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Duy-Khanh Dang  (Dang DK) 1 Article
Growth Hormone-Releaser Diet Attenuates Cognitive Dysfunction in Klotho Mutant Mice via Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 Receptor Activation in a Genetic Aging Model
Seok Joo Park, Yoon Hee Chung, Jeong Hyun Lee, Duy-Khanh Dang, Yunsung Nam, Ji Hoon Jeong, Yong Sun Kim, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Eun-Joo Shin, Hyoung-Chun Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2014;29(3):336-348.   Published online September 25, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2014.29.3.336
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  • 31 Download
  • 11 Web of Science
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

It has been recognized that a defect in klotho gene expression accelerates the degeneration of multiple age-sensitive traits. Accumulating evidence indicates that aging is associated with declines in cognitive function and the activity of growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1).

Methods

In this study, we examined whether a GH-releaser diet could be effective in protecting against cognitive impairment in klotho mutant mice.

Results

The GH-releaser diet significantly induced the expression of IGF-1 and IGF-1 receptors in the hippocampus of klotho mutant mice. Klotho mutant mice showed significant memory impairments as compared with wild-type mice. In addition, the klotho mutation significantly decreased the expression of cell survival/antiapoptotic factors, including phospho-Akt (p-Akt)/phospho-glycogen synthase kinase3β (p-GSK3β), phospho-extracellular signal-related kinase (p-ERK), and Bcl-2, but significantly increased those of cell death/proapoptotic factors, such as phospho-c-jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK), Bax, and cleaved caspase-3 in the hippocampus. Treatment with GH-releaser diet significantly attenuated both decreases in the expression of cell survival/antiapoptotic factors and increases in the expression of cell death/proapoptotic factors in the hippocampus of klotho mutant mice. In addition, klotho mutation-induced oxidative stress was significantly attenuated by the GH-releaser diet. Consequently, a GH-releaser diet significantly improved memory function in the klotho mutant mice. GH-releaser diet-mediated actions were significantly reversed by JB-1, an IGF-1 receptor antagonist.

Conclusion

The results suggest that a GH-releaser diet attenuates oxidative stress, proapoptotic changes and consequent dysfunction in klotho mutant mice by promoting IGF-1 expression and IGF-1 receptor activation.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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  • Secreted and Transmembrane αKlotho Isoforms Have Different Spatio-Temporal Profiles in the Brain during Aging and Alzheimer's Disease Progression
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    PLOS ONE.2015; 10(11): e0143623.     CrossRef
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  • Articles in 'Endocrinology and Metabolism' in 2014
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    Clinica Chimica Acta.2015; 444: 18.     CrossRef
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