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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism


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Jong Dae Kim  (Kim JD) 2 Articles
Obesity and Metabolism
The Relationship of Body Composition and Coronary Artery Calcification in Apparently Healthy Korean Adults
Jung-Hee Yu, Seo Hyoung Yim, Su Hyeon Yu, Ji Yong Lee, Jong Dae Kim, Mi Hae Seo, Won Seon Jeon, Se-Eun Park, Cheol-Young Park, Won-Young Lee, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park, Eun-Jung Rhee
Endocrinol Metab. 2013;28(1):33-40.   Published online March 25, 2013
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  • 24 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM

We investigated the association of coronary artery calcium score (CACS) with body composition and insulin resistance in apparently healthy Korean adults.


Nine hundred forty-five participants (mean age, 48.9 years; 628 men) in a medical check-up program were selected for analysis. Body composition was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Insulin resistance was evaluated using the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). The CACS was assessed by multidetector computed tomography.


One hundred forty-six subjects (15.4%) showed coronary artery calcification and 148 subjects (15.7%) had metabolic syndrome. CACS showed a significant positive correlation with age, fasting glucose level, waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, hemoglobin A1c, HOMA-IR, and waist-hip ratio (WHR) assessed by BIA. CACS had a negative correlation with high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Subjects with high CACS showed significantly higher mean WHRs and lower mean values for lean body mass compared with subjects without coronary artery calcification. In logistic regression analyses with coronary artery calcification as the dependent variable, the highest quartile of WHR showed a 3.125-fold increased odds ratio for coronary artery calcification compared with the lowest quartile after adjustment for confounding variables. When receiver operating characteristics analyses were performed with coronary artery calcification as the result variable, WHR showed the largest area under the curve (AUC) value among other variables except for age and WC in women (AUC=0.696 for WHR, 0.790 for age, and 0.719 for WC in women).


In our study population of apparently healthy Korean adults, WHR was the most significant predictor for coronary artery calcification among other confounding factors, suggesting that it may have implication as a marker for early atherosclerosis.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2021; 10(3): 457.     CrossRef
  • Association between waist-hip ratio and coronary artery calcification in postmenopausal women
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    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(1): 19.     CrossRef
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    Da Young Lee, Ji Hyun Kim, Se Eun Park, Cheol-young Park, Ki-won Oh, Sung-woo Park, Eun-Jung Rhee, Won-young Lee
    Archives of Medical Research.2017; 48(3): 284.     CrossRef
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    Eun-Jung Rhee, Ji Hyun Kim, Hye-Jeong Park, Se Eun Park, Hyung-Geun Oh, Cheol-Young Park, Won-Young Lee, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park
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  • Increased Risk of Progression of Coronary Artery Calcification in Male Subjects with High Baseline Waist-to-Height Ratio: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study
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  • Characteristics of Body Composition and Muscle Strength of North Korean Refugees during South Korean Stay
    Sun Wook Cho, So Hee Lee, Eun Sil Koh, Si Eun Kim, Seok Joong Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2015; 30(4): 551.     CrossRef
  • Higher association of coronary artery calcification with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease than with abdominal obesity in middle-aged Korean men: the Kangbuk Samsung Health Study
    Min-Kyung Lee, Hye-Jeong Park, Won Seon Jeon, Se Eun Park, Cheol-Young Park, Won-Young Lee, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park, Eun-Jung Rhee
    Cardiovascular Diabetology.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Increased Risk for Intracranial Arterial Stenosis in Subjects With Coronary Artery Calcification
    Hyung-Geun Oh, Pil-Wook Chung, Eun-Jung Rhee
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    Mi Hae Seo, Eun-Jung Rhee, Se Eun Park, Cheol Young Park, Ki Won Oh, Sung Woo Park, Won-Young Lee
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  • Statin eligibility and cardiovascular risk burden assessed by coronary artery calcium score: Comparing the two guidelines in a large Korean cohort
    Eun-Jung Rhee, Se Eun Park, Hyung Geun Oh, Cheol-Young Park, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park, Ron Blankstein, Jorge Plutzky, Won-Young Lee
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  • Relationship of Glycated Hemoglobin A1c, Coronary Artery Calcification and Insulin Resistance in Males Without Diabetes
    Chan-Hee Jung, Eun-Jung Rhee, Kyu-Jin Kim, Bo-Yeon Kim, Se Eun Park, Yoosoo Chang, Seungho Ryu, Cheol-Young Park, Ji-Oh Mok, Ki-Won Oh, Chul-Hee Kim, Sung-Woo Park, Sung-Koo Kang, Won-Young Lee
    Archives of Medical Research.2015; 46(1): 71.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic Health Is a More Important Determinant for Diabetes Development than Simple Obesity: A 4-Year Retrospective Longitudinal Study
    Eun-Jung Rhee, Min Kyung Lee, Jong Dae Kim, Won Seon Jeon, Ji Cheol Bae, Se Eun Park, Cheol-Young Park, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park, Won-Young Lee, Reury F. P. Bacurau
    PLoS ONE.2014; 9(5): e98369.     CrossRef
  • Brief Review of Articles in 'Endocrinology and Metabolism' in 2013
    Won-Young Lee
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2014; 29(3): 251.     CrossRef
  • Letter: The Relationship of Body Composition and Coronary Artery Calcification in Apparently Healthy Korean Adults (Endocrinol Metab 2013;28:33-40, Jung-Hee Yu et al.)
    Han Seok Choi
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2013; 28(2): 153.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic Health Is More Closely Associated with Coronary Artery Calcification than Obesity
    Eun-Jung Rhee, Mi Hae Seo, Jong Dae Kim, Won Seon Jeon, Se Eun Park, Cheol-Young Park, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park, Won-Young Lee, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart
    PLoS ONE.2013; 8(9): e74564.     CrossRef
Angiogenesis and Signal Trasduction.
Young Mi Kim, Young Myoung Kim, Jong Dae Kim, Young Guen Kwon
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2001;16(3):284-292.   Published online June 1, 2001
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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism