, Tibor Nagy, Mónika Vecsernyés, Bálint Balogh, György Sétáló, Péter Hardi, Gábor Jancsó, Ildikó Takács
    Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation.2021; 79(2): 311.     CrossRef
  • Inflammation in Metabolic Diseases and Insulin Resistance
    Won-Young Lee
    Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy.2021; 3(2): 31.     CrossRef
  • Current Status of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Type II Diabetes
    Sagir Mustapha, Mustapha Mohammed, Ahmad Khusairi Azemi, Abubakar Ibrahim Jatau, Aishatu Shehu, Lukman Mustapha, Ibrahim Muazzamu Aliyu, Rabi’u Nuhu Danraka, Abdulbasit Amin, Auwal Adam Bala, Wan Amir Nizam Wan Ahmad, Aida Hanum Ghulam Rasool, Mohd Rais M
    Molecules.2021; 26(14): 4362.     CrossRef
  • JunD Regulates Pancreatic β-Cells Function by Altering Lipid Accumulation
    Kexin Wang, Yixin Cui, Peng Lin, Zhina Yao, Yu Sun
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Pioglitazone even at low dosage improves NAFLD in type 2 diabetes: clinical and pathophysiological insights from a subgroup of the TOSCA.IT randomised trial
    Giuseppe Della Pepa, Marco Russo, Marilena Vitale, Fabrizia Carli, Claudia Vetrani, Maria Masulli, Gabriele Riccardi, Olga Vaccaro, Amalia Gastaldelli, Angela A. Rivellese, Lutgarda Bozzetto
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2021; 178: 108984.     CrossRef
  • Radioprotective Effect of Pioglitazone Against Genotoxicity Induced by Ionizing Radiation in Healthy Human Lymphocytes
    Roya Kazemi, Seyed J. Hosseinimehr
    Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry .2021; 19(1): 72.     CrossRef
  • Recent Insights Into Mechanisms of β-Cell Lipo- and Glucolipotoxicity in Type 2 Diabetes
    Maria Lytrivi, Anne-Laure Castell, Vincent Poitout, Miriam Cnop
    Journal of Molecular Biology.2020; 432(5): 1514.     CrossRef
  • Artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin promote β-cell apoptosis induced by palmitate via enhancing ER stress
    Ke Chen, Hu Hua, Ziyang Zhu, Tong Wu, Zhanjun Jia, Qianqi Liu
    Apoptosis.2020; 25(3-4): 192.     CrossRef
  • Mechanisms of impaired pancreatic β‑cell function in high‑fat diet‑induced obese mice: The role of endoplasmic reticulum stress
    Xiaoqing Yi, Xuan Cai, Sisi Wang, Yanfeng Xiao
    Molecular Medicine Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Docosahexaenoic and Eicosapentaenoic Acids Prevent Altered-Muc2 Secretion Induced by Palmitic Acid by Alleviating Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in LS174T Goblet Cells
    Quentin Escoula, Sandrine Bellenger, Michel Narce, Jérôme Bellenger
    Nutrients.2019; 11(9): 2179.     CrossRef
  • PPAR-γ agonist, pioglitazone, reduced oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress associated with L-NAME-induced hypertension in rats
    Eman Soliman, Shereen F. Behairy, Nabila N. El-maraghy, Shimaa M. Elshazly
    Life Sciences.2019; 239: 117047.     CrossRef
  • Changes of MODY signal pathway genes in the endoplasmic reticulum stress in INS-1-3 cells
    Yanan Dong, Shirui Li, Wenhui Zhao, Yanlei Wang, Tingting Ge, Jianzhong Xiao, Yukun Li, Herve Le Stunff
    PLOS ONE.2018; 13(6): e0198614.     CrossRef
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Diabetes
The Association between Persistent Hypertriglyceridemia and the Risk of Diabetes Development: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study
Yu Hyun Kwon, Seul-Ki Kim, Jung Hwan Cho, Hyemi Kwon, Se Eun Park, Hyung-Geun Oh, Cheol-Young Park, Won-Young Lee, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park, Eun-Jung Rhee
Endocrinol Metab. 2018;33(1):55-61.   Published online January 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2018.33.1.55
  • 3,903 View
  • 59 Download
  • 12 Web of Science
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Background

Hypertriglyceridemia is known to have an association with increased risks of insulin resistance and diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of diabetes mellitus, according to changes in the concentrations of triglycerides, over time.

Methods

A total of 15,932 non-diabetic participants (mean age 43.2 years, 68% men) who attended five consecutive annual health check-ups at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, between January 2010 and December 2014, were recruited. Participants were classified according to their triglyceride concentrations; normal (<150 mg/dL) and abnormal (≥150 mg/dL). According to the triglyceride levels in 2010 and 2012, subjects were divided into four groups: normal-normal, normal-abnormal, abnormal-normal, and abnormal-abnormal. The risk for incident diabetes was assessed in 2014.

