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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism


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Jin Seok Kim  (Kim JS) 4 Articles
Primary Bilateral Adrenal Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Presented with Adrenal Insufficiency: A Case Report.
Eun Young Lee, Kyoung Min Kim, Kwang Joon Kim, Songmi Noh, Jin Seok Kim, Woo Ik Yang, Sung Kil Lim
Endocrinol Metab. 2011;26(1):101-105.   Published online March 1, 2011
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary adrenal lymphoma is a very rare disease and it is known to have a poor prognosis. We report here on a case of primary adrenal insufficiency that was secondary to primary bilateral adrenal lymphoma. A 54-year old man was hospitalized because of easy fatigability, weight loss and consistent malaise for 6 months. The physical examination revealed hyperpigmentation on the anterior chest and hypotension. According these findings and symptoms, we did a rapid ACTH stimulation test with a clinical suspicion of adrenal insufficiency. He showed an inadequate adrenal response and so he was diagnosed with adrenal insufficiency. The abdominal CT images showed bilateral huge adrenal masses and increased uptake of the adrenal glands on PET. The pathologic diagnosis by ultrasound-guided gun biopsy of the right adrenal gland was diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The patient was administered combination chemotherapy with the R-CHOP regimen, and after 8-cycles of chemotherapy, he achieved complete remission of tumor according to the image studies and he recovered his adrenal function. Primary adrenal lymphoma, although a rare disease, should be considered in patients with bilateral enlargement of the adrenal glands and when the adrenal glands show increased uptake on a PET scan, and especially there is adrenal insufficiency.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Systemic vs. intrathecal central nervous system prophylaxis in primary adrenal/renal diffuse large b-cell Lymphoma: A multi-institution retrospective analysis and systematic review
    John Xie, Albert Jang, Motohide Uemura, Shigeaki Nakazawa, Teresa Calimeri, Andres JM Ferreri, Shuang R. Chen, Janet L. Schmid, Theresa C. Brown, Francisco Socola, Hana Safah, Nakhle S. Saba
    Leukemia Research Reports.2021; 16: 100263.     CrossRef
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Two Cases of Malignant Lymphoma Involving Bilateral Adrenal Glands as Huge Masses.
Seung Hyeok Han, Jin Seok Kim, Myung Soo Kim, Hye Won Chung, Jae Ho Jung, Young Suck Goo, Chul Woo Ahn, Jae Hyun Nam, Sang Soo Jung, Young Duk Song, Sung Kil Lim, Kyung Rae Kim, Hyun Chul Lee, Kap Bum Huh, Jee Sook Hahn
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2000;15(1):121-127.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Adrenal gland is a common site of metastatic tumors such as breast cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer. When adrenal mass is found incidentally, adenoma is the most common among single adrenal masses. But in the case of bilateral adrenal masses, infection, bilateral metastases and hemorrhage are common. Secondary involvement of the adrenal gland is found in 25% of autopsy cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, adrenal insufficiency is rare because it becomes apparent only when approximately 90% of adrenal cortex is destructed. We exprienced two cases of malignant lymphoma which involved the adrenal glands bilaterally. One case in which adrenal insufficiency was suspicious, was accompanied by hypovolemic shock and sepsis at the initial presentation. He died of sepsis combined with DIC even though hydrocortisone, intravenous saline infusion, and antibiotics therapy were started immediately. The other one was found incidentally, in which adrenal infiltraion was confirmed by CT scan. Hormonal level was normal and adrenal masses disappeared after chemotherapy.
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Comparison of Immunohistochemical and Clinical Characteristics in Pituitary Adenoma with Acromegaly.
Jae Hoon Chung, Eun Mi Koh, Kwang Won Kim, Byoung Joon Kim, Sung Hoon Kim, Kyung Ah Kim, Myung Sik Lee, Moon Gyu Lee, Yong Ki Min, Yeon Rim Seo, Dong Kyu Na, Jong Hyun Kim, Kyu Jeong Ahn, Jin Seok Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1998;13(3):324-330.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
It assumed that plurihormonal pituitary adenomas in acromegaly, which were immunohistochemically stained with other pituitary hormones in addition to GH and prolactin, would be originated from poorly differentiated cells. Therefore, we speculated that they might have higher growth rates and worse prognosis than monohormonal adenomas. To verify this speculation, we analyzed the frequency of plurihormonal adenomas and compared the clinical parameters and radiological invasiveness between plurihormonal adenoma and GH-prolactin adenoma in acromegaly. METHODS: We studied 38 patients with acromegaly (22 males and 16 females, mean age 40.7 years) who were underwent surgical removal of pituitary adenomas by TSA from January 1995 to February 1998. We performed immunohistochemical staining in these tumors using avidinbiotin peroxidase complex method. An adenoma was considered as immunoreactive when above 50 percents of tumor cells were stained with anti-hormonal antibodies. Invasiveness of tumors were evaluated by preoperative MRI findings on the basis of Hardys classification. RESULTS: The frequencies of plurihormonal and GH-prolactin adenomas were 42% and 58%, respectively. Plurihormonal adenoma included an adenoma which was not stained with prolactin, but with GH and other hormones. Prolactin immunoreactivity was found in 97%(37/38) of the tumors. Immunoreactivities to FSH, ACTH, LH, and TSH were found in 37.8%, 13.1%, 2.6% and 2.7%, respectively. There were no significant differences in age, basal serum GH and IGF-1 concentrations between plurihormonal and GH-prolactin adenomas. There were also no significant differences in response to TRH & LH stimulation tests and somatostatin & bromocriptine suppression tests between two groups. There were no differences in radiological invasiveness between two groups (plurihormonal adenoma, grade I 2, grade II 3, grade III 7, grade IV 4; GH-prolactin adenoma, grade I 3, grade II 6, grade III 9, grade IV 4). CONCLUSION: Plurihormonal adenomas were 44% and immunoreactivity to prolactin was 97% in pituitary adenomas in acromegaly. There were no significant differences in clinical parameters and radiological invasiveness between plurihormonal and GH-prolactin adenomas in acromegaly.
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A Case of Turner's Syndrome with Hypothyroidism and Pericardial Effusion.
Sung Kil Lim, Young Duk Song, Hyun Chul Lee, Kap Bum Huh, Jin Seok Kim, Yong Suk Yoon, Suk Ho Kwon, Jae Hyun Nam
J Korean Endocr Soc. 1997;12(4):661-666.   Published online January 1, 2001
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  • 29 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Clinical manifestations of hypothyroidism are very various and these degree are related to the severity and duration of the disease. Pericardial effusions, one of the manifestations of hypothy-roidism, were relatively common in the past. However, recently they may not be so frequent representative of hypothyroid subjects. The higher frequency of Hashimotos thyroiditis in Turners syndrome, especially those with an X-isochromosome, compared with the general population is well known. The pathophysiological process of autoimmunity is thought to be linked with the presence of an abnormal X-chromosome. Recently we experienced a case of X-isochromosome Turners syndrome with hypothyroidism and pericardial effusion and report it with reviews of the literatures.
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