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Chul-Hee Kim  (Kim CH) 6 Articles
Miscellaneous
Quality Matters as Much as Quantity of Skeletal Muscle: Clinical Implications of Myosteatosis in Cardiometabolic Health
Hong-Kyu Kim, Chul-Hee Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2021;36(6):1161-1174.   Published online December 28, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2021.1348
  • 5,880 View
  • 269 Download
  • 23 Web of Science
  • 26 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Although age-related changes in skeletal muscles are closely associated with decreases in muscle strength and functional decline, their associations with cardiometabolic diseases in the literature are inconsistent. Such inconsistency could be explained by the fact that muscle quality—which is closely associated with fatty infiltration of the muscle (i.e., myosteatosis)—is as important as muscle quantity in cardiometabolic health. However, muscle quality has been less explored compared with muscle mass. Moreover, the standard definition of myosteatosis and its assessment methods have not been established yet. Recently, some techniques using single axial computed tomography (CT) images have been introduced and utilized in many studies, as the mass and quality of abdominal muscles could be measured opportunistically on abdominal CT scans obtained during routine clinical care. Yet, the mechanisms by which myosteatosis affect metabolic and cardiovascular health remain largely unknown. In this review, we explore the recent advances in the assessment of myosteatosis and its changes associated with aging. We also review the recent literature on the clinical implication of myosteatosis by focusing on metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Finally, we discuss the challenges and unanswered questions that need addressing to set myosteatosis as a therapeutic target for the prevention or treatment of cardiometabolic diseases.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A CT-based Deep Learning Model for Predicting Subsequent Fracture Risk in Patients with Hip Fracture
    Yisak Kim, Young-Gon Kim, Jung-Wee Park, Byung Woo Kim, Youmin Shin, Sung Hye Kong, Jung Hee Kim, Young-Kyun Lee, Sang Wan Kim, Chan Soo Shin
    Radiology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Myosteatosis is associated with poor survival after kidney transplantation: a large retrospective cohort validation
    Jie Chen, Yue Li, Chengjie Li, Turun Song
    Abdominal Radiology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Fatty infiltration of gastrocnemius–soleus muscle complex: Considerations for myosteatosis rehabilitation
    Catherine Hatzantonis, Lalith Satkunam, Karyne N. Rabey, Jennifer C. Hocking, Anne M. R. Agur
    Journal of Anatomy.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association of serum gamma-glutamyl transferase with myosteatosis assessed by muscle quality mapping using abdominal computed tomography
    Han Na Jung, Yun Kyung Cho, Hwi Seung Kim, Eun Hee Kim, Min Jung Lee, Joong-Yeol Park, Woo Je Lee, Hong-Kyu Kim, Chang Hee Jung
    Clinical Imaging.2023; 93: 4.     CrossRef
  • Increased visceral fat area to skeletal muscle mass ratio is positively associated with the risk of cardiometabolic diseases in a Chinese natural population: A cross‐sectional study
    Shi Zhang, Yaping Huang, Jing Li, Xincheng Wang, Xiaohe Wang, Minying Zhang, Yanju Zhang, Meiyang Du, Jingna Lin, Chunjun Li
    Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between hypertension and myosteatosis evaluated by abdominal computed tomography
    Han Na Jung, Yun Kyung Cho, Hwi Seung Kim, Eun Hee Kim, Min Jung Lee, Woo Je Lee, Hong-Kyu Kim, Chang Hee Jung
    Hypertension Research.2023; 46(4): 845.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological, mechanistic, and practical bases for assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle status in adults in healthcare settings
    Jaime A. Gallo-Villegas, Juan C. Calderón
    European Journal of Applied Physiology.2023; 123(5): 945.     CrossRef
  • Muscle fat infiltration in chronic kidney disease: a marker related to muscle quality, muscle strength and sarcopenia
    Carla Maria Avesani, Aline Miroski de Abreu, Heitor S. Ribeiro, Torkel B. Brismar, Peter Stenvinkel, Alice Sabatino, Bengt Lindholm
    Journal of Nephrology.2023; 36(3): 895.     CrossRef
  • IDF2022-1139 Association Between Dyslipidemia And Myosteatosis Using Visual Muscular Quality Map In Computed Tomography
    H.S. Kim, H.N. Jung, Y.K. Cho, E.H. Kim, M.J. Lee, W.J. Lee, J.Y. Park, H.K. Kim, C.H. Jung
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2023; 197: 110467.     CrossRef
  • The role of skeletal muscle mass on cardiovascular disease risk: an emerging role on modulating lipid profile
    Evangelia Damigou, Matina Kouvari, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
    Current Opinion in Cardiology.2023; 38(4): 352.     CrossRef
  • Reference values for low muscle mass and myosteatosis using tomographic muscle measurements in living kidney donors
    Lisa B. Westenberg, Marcel Zorgdrager, Tim D. A. Swaab, Marco van Londen, Stephan J. L. Bakker, Henri G. D. Leuvenink, Alain R. Viddeleer, Robert A. Pol
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between sarcopenic obesity and poor muscle quality based on muscle quality map and abdominal computed tomography
    Yun Kyung Cho, Han Na Jung, Eun Hee Kim, Min Jung Lee, Joong‐Yeol Park, Woo Je Lee, Hong‐Kyu Kim, Chang Hee Jung
    Obesity.2023; 31(6): 1547.     CrossRef
  • Increase in skeletal muscular adiposity and cognitive decline in a biracial cohort of older men and women
    Caterina Rosano, Anne Newman, Adam Santanasto, Xiaonan Zhu, Bret Goodpaster, Iva Miljkovic
    Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.2023; 71(9): 2759.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Paraspinal Muscle Degeneration on Pain Relief after Percutaneous Epidural Adhesiolysis in Patients with Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Disease
    Misun Kang, Shin Hyung Kim, Minju Jo, Hyun Eom Jung, Jungbin Bae, Hee Jung Kim
    Medicina.2023; 59(6): 1118.     CrossRef
  • Sarcopenic obesity and its relation with muscle quality and mortality in patients on chronic hemodialysis
    Alice Sabatino, Carla Maria Avesani, Giuseppe Regolisti, Marianna Adinolfi, Giuseppe Benigno, Marco Delsante, Enrico Fiaccadori, Ilaria Gandolfini
    Clinical Nutrition.2023; 42(8): 1359.     CrossRef
  • Association between computed tomography‐assessed sarcopenia and mortality in patients with anti‐neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody‐associated vasculitis
    Sung Soo Ahn, Yong‐Beom Park, Sang‐Won Lee
    International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.2023; 26(9): 1704.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Insulin Resistance and Myosteatosis Measured by Abdominal Computed Tomography
    Myung Jin Kim, Yun Kyung Cho, Han Na Jung, Eun Hee Kim, Min Jung Lee, Chang Hee Jung, Joong-Yeol Park, Hong-Kyu Kim, Woo Je Lee
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2023; 108(12): 3100.     CrossRef
  • Association of Visceral Fat Obesity, Sarcopenia, and Myosteatosis with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease without Obesity
    Hong-Kyu Kim, Sung-Jin Bae, Min Jung Lee, Eun Hee Kim, Hana Park, Hwi Seung Kim, Yun Kyung Cho, Chang Hee Jung, Woo Je Lee, Jaewon Choe
    Clinical and Molecular Hepatology.2023; 29(4): 987.     CrossRef
  • Different computed tomography parameters for defining myosteatosis in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer
    Wenyi Zhang, Jing Tang, Huiyu Tang, Lingling Xie, Jing Wang, Jinhui Wu, Ming Yang
    Clinical Nutrition.2023; 42(12): 2414.     CrossRef
  • All you need to know about sarcopenia: a short guide for an internal medicine physician in questions and answers
    G. R. Bikbavova, M. A. Livzan, D. V. Tikhonravova
    Bulletin of Siberian Medicine.2023; 22(3): 88.     CrossRef
  • Muscle Fat Content Is Associated with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Liver Fibrosis in Chinese Adults
    W. Guo, X. Zhao, D. Cheng, X. Liang, M. Miao, X. Li, J. Lu, N. Xu, Shuang Hu, Qun Zhang
    The Journal of nutrition, health and aging.2023; 27(11): 960.     CrossRef
  • Body Composition Evaluation and Clinical Markers of Cardiometabolic Risk in Patients with Phenylketonuria
    Luis M. Luengo-Pérez, Mercedes Fernández-Bueso, Ana Ambrojo, Marta Guijarro, Ana Cristina Ferreira, Luís Pereira-da-Silva, André Moreira-Rosário, Ana Faria, Conceição Calhau, Anne Daly, Anita MacDonald, Júlio César Rocha
    Nutrients.2023; 15(24): 5133.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of Muscle Quantity, Quality and Function
    Bo Kyung Koo
    Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome.2022; 31(1): 9.     CrossRef
  • Influence of cross‐sectional area and fat infiltration of paraspinal muscles on analgesic efficacy of epidural steroid injection in elderly patients
    Hee Jung Kim, Miribi Rho, Kyung Bong Yoon, Minju Jo, Dong Woo Lee, Shin Hyung Kim
    Pain Practice.2022; 22(7): 621.     CrossRef
  • Sarcopenia, Obesity, Sarcopenic Obesity and Risk of Poor Nutritional Status in Polish Community-Dwelling Older People Aged 60 Years and Over
    Marika Murawiak, Roma Krzymińska-Siemaszko, Aleksandra Kaluźniak-Szymanowska, Marta Lewandowicz, Sławomir Tobis, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Ewa Deskur-Śmielecka
    Nutrients.2022; 14(14): 2889.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic mechanisms for and treatment of NAFLD or NASH occurring after liver transplantation
    Amedeo Lonardo, Alessandro Mantovani, Salvatore Petta, Amedeo Carraro, Christopher D. Byrne, Giovanni Targher
    Nature Reviews Endocrinology.2022; 18(10): 638.     CrossRef
Close layer
Clinical Study
Relationship of Sarcopenia with Microcirculation Measured by Skin Perfusion Pressure in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Chan-Hee Jung, Yoon Young Cho, Dughyun Choi, Bo-Yeon Kim, Chul-Hee Kim, Ji-Oh Mok
Endocrinol Metab. 2020;35(3):578-586.   Published online September 22, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2020.679
  • 4,996 View
  • 121 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
Few studies have examined the relationship of sarcopenia with the microcirculation. The current study investigated the relationship of sarcopenia with microcirculatory function, as assessed by skin perfusion pressure (SPP), in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients.
Methods
In total, 102 T2DM patients who underwent SPP measurements and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. SPP was assessed using the laser Doppler technique. Sarcopenia was defined as low height-adjusted appendicular muscle mass (men, <7 kg/m2; women, <5.7 kg/m2) using BIA. We divided the participants into two groups based on SPP (≤50 and >50 mm Hg), and an SPP below 50 mm Hg was considered to reflect impaired microcirculation.
Results
Fourteen patients (13.7%) were diagnosed with impaired microcirculatory function of the lower limb based on SPP. The prevalence of sarcopenia in all subjects was 11.8%, but the percentage of patients with an SPP ≤50 mm Hg who had sarcopenia was more than triple that of patients with an SPP >50 mm Hg (28.6% vs. 9.1%, P=0.036). A significant positive correlation was found between SPP and appendicular muscle mass adjusted for height (P=0.041 for right-sided SPP). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that patients with sarcopenia had an odds ratio of 4.1 (95% confidence interval, 1.01 to 24.9) for having an SPP ≤50 mm Hg even after adjustment for confounding factors.
Conclusion
These results suggest that sarcopenia may be significantly associated with impaired microcirculation in patients with T2DM. Nonetheless, the small number of patients and wide CI require cautious interpretation of the results.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Preclinical study of diabetic foot ulcers: From pathogenesis to vivo/vitro models and clinical therapeutic transformation
    Yuqing Du, Jie Wang, Weijing Fan, Renyan Huang, Hongfei Wang, Guobin Liu
    International Wound Journal.2023; 20(10): 4394.     CrossRef
  • Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis for the Assessment of Body Composition in Sarcopenia and Type 2 Diabetes
    Stefano Sbrignadello, Christian Göbl, Andrea Tura
    Nutrients.2022; 14(9): 1864.     CrossRef
  • Discrimination between possible sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome using the arterial pulse spectrum and machine-learning analysis
    Li-Wei Wu, Te OuYoung, Yu-Chih Chiu, Ho-Feng Hsieh, Hsin Hsiu
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The prevalence and risk factors of sarcopenia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Yaqin Ai, Ruoxin Xu, Lingping Liu
    Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
Close layer
Clinical Study
Effect of Dapagliflozin on Alanine Aminotransferase Improvement in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Dug-Hyun Choi, Chan-Hee Jung, Ji-Oh Mok, Chul-Hee Kim, Sung-Koo Kang, Bo-Yeon Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2018;33(3):387-394.   Published online September 18, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2018.33.3.387
  • 5,107 View
  • 104 Download
  • 36 Web of Science
  • 34 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Background

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are expected to improve the liver function of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) combined type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by its characteristic mechanism. This study was designed to investigate the effect of dapagliflozin, one of the SGLT2i, on the liver function of T2DM with NAFLD when combined with metformin.

Methods

Among patients who received dual oral hypoglycemic agents within the 3 months of diagnosing NAFLD, patients who had abnormal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level (>40 IU/L) were included. Patients were divided into two groups: metformin+dapagliflozin group and metformin+dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i) group. Demographic data, biochemical data and the clinical and treatment histories of all patients were reviewed.

Results

A total of 102 patients were included (dapagliflozin group, n=50; DPP4i group, n=52). Dapagliflozin group showed more weight loss and more ALT decline than DPP4i group (−2.9 kg vs. −0.4 kg, P=0.005; −21.1 U/L vs. −9.5 U/L, P=0.008, respectively) and the proportion of patients with ALT normalization after treatment was also significantly higher in the dapagliflozin group (80.0% vs. 61.5%, P=0.041). The effect of dapagliflozin with metformin on ALT normalization remained significant after adjustment for confounding variables including body weight loss (odds ratio, 3.489; P=0.046).

Conclusion

ALT improvement was statistically significant in the dapagliflozin than the DPP4i when combined with metformin and the result was consistent after adjustment for confounding variables including body weight loss.

Citations

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Close layer
Obesity and Metabolism
Serum Concentrations of Ghrelin and Leptin according to Thyroid Hormone Condition, and Their Correlations with Insulin Resistance
Kyu-Jin Kim, Bo-Yeon Kim, Ji-Oh Mok, Chul-Hee Kim, Sung-Koo Kang, Chan-Hee Jung
Endocrinol Metab. 2015;30(3):318-325.   Published online May 18, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2015.30.3.318
  • 3,635 View
  • 42 Download
  • 9 Web of Science
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Thyroid hormones can influence energy metabolism and insulin sensitivity via their interaction with adipocytokines and gut hormones. The aims of this study were to evaluate differences in serum ghrelin and leptin concentrations according to thyroid hormone levels, and to investigate the correlation of insulin resistance.

Methods

A total of 154 patients (57 hyperthyroid patients, 61 euthyroid patients, and 36 hypothyroid patients; mean age, 47.9 years) were enrolled. Serum leptin, ghrelin, and insulin levels were measured and insulin resistance was calculated using the formula of the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR).

Results

There were no differences in mean concentrations of ghrelin or leptin among the three groups. There were no significant differences in insulin levels between the groups (P=0.06), although hyperthyroid patients had borderline statistically significantly higher levels of insulin than did euthyroid subjects by post hoc test (26.4 µIU/mL vs. 16.1 µIU/mL, P=0.057). Regarding HOMA-IR index, the mean levels were highest in the hyperthyroid group among those of the three groups (hyperthyroid vs. euthyroid vs. hypothyroid, 6.7 vs. 3.8 vs. 4.4, P=0.068). Plasma levels of ghrelin were significantly negatively correlated with age, insulin, glucose, body mass index (BMI), and HOMA-IR. Plasma levels of leptin showed significant positive correlation with BMI and triglyceride. There were no significant correlations among thyroid hormone, thyrotropin, ghrelin, leptin, or insulin.

Conclusion

The present study found that serum ghrelin, leptin, and insulin levels didn't differ according to thyroid function conditions. Further studies with larger numbers of patients are required to establish a direct relationship between plasma ghrelin, leptin, and thyroid hormone.

Citations

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  • Insulin resistance, leptin and adiponectin in lean and hypothyroid children and adolescents with obesity
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    Peeyush Yadav, G. G. Kaushik
    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH.2021; : 52.     CrossRef
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Adrenal gland
Clinical Characteristics and Metabolic Features of Patients with Adrenal Incidentalomas with or without Subclinical Cushing's Syndrome
Bo-Yeon Kim, A-Reum Chun, Kyu-Jin Kim, Chan-Hee Jung, Sung Koo Kang, Ji-Oh Mok, Chul-Hee Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2014;29(4):457-463.   Published online December 29, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2014.29.4.457
  • 3,980 View
  • 45 Download
  • 23 Web of Science
  • 20 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The aim of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of adrenal incidentalomas discovered by computed tomography (CT) and to investigate metabolic features of subclinical Cushing's syndrome (SCS) in patients with adrenal incidentalomas in a tertiary hospital in Korea.

Methods

This retrospective study examined the clinical aspects of 268 patients with adrenal incidentalomas discovered by CT at Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital. Clinical data and endocrine function of the patients as well as histological findings were obtained from medical records, while anatomic characteristics were analyzed by reviewing imaging studies. Hormonal tests for pheochromocytoma, Cushing's syndrome, and aldosterone-secreting adenoma were performed.

Results

Most (n=218, 81.3%) cases were nonfunctioning tumors. Of the 50 patients with functioning tumors (18.7%), 19 (7.1%) were diagnosed with SCS, nine (3.4%) with overt Cushing's syndrome, 12 (4.5%) with primary aldosteronism, and 10 (3.7%) with pheochromocytoma. Malignant tumors (both primary and metastatic) were rare (n=2, 0.7%). Body mass index, fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c, and total cholesterol were significantly higher in patients with SCS in comparison with those with nonfunctioning tumors. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension were significantly higher in patients with SCS compared with those with nonfunctioning tumors.

Conclusion

Functioning tumors, especially those with subclinical cortisol excess, are commonly found in patients with adrenal incidentalomas, although malignancy is rare. In addition, patients with SCS in adrenal incidentalomas have adverse metabolic and cardiovascular profiles.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Alexandra-Ioana Trandafir, Mihaela Stanciu, Simona Elena Albu, Vasile Razvan Stoian, Irina Ciofu, Cristian Persu, Claudiu Nistor, Mara Carsote
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    Savas Karatas, Yalcin Hacioglu, Selvihan Beysel
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Obesity and Metabolism
Association between Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy, Diabetic Retinopathy and Carotid Atherosclerosis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Chan-Hee Jung, Ae-Rin Baek, Kyu-Jin Kim, Bo-Yeon Kim, Chul-Hee Kim, Sung-Koo Kang, Ji-Oh Mok
Endocrinol Metab. 2013;28(4):309-319.   Published online December 12, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2013.28.4.309
  • 3,988 View
  • 38 Download
  • 21 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

It is not clear whether microangiopathies are associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We investigated the relation of cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) and other microangiopathies with carotid atherosclerosis in T2DM.

Methods

A total of 131 patients with T2DM were stratified by mean carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) ≥ or <1.0 mm and the number of carotid plaques. CAN was assessed by the five standard cardiovascular reflex tests according to the Ewing's protocol. CAN was defined as the presence of at least two abnormal tests or an autonomic neuropathy points ≥2. Diabetic microangiopathies were assessed.

Results

Patients with CAN comprised 77% of the group with mean CIMT ≥1.0 mm, while they were 29% of the group with CIMT <1.0 mm (P=0.016). Patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) comprised 68% of the group with CIMT ≥1.0 mm, while they were 28% of the group without CIMT thickening (P=0.003). Patients with CAN comprised 51% of the group with ≥2 carotid plaques, while they were 23% of the group with ≤1 carotid plaque (P=0.014). In multivariable adjusted logistic regression analysis, the patients who presented with CAN showed an odds ratio [OR] of 8.6 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6 to 44.8) for CIMT thickening and an OR of 2.9 (95% CI, 1.1 to 7.5) for carotid plaques. Furthermore, patients with DR were 3.8 times (95% CI, 1.4 to 10.2) more likely to have CIMT thickening.

Conclusion

These results suggest that CAN is associated with carotid atherosclerosis, represented as CIMT and plaques, independent of the traditional cardiovascular risk factors in T2DM. CAN or DR may be a determinant of subclinical atherosclerosis in T2DM.

Citations

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Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism