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Gui Hwa Jeong  (Jeong GH) 3 Articles
Obesity and Metabolism
Recurrent Insulin Autoimmune Syndrome Caused by α-Lipoic Acid in Type 2 Diabetes
Sang Mook Bae, Myoung Nam Bae, Eun Young Kim, Il Kyu Kim, Min Woo Seo, Jin Kyeong Shin, Sung Rae Cho, Gui Hwa Jeong
Endocrinol Metab. 2013;28(4):326-330.   Published online December 12, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2013.28.4.326
  • 3,510 View
  • 50 Download
  • 17 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS) is characterized by spontaneous hypoglycemia caused by insulin autoantibodies in the absence of exogenous insulin administration. Some drugs containing sulfhydryl compounds are known to initiate the onset of IAS. A 67-year-old female who had diabetes for 5 years visited the outpatient clinic at our institution due to diabetic peripheral polyneuropathy. She was prescribed α-lipoic acid (ALA), which contains two sulfur atoms. Two weeks later, she complained of recurrent hypoglycemic symptoms. We detected a high level of insulin and high titers of insulin autoantibodies. Her human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotype included the DRB1*0406 allele, which indicates a high level of susceptibility to IAS. She was treated with prednisolone. After this episode, she experienced two more hypoglycemic events after taking ALA for diabetic neuropathy in other hospitals. As ALA can be used to treat diabetic peripheral polyneuropathy, physician discretion is advised based on the possibility of IAS due to ALA in diabetic patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Long-term follow-up after discharge witnesses a slow decline of insulin autoantibodies in patients with insulin autoimmune syndrome complicated with Grave’s disease: a report of two cases
    Lili Zhao, Jinzhi He, Shandong Ye, Chao Chen, Jie Zhu, Chunchun Xiao, Tingni Wu, Zhicheng Liu
    BMC Endocrine Disorders.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia
    A. A. Akmedova, F. O. Ushanova
    FOCUS. Endocrinology.2023; 4(3): 74.     CrossRef
  • Effects of alpha lipoic acid on metabolic syndrome: A comprehensive review
    Nahid Najafi, Soghra Mehri, Mahboobeh Ghasemzadeh Rahbardar, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
    Phytotherapy Research.2022; 36(6): 2300.     CrossRef
  • Alpha-Lipoic Acid and Glucose Metabolism: A Comprehensive Update on Biochemical and Therapeutic Features
    Umberto Capece, Simona Moffa, Ilaria Improta, Gianfranco Di Giuseppe, Enrico Celestino Nista, Chiara M. A. Cefalo, Francesca Cinti, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Antonio Gasbarrini, Andrea Giaccari, Teresa Mezza
    Nutrients.2022; 15(1): 18.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of the clinical characteristics of insulin autoimmune syndrome induced by alpha‐lipoic acid
    Zuojun Li, Yanhong Su, Dan Yi, Cuifang Wu, Weijin Fang, Chunjiang Wang
    Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.2021; 46(5): 1295.     CrossRef
  • Scientific opinion on the relationship between intake of alpha‐lipoic acid (thioctic acid) and the risk of insulin autoimmune syndrome
    Dominique Turck, Jacqueline Castenmiller, Stefaan de Henauw, Karen Ildico Hirsch‐Ernst, John Kearney, Helle Katrine Knutsen, Inge Mangelsdorf, Harry J McArdle, Androniki Naska, Carmen Pelaez, Kristina Pentieva, Alfonso Siani, Frank Thies, Sophia Tsabouri,
    EFSA Journal.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Management of Insulin Autoimmune Hypoglycaemia: Single‐centre experience from Western India with systematic review of world literature
    Muniraj Patel, Ravikumar Shah, Swati Ramteke‐Jadhav, Virendra Patil, Shivendra Kumar Patel, Anurag Lila, Nalini Shah, Tushar Bandgar
    Clinical Endocrinology.2020; 92(5): 409.     CrossRef
  • Glucose Changes in a Patient With Insulin Autoimmune Syndrome Demonstrated by Continuous Glucose Monitoring
    Shi-Dou Lin, Shang-Ren Hsu
    AACE Clinical Case Reports.2019; 5(1): e35.     CrossRef
  • Insulin Autoimmune Syndrome in a 25-Year-Old, Previously Healthy Kuwaiti Man
    Einas Alrashidi, Thamer Alessa
    Case Reports in Endocrinology.2019; 2019: 1.     CrossRef
  • Insulin autoimmune syndrome in an Argentine woman taking α-lipoic acid: A case report and review of the literature
    Valentina Izzo, Carla Greco, Diana Corradini, Marco Infante, Maria Teresa Staltari, Maria Romano, Alfonso Bellia, Davide Lauro, Luigi Uccioli
    SAGE Open Medical Case Reports.2018; 6: 2050313X1881960.     CrossRef
  • Assessment and Management of Anti-Insulin Autoantibodies in Varying Presentations of Insulin Autoimmune Syndrome
    David Church, Luís Cardoso, Richard G Kay, Claire L Williams, Bernard Freudenthal, Catriona Clarke, Julie Harris, Myuri Moorthy, Efthmia Karra, Fiona M Gribble, Frank Reimann, Keith Burling, Alistair J K Williams, Alia Munir, T Hugh Jones, Dagmar Führer,
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2018; 103(10): 3845.     CrossRef
  • Current Status of Health Foods Including Their Interactions with Drugs and Adverse Events
    Yoshiro Saito
    YAKUGAKU ZASSHI.2018; 138(12): 1511.     CrossRef
  • Autoimmune hypoglycaemia caused by alpha-lipoic acid: a rare condition in Caucasian patients
    A Veltroni, G Zambon, S Cingarlini, M V Davì
    Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • GLP‑1R agonists ameliorate peripheral nerve dysfunction and inflammation via p38 MAPK/NF‑κB signaling pathways in streptozotocin‑induced diabetic rats
    Jingjing Ma, Min Shi, Xiangcheng Zhang, Xiaoning Liu, Juan Chen, Ridong Zhang, Xingzhou Wang, Hong Zhang
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Insulin autoimmune syndrome associated with alpha-lipoic acid in a young woman with no concomitant disease
    Sang Bae Lee, Min Young Lee, Ji Hong You, Seong Han Kim, Ji Sun Nam
    Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine.2017; 34(1): 115.     CrossRef
  • The insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS) as a cause of hypoglycaemia: an update on the pathophysiology, biochemical investigations and diagnosis
    Adel A.A. Ismail
    Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM).2016; 54(11): 1715.     CrossRef
  • Brief Review of Articles in 'Endocrinology and Metabolism' in 2013
    Won-Young Lee
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2014; 29(3): 251.     CrossRef
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A Case of Acute Adrenal Insufficiency with Bilateral Adrenal Hemorrhagic Infarction due to Ebstein-Barr Virus Infection in a Patient with Asymptomatic Chronic Adrenal Insufficiency.
Sung Chang Chung, Soon Hong Park, Joo Young Lee, Shin Won Lee, Gui Hwa Jeong, Sun Zoo Kim, Han Ik Bae, Hun Kyu Ryeom, Jung Guk Kim, Young Oh Kweon, Sung Woo Ha, Bo Wan Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2004;19(2):217-222.   Published online April 1, 2004
  • 1,274 View
  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Acute adrenal insufficiency may result from adrenal crisis, hemorrhagic destruction, or the rapid withdrawal of steroids from patient with chronic steroid medication, congenital adrenal hyperplasia or those on other drugs. Acute hemorrhagic destruction of both adrenal glands can occur due to infection, trauma, anticoagulant therapy, antiphospholipid syndrome or a coagulation disorder. However, there have been no reports on acute hemorrhagic adrenal insufficiency due to the Ebstein-Barr virus (EBV). Herein, a case of acute adrenal insufficiency, with bilateral adrenal hemorrhagic infarction, is reported in a patient with asymptomatic chronic adrenal insufficiency. A 42-year-old man presented with general weakness, weight loss and hyperpigmentation of several months duration. He suffered from a sore throat, general myalgia and a headache on admission. The laboratory findings were lymphocytosis, positive EBV IgM antibody, low cortisol level and a high level of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). Adrenocortical autoantibody and PCR for Mycobacterium tuberculosis showed negative findings. The serologic findings for CMV and HIV were negative. Fine needle aspiration of the adrenal gland revealed a hemorrhagic infarction and positive staining for the anti-EBV antibody. Acute adrenal insufficiency was then diagnosed with a bilateral adrenal hemorrhagic infarction due to the EBV infection in the patient, also with asymptomatic chronic adrenal insufficiency. This is the first case of acute adrenal insufficiency with bilateral hemorrhagic infarction, due to an EBV infection
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Two Cases of Autoimmune Insulin Syndrome with Hypoglycemia.
See Hyung Park, Shin Won Lee, Gui Hwa Jeong, Chang Hoon Choi, Soon Hee Lee, Jeung Hoon Han, Jeong Guk Kim, Seong Woo Ha, Bo Wan Kim
J Korean Endocr Soc. 2001;16(4-5):508-513.   Published online October 1, 2001
  • 952 View
  • 20 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Autoimmune insulin syndrome is characterized by insulin autoantibody, hyperinsulinemia, and fasting hypoglycemia without previous insulin immunization. This syndrome shows discordant levels between immunoreactive insulin and C-peptide. Negative results of an anatomic study of the pancreas and an inability to reproduce hypoglycemia during a prolonged fast may be helpful in excluding insulinoma. Symptomatic hypoglycemia usually develops during an oral glucose tolerance test. This syndrome is a self-limited disorder. Recently, we experienced one case that developed symptomatic hypoglycemia during both the fasting & oral glucose tolerance test, and another that developed symptomatic hypoglycemia during the oral glucose tolerance test but not the fasting test. Hereby, we present these cases with a review of the literature.
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