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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism


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Heung Young Jin  (Jin HY) 1 Article
Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Four Cases Required Caution during Long-Term Follow-Up
Hea Min Yu, Jae Min Lee, Kang Seo Park, Tae Sun Park, Heung Young Jin
Endocrinol Metab. 2013;28(4):335-340.   Published online December 12, 2013
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Due to the increased prevalence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), difficult cases and unexpected events have become more common during long-term follow-up. Herein we reported four cases that exhibited poor progress during long-term follow-up. All the cases were diagnosed with PTC and treated with total thyroidectomy before several years, and the patients had been newly diagnosed with recurrent and metastatic PTC. These four cases included recurred PTC with invasion of large blood vessels, a concomitant second malignancy, malignant transformation, and refractoriness to treatment. Physicians should closely monitor patients to promptly address unforeseen circumstances during PTC follow-up, including PTC recurrence and metastasis. Furthermore, we suggest that the development of a management protocol for refractory or terminal PTC is also warranted.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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  • Brief Review of Articles in 'Endocrinology and Metabolism' in 2013
    Won-Young Lee
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2014; 29(3): 251.     CrossRef
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