Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism


Author index

Page Path
Donna Jornsay 1 Article
Continuous Glucose Monitoring in the Hospital
M. Citlalli Perez-Guzman, Trisha Shang, Jennifer Y. Zhang, Donna Jornsay, David C. Klonoff
Endocrinol Metab. 2021;36(2):240-255.   Published online March 31, 2021
  • 15,692 View
  • 639 Download
  • 25 Web of Science
  • 22 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) have suddenly become part of routine care in many hospitals. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has necessitated the use of new technologies and new processes to care for hospitalized patients, including diabetes patients. The use of CGMs to automatically and remotely supplement or replace assisted monitoring of blood glucose by bedside nurses can decrease: the amount of necessary nursing exposure to COVID-19 patients with diabetes; the amount of time required for obtaining blood glucose measurements, and the amount of personal protective equipment necessary for interacting with patients during the blood glucose testing. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is now exercising enforcement discretion and not objecting to certain factory-calibrated CGMs being used in a hospital setting, both to facilitate patient care and to obtain performance data that can be used for future regulatory submissions. CGMs can be used in the hospital to decrease the frequency of fingerstick point of care capillary blood glucose testing, decrease hyperglycemic episodes, and decrease hypoglycemic episodes. Most of the research on CGMs in the hospital has focused on their accuracy and only recently outcomes data has been reported. A hospital CGM program requires cooperation of physicians, bedside nurses, diabetes educators, and hospital administrators to appropriately select and manage patients. Processes for collecting, reviewing, storing, and responding to CGM data must be established for such a program to be successful. CGM technology is advancing and we expect that CGMs will be increasingly used in the hospital for patients with diabetes.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Accuracy and Safety of the 15-Day CareSens Air Continuous Glucose Monitoring System
    Kyung-Soo Kim, Seung-Hwan Lee, Won Sang Yoo, Cheol-Young Park
    Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Glucose management in critically ill adults: A qualitative study from the experiences of health care providers
    Miao Huang, Li Yang, Chuanlai Zhang, Xiuni Gan
    Heliyon.2024; 10(3): e24545.     CrossRef
  • The Need for Data Standards and Implementation Policies to Integrate CGM Data into the Electronic Health Record
    Juan Espinoza, Nicole Y. Xu, Kevin T. Nguyen, David C. Klonoff
    Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology.2023; 17(2): 495.     CrossRef
  • Staff knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding glycaemic management in adult intensive care units: A national survey
    Miao Huang, Ruiqi Yang, Chuanlai Zhang, Xiuni Gan
    Nursing in Critical Care.2023; 28(6): 931.     CrossRef
  • Continuous Glucose Monitoring for Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: Initial Experience at a Tertiary Care Center
    Adrian G. Dumitrascu, Michelle F. Perry, Rebecca J. Boone, Maria P. Guzman, Razvan M. Chirila, Allyson W. McNally, Dorin T. Colibaseanu, Shon E. Meek, Colleen T. Ball, Launia J. White, Ana-Maria Chindris
    Endocrine Practice.2023; 29(3): 155.     CrossRef
  • Use of Continuous Glucose Monitors to Manage Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Progress, Challenges, and Recommendations
    Jared G Friedman, Zulma Cardona Matos, Emily D Szmuilowicz, Grazia Aleppo
    Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine.2023; Volume 16: 263.     CrossRef
  • Type 1 Diabetes Overview and Perioperative Management
    Grace B. Nelson, Kathryn M. Sumpter
    Orthopedic Clinics of North America.2023; 54(3): 287.     CrossRef
  • Real-Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring in the Hospital: A Real-World Experience
    Samantha R. Spierling Bagsic, Addie L. Fortmann, Rebekah Belasco, Alessandra Bastian, Suzanne Lohnes, Anna Ritko, Haley Sandoval, Mariya Chichmarenko, Emily C. Soriano, Laura Talavera, Athena Philis-Tsimikas
    Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology.2023; 17(3): 656.     CrossRef
  • Implementation of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Critical Care: A Scoping Review
    Eileen R. Faulds, Kathleen M. Dungan, Molly McNett
    Current Diabetes Reports.2023; 23(6): 69.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Critically Ill Pediatric Patients with Diabetic Ketoacidosis
    Esther Park, Minsun Kim
    Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.2023; 25(8): 529.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Glycemia Risk Index with Time in Range for Assessing Glycemic Quality
    Ji Yoon Kim, Jee Hee Yoo, Jae Hyeon Kim
    Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.2023; 25(12): 883.     CrossRef
  • A randomized trial of continuous glucose monitoring to improve post‐transplant glycemic control
    Nicholas Jandovitz, Sam J. George, Mersema Abate, Adam M. Kressel, Alexandra C. Bolognese, Lawrence Lau, Vinay Nair, Elliot Grodstein
    Clinical Transplantation.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • More Green, Less Red: How Color Standardization May Facilitate Effective Use of CGM Data
    Richard M. Bergenstal, Gregg D. Simonson, Lutz Heinemann
    Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology.2022; 16(1): 3.     CrossRef
  • Continuous glucose monitoring in the hospital: an update in the era of COVID-19
    Chikara Gothong, Lakshmi G. Singh, Medha Satyarengga, Elias K. Spanakis
    Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes & Obesity.2022; 29(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Breakthrough technology for in-hospital glucose monitoring
    David Kerr, David Klonoff
    The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.2022; 10(5): 304.     CrossRef
  • The Role of the Diabetes Care and Education Specialist in the Hospital Setting

    The Science of Diabetes Self-Management and Care.2022; 48(3): 184.     CrossRef
  • Real-Time Monitoring of Blood Parameters in the Intensive Care Unit: State-of-the-Art and Perspectives
    Rebecca Bockholt, Shaleen Paschke, Lars Heubner, Bergoi Ibarlucea, Alexander Laupp, Željko Janićijević, Stephanie Klinghammer, Sascha Balakin, Manfred F. Maitz, Carsten Werner, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Larysa Baraban, Peter Markus Spieth
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2022; 11(9): 2408.     CrossRef
  • Novel Glycemic Index Based on Continuous Glucose Monitoring to Predict Poor Clinical Outcomes in Critically Ill Patients: A Pilot Study
    Eun Yeong Ha, Seung Min Chung, Il Rae Park, Yin Young Lee, Eun Young Choi, Jun Sung Moon
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Stress-Induced Hyperglycemia: Consequences and Management
    Deepanjali Vedantam, Devyani S Poman, Lakshya Motwani, Nailah Asif, Apurva Patel, Krishna Kishore Anne
    Cureus.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Hospital Diabetes Meeting 2022
    Jingtong Huang, Andrea M. Yeung, Kevin T. Nguyen, Nicole Y. Xu, Jean-Charles Preiser, Robert J. Rushakoff, Jane Jeffrie Seley, Guillermo E. Umpierrez, Amisha Wallia, Andjela T. Drincic, Roma Gianchandani, M. Cecilia Lansang, Umesh Masharani, Nestoras Math
    Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology.2022; 16(5): 1309.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Patient-Driven Lifestyle Modification Using Intermittently Scanned Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Results From the Randomized Open-label PDF Study
    Hun Jee Choe, Eun-Jung Rhee, Jong Chul Won, Kyong Soo Park, Won-Young Lee, Young Min Cho
    Diabetes Care.2022; 45(10): 2224.     CrossRef
  • The Devil Is in the Details: Use, Limitations, and Implementation of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in the Inpatient Setting
    Rebecca Rick Longo, Renu Joshi
    Diabetes Spectrum.2022; 35(4): 405.     CrossRef
Close layer

Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism