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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism


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Il Kyu Kim  (Kim IK) 1 Article
Obesity and Metabolism
Recurrent Insulin Autoimmune Syndrome Caused by α-Lipoic Acid in Type 2 Diabetes
Sang Mook Bae, Myoung Nam Bae, Eun Young Kim, Il Kyu Kim, Min Woo Seo, Jin Kyeong Shin, Sung Rae Cho, Gui Hwa Jeong
Endocrinol Metab. 2013;28(4):326-330.   Published online December 12, 2013
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS) is characterized by spontaneous hypoglycemia caused by insulin autoantibodies in the absence of exogenous insulin administration. Some drugs containing sulfhydryl compounds are known to initiate the onset of IAS. A 67-year-old female who had diabetes for 5 years visited the outpatient clinic at our institution due to diabetic peripheral polyneuropathy. She was prescribed α-lipoic acid (ALA), which contains two sulfur atoms. Two weeks later, she complained of recurrent hypoglycemic symptoms. We detected a high level of insulin and high titers of insulin autoantibodies. Her human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotype included the DRB1*0406 allele, which indicates a high level of susceptibility to IAS. She was treated with prednisolone. After this episode, she experienced two more hypoglycemic events after taking ALA for diabetic neuropathy in other hospitals. As ALA can be used to treat diabetic peripheral polyneuropathy, physician discretion is advised based on the possibility of IAS due to ALA in diabetic patients.


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