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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism


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Jung Eun Kim  (Kim JE) 6 Articles
Intermuscular Adipose Tissue Content and Intramyocellular Lipid Fatty Acid Saturation Are Associated with Glucose Homeostasis in Middle-Aged and Older Adults
Jung Eun Kim, Keagan Dunville, Junjie Li, Ji Xin Cheng, Travis B. Conley, Cortni S. Couture, Wayne W. Campbell
Endocrinol Metab. 2017;32(2):257-264.   Published online May 29, 2017
  • 4,407 View
  • 56 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   

Insulin resistance is associated with the higher content of intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) and the saturation of intramyocellular lipid (IMCL), but a paucity of data exist in humans. This study examined associations among IMAT content, IMCL saturation, and fasting glucose concentration in middle-aged and older adults with overweight or obesity.


Seventy-five subjects (26 males, 49 females) were recruited and thigh muscle and IMAT were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging. Vastus lateralis tissue was acquired from a subset of nine subjects and IMCL content and saturation were assessed using nonlinear dual complex microscopy.


The characteristics of the 75 subjects were as follows: age 59±11 years, body mass index 30±5 kg/m2, fasting glucose concentration 5.2±0.5 mmol/L, fasting insulin concentration 12.2±7.3 µU/mL, fasting homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) 2.9±2.0 (mean±SD). IMAT to muscle tissue (MT) volume ratio was positively associated with the saturated fatty acid to unsaturated fatty acid ratio in IMCL. IMAT:MT was positively associated with fasting glucose concentration and HOMA-IR. IMCL saturation was positively associated with fasting glucose concentration while muscle cell area, IMCL area, and % IMCL in muscle cell were not associated with fasting glucose concentration.


These results indicate that higher intermuscular fat content and IMCL saturation may impact fasting glucose concentration in middle-aged and older adults with overweight or obesity. The centralization of adipose tissue in the appendicular region of the body may promote insulin resistance.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Intermuscular adipose tissue in metabolic disease
    Bret H. Goodpaster, Bryan C. Bergman, Andrea M. Brennan, Lauren M. Sparks
    Nature Reviews Endocrinology.2023; 19(5): 285.     CrossRef
  • Muscle function and architecture in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis
    Pierre Bourdier, Anthony Birat, Emmanuelle Rochette, Éric Doré, Daniel Courteix, Frédéric Dutheil, Bruno Pereira, Sébastien Ratel, Etienne Merlin, Pascale Duché
    Acta Paediatrica.2021; 110(1): 280.     CrossRef
  • NLRP3 Inflammasome: Potential Role in Obesity Related Low-Grade Inflammation and Insulin Resistance in Skeletal Muscle
    Gonzalo Jorquera, Javier Russell, Matías Monsalves-Álvarez, Gonzalo Cruz, Denisse Valladares-Ide, Carla Basualto-Alarcón, Genaro Barrientos, Manuel Estrada, Paola Llanos
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2021; 22(6): 3254.     CrossRef
  • Intermuscular Fat Content in Young Chinese Men With Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes: Based on MR mDIXON-Quant Quantitative Technique
    Fuyao Yu, Bing He, Li Chen, Fengzhe Wang, Haidong Zhu, Yanbin Dong, Shinong Pan
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Valid and Precise Semiautomated Method for Quantifying Intermuscular Fat Intramuscular Fat in Lower Leg Magnetic Resonance Images
    Andy K.O. Wong, Eva Szabo, Marta Erlandson, Marshall S. Sussman, Sravani Duggina, Anny Song, Shannon Reitsma, Hana Gillick, Jonathan D. Adachi, Angela M. Cheung
    Journal of Clinical Densitometry.2020; 23(4): 611.     CrossRef
  • Adipose Tissue Distribution, Inflammation and Its Metabolic Consequences, Including Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease
    Alan Chait, Laura J. den Hartigh
    Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of weight loss during a very low carbohydrate diet on specific adipose tissue depots and insulin sensitivity in older adults with obesity: a randomized clinical trial
    Amy M Goss, Barbara Gower, Taraneh Soleymani, Mariah Stewart, May Pendergrass, Mark Lockhart, Olivia Krantz, Shima Dowla, Nikki Bush, Valene Garr Barry, Kevin R. Fontaine
    Nutrition & Metabolism.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Local In Vivo Measures of Muscle Lipid and Oxygen Consumption Change in Response to Combined Vitamin D Repletion and Aerobic Training in Older Adults
    D. Thomas, David Schnell, Maja Redzic, Mingjun Zhao, Hideat Abraha, Danielle Jones, Howard Brim, Guoqiang Yu
    Nutrients.2019; 11(4): 930.     CrossRef
  • Impact of different ectopic fat depots on cardiovascular and metabolic diseases
    Daniele Ferrara, Fabrizio Montecucco, Franco Dallegri, Federico Carbone
    Journal of Cellular Physiology.2019; 234(12): 21630.     CrossRef
  • Differential Relationship between Intermuscular Adipose Depots with Indices of Cardiometabolic Health
    Robert E. Bergia, Jung Eun Kim, Wayne W. Campbell
    International Journal of Endocrinology.2018; 2018: 1.     CrossRef
  • Association of sarcopenic obesity predicted by anthropometric measurements and 24-y all-cause mortality in elderly men: The Kuakini Honolulu Heart Program
    Kiyoshi Sanada, Randi Chen, Bradley Willcox, Tomoyuki Ohara, Aida Wen, Cody Takenaka, Kamal Masaki
    Nutrition.2018; 46: 97.     CrossRef
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Functional Study of Gene using Inducible Cre System.
Jung Eun Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2006;21(5):364-369.   Published online October 1, 2006
  • 1,536 View
  • 37 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Gene manipulation by disrupting important genes using homologous recombination in mammals has provided important insights into their function and development with regard to disease. However, many questions related to the genetic pathways that regulate cellular differentiation and function remain to be clarified. In particular, analysis of genetic pathways that control embryonic skeletal development is often hindered by the disruption of critical genes that function in early embryogenesis, thereby leading to embryonic or perinatal death and thus preventing study of the role of these genes in skeletal development and physiology postnatally. To overcome this problem gene-targeting methods, using site- and time-specific recombination based methods with the Cre/loxP system, have been used to delete particular genes in specific tissues and stages during development. Thus, the generation and characterization of transgenic mice expressing Cre recombinase, under the control of a tissue-specific and stage-specific promoter, has become prerequisite for study of the physiology and homeostasis of specific tissues during a specific time frame. In this report, we introduce the principles and methods of site-specific and time-specific recombination using the Cre/loxP and inducible Cre system, and discuss the potential applications for applying this system to the study of the development and physiology of the skeletal system.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • STAT3 maintains skin barrier integrity by modulating SPINK5 and KLK5 expression in keratinocytes
    Jaehyung Kim, Min‐Gyu Kim, Sang Hoon Jeong, Hee Joo Kim, Sang Wook Son
    Experimental Dermatology.2022; 31(2): 223.     CrossRef
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Adequate Duration of Medical Therapy for Koreans with Graves' Disease.
Hyoung Suk Lee, Dong Hun Lee, Hee Sun Chung, Jong Woo Lee, Jung Eun Kim, Seung Soo Shin, Yoon Sok Chung, Kwan Woo Lee, Hyeon Man Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2003;18(1):24-31.   Published online February 1, 2003
  • 1,044 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Graves' disease is an organ specific autoimmune disease. Three kinds of therapeutic modalities(antithyroid drugs, ablation with radioactive iodine and subtotal thyroidectomy) are frequently performed for the management of this disease. The most popular therapeutic policy for the disease in Korea is antithyroid treatment. We analysed and compared the remission rates of all three modalities for Graves' disease, and evaluated the antithyroid modality to determine the correct duration of treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 205 patients with Graves' disease were reviewed. For the evaluation of the antithyroid modality medical treatment, antithyroid drugs were administered for more than 1 year. The prognostic factors associated with remission were analysed by means of an ROC curve. RESULTS: 1) Of the 205 patients, proportions that received medical therapy, subtotal thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy were 83.0, 14.1 and 2.9%, respectively. 2) The remission rates of the medical therapy, surgery and radioiodine therapy were 60.0, 96.5 and 83.0%, respectively. 3) The remission rate of the medical therapy was associated with the duration of medication and TBII activity. The determined proper duration for the antithyroid treatment was 26 months from the ROC curve analysis. CONCLUSION: The above results suggest that the proper duration of antithyroid treatment for Graves' disease is 26 months, after which time the subtotal thyroidectomy or radioiodine therapy should be considered if the disease has not remitted.
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Impaired Metabolic Signal Transduction Networks in Isolated Skeletal Muscle in Korean type 2 Diabetic Patients.
Joon Hyuck Choi, Kwan Woo Lee, Hyo Jeong Kim, Dong Hun Lee, Jong Woo Lee, Jung Eun Kim, Hyun Chae Yim, Kyung Mi Kim, Sung Yi Choi, Yoon Sok Chung, Hyeon Man Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2002;17(5):685-697.   Published online October 1, 2002
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  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The glucose uptake rate is the limiting step in glucose utilization and storage. The failure of insulin to stimulate glucose uptake in muscle appears to be a primary defect of insulin resistance. This study was undertaken to examine the effect of physiological hyperinsulinemia on the phosphorylation of the insulin receptor (IR-beta), insulin receptor substrate (IRS), Akt kinase and GSK-3 in isolated skeletal muscle, in people with type 2 diabetes (n=9) and control subjects (n=11). METHODS: 75g OGTT and euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp test were done. And vastus lateralis muscle was obtained before and 30 min into the euglycemic clamp. Western blots were performed for tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate (IRS) and phosphorylation of the insulin receptor(IR-beta), Akt and GSK-3. RESULT: There were no statistical differences in the mean age, BMI and body fat between the control subjects and diabetic patients. The fasting blood sugar and HbA1c in controls and diabetic patients were 98.+/-1.3 and 208.1+/-16.5 ng/dl, and 5.4+/-0.5 and 9.2+/-0.6%, and 1.4+/-0.2 in the control subjects, and 72.2+/-52.3% (p<0.01) and 10.2+/-6.3 (p<0.01) in the diabetic patients, respectively. The insulin resistance from the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp tests were 8.2+/-0.6 mg/kg/min and 3.7+/-1.1 ng/kg/min in the control subjects and in the diabetic patients, respectively (p<0.01). Compared with the normal controls, insulin-stimulated IR phosphorylation was no different to that in the diabetic patients. However, insulin-stimulated IRS phosphorylation, insulin-stimulated Akt phosphorylation and insulin-stimulated GSK-3 phosphorylation were reduced in the diabetic patients compared with the normal controls by 24, 43 and 25%, respectively (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: In korean type 2 diabetic patients, the insulin resistance may be due to the impairment of the upstream insulin signal molecular network. Further studies will focus on determining whether these signaling defects are the cause of the development of insulin resistance, or secondary to the altered metabolic state, associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus
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A Case with Thyroid Tuberculosis Diagnosed by Non-operative Method.
Dong Hun Lee, Hee Sun Chung, Hyoung Suk Lee, Mee Jung Kim, Jung Eun Kim, Yoon Sok Chung, Kwan Woo Lee, Hyeon Man Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2002;17(4):572-575.   Published online August 1, 2002
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  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Tuberculosis of the thyroid gland is extremely rare, with a few surgically removed cases having been reported. The differential diagnosis, from malignancies and other non tuberculous granulomatous lesions, is impossible clinical grounds. We experienced a case of tuberculosis of the thyroid gland with palpable thyroid nodules, in a 23 year-old female patient. She was clinical and biochemically euthyroid. US and CT scans demonstrated a low density mass in the left low lobe of the thyroid gland. An FNAB showed caseous necrosis, and AFB stains demonstrated tuberculosis bacilli. We report a case of tuberculosis of the thyroid gland, diagnosed by a non-operative method.
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Primary aldosteronism due to right adrenal adenoma case report.
Jung Eun Kim, Young Joon Ryu, Bae Wan Jeon, Chang Ho Jung, Yong Joon Kwon, Yun Kwon Kim, Yun Ja Kim, Seung soo Han, Kwang Hoi Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1991;6(4):377-383.   Published online January 1, 2001
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  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
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