Results

Among the total subjects, 67.5% belonged to the normal-normal group, 8.6% to the normal-abnormal group, 9.4% to the abnormal-normal group, and 14.5% to the abnormal-abnormal group. A total of 234 subjects (1.5%) were newly diagnosed with diabetes, between 2010 and 2014. Over 4 years, 1%, 1.5%, 2.1%, and 3.0% of the subjects developed diabetes in the normal-normal, normal-abnormal, abnormal-normal, and abnormal-abnormal groups, respectively. When the risk for incident diabetes was analyzed in the groups, after adjusting the confounding variables, a 1.58-fold increase in the risk of diabetes (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10 to 2.26) was observed in the participants with persistent hypertriglyceridemia (abnormal-abnormal group). This was attenuated by further adjustments for body mass index (BMI) (hazard ratio, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.86 to 1.80).

Conclusion

In this large study population, persistent hypertriglyceridemia, over a period of 2 years, was significantly associated with the risk of incident diabetes, which was attenuated after adjustment for BMI.

Citations

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    Min-Kyung Lee, Kyungdo Han, Bongsung Kim, Jong-Dai Kim, Moon Jung Kim, Byungpyo Kim, Jung Heo, Jiyeon Ahn, Seo-Young Sohn, Jae-Hyuk Lee
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2024; 208: 111109.     CrossRef
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    Isabel Pereyra González, Sandra Lopez-Arana
    Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism.2023; 79(4): 372.     CrossRef
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    Jeongmin Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee
    Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy.2023; 5(4): 126.     CrossRef
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    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2022; 107(5): 1270.     CrossRef
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    Jeongmin Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2022; 23(1): 28.     CrossRef
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    Svetlana V. Mustafina, Oksana D. Rymar, Liliya V. Shcherbakova, Evgeniy G. Verevkin, Hynek Pikhart, Olga V. Sazonova, Yuliya I. Ragino, Galina I. Simonova, Martin Bobak, Sofia K. Malyutina, Mikhail I. Voevoda
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    Dongdong Zhang, Cheng Cheng, Yan Wang, Yuan Xue, Yaping Liu, Yiming Liu, Mingming Feng, Ze Xu, Wenjie Li, Xing Li
    Molecular Genetics and Genomics.2021; 296(4): 837.     CrossRef
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  • Response: The Association between Persistent Hypertriglyceridemia and the Risk of Diabetes Development: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study (Endocrinol Metab 2018;33:55–61, Yu Hyun Kwon et al.)
    Eun-Jung Rhee, Yu Hyun Kwon
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2018; 33(3): 425.     CrossRef
  • The Association between Persistent Hypertriglyceridemia and the Risk of Diabetes Development: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study (Endocrinol Metab 2018;33:55–61, Yu Hyun Kwon et al.)
    Mi Hae Seo
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Clinical Study
Changes in Body Composition According to Age and Sex among Young Non-Diabetic Korean Adults: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study
Seul-Ki Kim, Yu-Hyun Kwon, Jung Hwan Cho, Da Young Lee, Se Eun Park, Hyung-Geun Oh, Cheol-Young Park, Won-Young Lee, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park, Eun-Jung Rhee
Endocrinol Metab. 2017;32(4):442-450.   Published online November 21, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2017.32.4.442
  • 5,768 View
  • 63 Download
  • 18 Web of Science
  • 19 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Age-related decreases in lean mass represent a serious health problem. We aimed to analyze the risks of rapid decreases in lean mass by age and sex in relatively young Korean adults during a 4-year follow-up study.

Methods

A total of 65,856 non-diabetic participants (59.5% men, mean age 39.1 years) in a health screening program were subjected to bioimpedance body composition analyses and metabolic parameter analyses at baseline and after 4 years. The participants were sub-divided according to age, and additionally to six groups by age and the degree of body weight change over the 4-year period. The actual changes in body weight, lean mass, and fat mass and the percent changes over the 4-year period were assessed.

Results

The percent change in lean mass decreased and the percent change of fat mass increased with increasing age in every age and sex group. However, the annual percent decrease in lean mass and percent increase in fat mass were significantly higher among women than among men (−0.26% vs. −0.15% and 0.34% vs. 0.42%, respectively; P<0.01). Participants who were older than 50 years and had a weight loss <−5% during the 4 years had significantly greater decreases in lean mass and smaller decreases in fat mass, compared to those who were younger than 50 years. An odds ratio analysis to determine the lowest quartile of the percent change in lean mass according to age group revealed that participants older than 60 years had a significantly increased risk of a rapid decrease in the lean mass percentage (2.081; 95% confidence interval, 1.678 to 2.581).

Conclusion

Even in this relatively young study population, the lean mass decreased significantly with age, and the risk of a rapid decrease in lean mass was higher among women than among men. Furthermore, the elderly exhibited a significantly more rapid decrease in lean mass, compared with younger participants.

Citations

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    Chrysoula Boutari, Christos S. Mantzoros
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2017; 32(4): 422.     CrossRef
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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism