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Beom-Jun Kim  (Kim BJ) 8 Articles
Calcium & bone metabolism
Beyond Bone: Embracing Osteosarcopenia for Comprehensive Fracture Prevention
Beom-Jun Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2024;39(3):531-533.   Published online May 16, 2024
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Calcium & bone metabolism
Higher Plasma Stromal Cell-Derived Factor 1 Is Associated with Lower Risk for Sarcopenia in Older Asian Adults
Sunghwan Ji, Kyunggon Kim, So Jeong Park, Jin Young Lee, Hee-Won Jung, Hyun Ju Yoo, Il-Young Jang, Eunju Lee, Ji Yeon Baek, Beom-Jun Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2023;38(6):701-708.   Published online October 18, 2023
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Despite the protective effects of stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) in stimulating muscle regeneration shown in experimental research, there is a lack of clinical studies linking circulating SDF-1 concentrations with muscle phenotypes. In order to elucidate the role of SDF-1 as a potential biomarker reflecting human muscle health, we investigated the association of plasma SDF-1 levels with sarcopenia in older adults.
This cross-sectional study included 97 community-dwelling participants who underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment at a tertiary hospital in South Korea. Sarcopenia was defined by specific cutoff values applicable to the Asian population, whereas plasma SDF-1 levels were determined using an enzyme immunoassay.
After accounting for sex, age, and body mass index, participants with sarcopenia and low muscle mass exhibited plasma SDF-1 levels that were 21.8% and 18.3% lower than those without these conditions, respectively (P=0.008 and P=0.009, respectively). Consistently, higher plasma SDF-1 levels exhibited a significant correlation with higher skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and gait speed (both P=0.043), and the risk of sarcopenia and low muscle mass decreased by 58% and 55% per standard deviation increase in plasma SDF-1 levels, respectively (P=0.045 and P=0.030, respectively). Furthermore, participants in the highest SDF-1 tertile exhibited significantly higher SMI compared to those in the lowest tertile (P=0.012).
These findings clinically corroborate earlier experimental discoveries highlighting the muscle anabolic effects of SDF- 1 and support the potential role of circulating SDF-1 as a biomarker reflecting human muscle health in older adults.
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Calcium & Bone Metabolism
Decreased Serum Level of Sclerostin in Older Adults with Sarcopenia
Seong Hee Ahn, Hee-Won Jung, Eunju Lee, Ji Yeon Baek, Il-Young Jang, So Jeong Park, Jin Young Lee, Eunah Choi, Yun Sun Lee, Seongbin Hong, Beom-Jun Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2022;37(3):487-496.   Published online May 27, 2022
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Although muscles and bones interact with each other through various secretory factors, the role of sclerostin, an osteocyte-secreted factor, on muscle metabolism has not been well studied. We investigated the levels of serum sclerostin in Korean older adults with sarcopenia.
Blood samples were collected from 129 participants who underwent evaluation of muscle mass and function in an outpatient geriatric clinic of a teaching hospital. Sarcopenia and related parameters were determined using cutoff values for the Asian population. Serum sclerostin levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
The mean age of the participants was 69.6 years, and 20 participants (15.5%) were classified as having sarcopenia. After adjusting for age, sex, and body mass index, serum sclerostin levels were significantly lower in participants with sarcopenia, low muscle mass, or weak muscle strength (P=0.003 to 0.045). Serum sclerostin levels were positively associated with skeletal muscle index and grip strength after adjusting for confounders (P=0.001 and P=0.003), whereas sarcopenic phenotype score showed a negative association (P=0.006). These increases in muscle mass and strength were also dose dependent as serum sclerostin levels increased (P for trends=0.003 and P for trends=0.015). Higher serum sclerostin levels were associated with lower odds ratio (ORs) for sarcopenia, low muscle mass, and weak muscle strength after adjusting for confounders (OR, 0.27 to 0.50; P<0.001 to 0.025).
Higher serum sclerostin levels were associated with a lower risk of sarcopenia, low muscle mass, and weak muscle strength in Korean older adults.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Mechanism and physical activities in bone-skeletal muscle crosstalk
    Zhonghan Zhao, Kai Yan, Qiao Guan, Qiang Guo, Can Zhao
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Musculoskeletal disorders and coronary artery disease —promising molecular markers: literature review
    Viktoria N. Karetnikova, Anastasiya G. Neeshpapa, Evgenia I. Carpova, Olga L. Barbarash
    CardioSomatics.2024; 15(1): 55.     CrossRef
  • Differences in Type 2 Fiber Composition in the Vastus Lateralis and Gluteus Maximus of Patients with Hip Fractures
    Jingwen Tian, Minchul Song, Kyu Jeong Cho, Ho Yeop Lee, Sang Hyeon Ju, Jung Ryul Lim, Ha Thi Nga, Thi Linh Nguyen, Ji Sun Moon, Hyo Ju Jang, Jung-Mo Hwang, Hyon-Seung Yi
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2024; 39(3): 521.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of bone mass in older adults with normal- and overweight derived from the crosstalk with muscle and adipose tissue
    Carina O. Walowski, Catrin Herpich, Janna Enderle, Wiebke Braun, Marcus Both, Mario Hasler, Manfred J. Müller, Kristina Norman, Anja Bosy-Westphal
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Role of the Osteocyte in Musculoskeletal Disease
    Anika Shimonty, Lynda F. Bonewald, Fabrizio Pin
    Current Osteoporosis Reports.2023; 21(3): 303.     CrossRef
  • The role of sclerostin in lipid and glucose metabolism disorders
    Hewen Jiang, Dijie Li, Ying Han, Nanxi Li, Xiaohui Tao, Jin Liu, Zongkang Zhang, Yuanyuan Yu, Luyao Wang, Sifan Yu, Ning Zhang, Huan Xiao, Xin Yang, Yihao Zhang, Ge Zhang, Bao-Ting Zhang
    Biochemical Pharmacology.2023; 215: 115694.     CrossRef
  • Cytokines and exosomal miRNAs in skeletal muscle–adipose crosstalk
    Liu Guo, Menchus Quan, Weijun Pang, Yulong Yin, Fengna Li
    Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism.2023; 34(10): 666.     CrossRef
  • Sclerostin: clinical insights in muscle–bone crosstalk
    Antimo Moretti, Giovanni Iolascon
    Journal of International Medical Research.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Anti-sclerostin antibodies: a new frontier in fragility fractures treatment
    Giovanni Iolascon, Sara Liguori, Marco Paoletta, Giuseppe Toro, Antimo Moretti
    Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sclerostin as a Putative Myokine in Sarcopenia
    Hyon-Seung Yi
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2022; 37(3): 430.     CrossRef
  • Organokines, Sarcopenia, and Metabolic Repercussions: The Vicious Cycle and the Interplay with Exercise
    Giulia Minniti, Letícia Maria Pescinini-Salzedas, Guilherme Almeida dos Santos Minniti, Lucas Fornari Laurindo, Sandra Maria Barbalho, Renata Vargas Sinatora, Lance Alan Sloan, Rafael Santos de Argollo Haber, Adriano Cressoni Araújo, Karina Quesada, Jesse
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2022; 23(21): 13452.     CrossRef
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Adrenal Gland
Aldosterone Inhibits In Vitro Myogenesis by Increasing Intracellular Oxidative Stress via Mineralocorticoid Receptor
Jin Young Lee, Da Ae Kim, Eunah Choi, Yun Sun Lee, So Jeong Park, Beom-Jun Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2021;36(4):865-874.   Published online July 30, 2021
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  • 7 Web of Science
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Despite clinical evidence indicating poor muscle health in subjects with primary aldosteronism (PA), it is still unclear whether the role of aldosterone in muscle metabolism is direct or mediated indirectly via factors, such as electrolyte imbalance or impaired glucose uptake. As one approach to clarify this issue, we investigated the effect of aldosterone on in vitro myogenesis and the potential mechanism explaining it.
Myogenesis was induced in mouse C2C12 myoblasts with 2% horse serum. Immunofluorescence, quantitative reversetranscription polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, viability, and migration analyses were performed for experimental research.
Recombinant aldosterone treatment suppressed muscle differentiation from mouse C2C12 myoblasts in a dose-dependent manner, and consistently reduced the expression of myogenic differentiation markers. Furthermore, aldosterone significantly increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in myotubes, and treatment with N-acetyl cysteine, a potent biological thiol antioxidant, reversed the decrease of myotube area, myotube area per myotube, nucleus number per myotube, and fusion index due to aldosterone through decreasing oxidative stress. A binding enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay confirmed that mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) interacted with aldosterone in C2C12 myoblasts, while eplerenone, an MR inhibitor, blocked aldosterone-stimulated intracellular ROS generation during myogenesis and markedly attenuated the suppression of in vitro myogenesis by aldosterone.
These findings support the hypothesis that hypersecretion of aldosterone, like PA, directly contributes to muscular deterioration and suggest that antioxidants and/or MR antagonists could be effective therapeutic options to reduce the risk of sarcopenia in these patients.


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    Cody A. Rutledge
    The Journal of Cardiovascular Aging.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Frontiers in Physiology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Yasuhiro Izumiya
    Circulation Journal.2023; 88(1): 20.     CrossRef
  • 2023 Korean Endocrine Society Consensus Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Primary Aldosteronism
    Jeonghoon Ha, Jung Hwan Park, Kyoung Jin Kim, Jung Hee Kim, Kyong Yeun Jung, Jeongmin Lee, Jong Han Choi, Seung Hun Lee, Namki Hong, Jung Soo Lim, Byung Kwan Park, Jung-Han Kim, Kyeong Cheon Jung, Jooyoung Cho, Mi-kyung Kim, Choon Hee Chung
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2023; 38(6): 597.     CrossRef
  • Higher Plasma Stromal Cell-Derived Factor 1 Is Associated with Lower Risk for Sarcopenia in Older Asian Adults
    Sunghwan Ji, Kyunggon Kim, So Jeong Park, Jin Young Lee, Hee-Won Jung, Hyun Ju Yoo, Il-Young Jang, Eunju Lee, Ji Yeon Baek, Beom-Jun Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2023; 38(6): 701.     CrossRef
  • The Role of Aldosterone in OSA and OSA-Related Hypertension
    Yi Wang, Chuan Xiang Li, Ying Ni Lin, Li Yue Zhang, Shi Qi Li, Liu Zhang, Ya Ru Yan, Fang Ying Lu, Ning Li, Qing Yun Li
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Daiji Kawanami, Yuichi Takashi, Yoshimi Muta, Naoki Oda, Dai Nagata, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Makito Tanabe
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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Endocrine Research
Effect of CCL11 on In Vitro Myogenesis and Its Clinical Relevance for Sarcopenia in Older Adults
Da Ae Kim, So Jeong Park, Jin Young Lee, Jeoung Hee Kim, Seungjoo Lee, Eunju Lee, Il-Young Jang, Hee-Won Jung, Jin Hoon Park, Beom-Jun Kim
Endocrinol Metab. 2021;36(2):455-465.   Published online April 14, 2021
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  • 4 Web of Science
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
The C-C motif chemokine ligand 11 (CCL11) has been receiving attention as a potential pro-aging factor. Accordingly, it may be involved in muscle metabolism and sarcopenia, a key component of aging phenotypes. To clarify this potential, we investigated the effects of CCL11 on in vitro muscle biology and its clinical relevance for sarcopenia parameters in older adults.
Myogenesis was induced in mouse C2C12 myoblasts with 2% horse serum. Human blood samples were collected from 79 participants who underwent a functional assessment. Thereafter, CCL11 level was measured using a quantikine ELISA kit. Sarcopenia was defined using the Asian-specific guideline.
Recombinant CCL11 treatment significantly stimulated myogenesis in a dose-dependent manner, and consistently increased the expression of myogenic differentiation markers. Among the C-C chemokine receptors (CCRs), CCR5, not CCR2 and CCR3, was predominantly expressed in muscle cells. Further, the CCR5 inhibitor blocked recombinant CCL11-stimulated myogenesis. In a clinical study, serum CCL11 level was not significantly different according to the status of sarcopenia, low muscle mass, weak muscle strength, and poor physical performance, and was not associated with skeletal muscle index, grip strength, short physical performance battery score, gait speed, and time to complete 5 chair stands, after adjusting for sex, age, and body mass index.
Contrary to expectations, CCL11 exerted beneficial effects on muscle metabolism at least in vitro system. However, its impact on human muscle health was not evident, suggesting that circulating CCL11 may not be a useful biomarker for sarcopenia risk assessment in older adults.


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    Mingchong Liu, Xiao Fu, Daqian Yu, Meng Li, Yutao Pan, Chensong Yang, Guixin Sun
    Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle.2024; 15(3): 1121.     CrossRef
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    Zhiwen Fan, Xinyue Sun, Xuelian Chen, Huimin Liu, Xiulian Miao, Yan Guo, Yong Xu, Jie Li, Xiaoping Zou, Zilong Li
    JHEP Reports.2023; 5(9): 100805.     CrossRef
  • Lumican Inhibits Osteoclastogenesis and Bone Resorption by Suppressing Akt Activity
    Jin-Young Lee, Da-Ae Kim, Eun-Young Kim, Eun-Ju Chang, So-Jeong Park, Beom-Jun Kim
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2021; 22(9): 4717.     CrossRef
  • Aldosterone Inhibits In Vitro Myogenesis by Increasing Intracellular Oxidative Stress via Mineralocorticoid Receptor
    Jin Young Lee, Da Ae Kim, Eunah Choi, Yun Sun Lee, So Jeong Park, Beom-Jun Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(4): 865.     CrossRef
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Bone Metabolism
Potential Biomarkers to Improve the Prediction of Osteoporotic Fractures
Beom-Jun Kim, Seung Hun Lee, Jung-Min Koh
Endocrinol Metab. 2020;35(1):55-63.   Published online March 19, 2020
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  • 119 Download
  • 16 Web of Science
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   

Osteoporotic fracture (OF) is associated with high disability and morbidity rates. The burden of OF may be reduced by early identification of subjects who are vulnerable to fracture. Although the current fracture risk assessment model includes clinical risk factors (CRFs) and bone mineral density (BMD), its overall ability to identify individuals at high risk for fracture remains suboptimal. Efforts have therefore been made to identify potential biomarkers that can predict the risk of OF, independent of or combined with CRFs and BMD. This review highlights the emerging biomarkers of bone metabolism, including sphongosine-1-phosphate, leucine-rich repeat-containing 17, macrophage migration inhibitory factor, sclerostin, receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand, and periostin, and the importance of biomarker risk score, generated by combining these markers, in enhancing the accuracy of fracture prediction.


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    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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  • Update on Glucocorticoid Induced Osteoporosis
    Soo-Kyung Cho, Yoon-Kyoung Sung
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(3): 536.     CrossRef
  • Nobiletin promotes osteogenic differentiation of human osteoblastic cell line (MG-63) through activating the BMP-2/RUNX-2 signaling pathway
    Ying Pang, Lili Liu, Hong Mu, Vishnu Priya Veeraraghavan
    Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences.2021; 28(9): 4916.     CrossRef
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Adrenal gland
Bone Health in Adrenal Disorders
Beom-Jun Kim, Seung Hun Lee, Jung-Min Koh
Endocrinol Metab. 2018;33(1):1-8.   Published online March 21, 2018
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  • 54 Download
  • 14 Web of Science
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   

Secondary osteoporosis resulting from specific clinical disorders may be potentially reversible, and thus continuous efforts to find and adequately treat the secondary causes of skeletal fragility are critical to ameliorate fracture risk and to avoid unnecessary treatment with anti-osteoporotic drugs. Among the hyperfunctional adrenal masses, Cushing's syndrome, pheochromocytoma, and primary aldosteronism are receiving particularly great attention due to their high morbidity and mortality mainly by increasing cardiovascular risk. Interestingly, there is accumulating experimental and clinical evidence that adrenal hormones may have direct detrimental effects on bone metabolism as well. Thus, the present review discusses the possibility of adrenal disorders, especially focusing on pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism, as secondary causes of osteoporosis.


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    Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.2022; 20(5): e1022.     CrossRef
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Clinical Study
The Association of Higher Plasma Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Levels with Lower Bone Mineral Density and Higher Bone Turnover Rate in Postmenopausal Women
Hyeonmok Kim, Seong Hee Ahn, Chaeho Shin, Seung Hun Lee, Beom-Jun Kim, Jung-Min Koh
Endocrinol Metab. 2016;31(3):454-461.   Published online July 26, 2016
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  • 8 Web of Science
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   

Despite evidence from animal and clinical studies showing the detrimental effects of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) on bone metabolism, there are no clinical studies relating circulating MIF levels to osteoporosis-related phenotypes. This cross-sectional study investigated the association of plasma MIF with bone mineral density (BMD), bone turnover markers (BTMs), and prevalence of osteoporosis in postmenopausal Korean women.


A total of 246 women not taking any medications or diagnosed with any diseases that could affect bone metabolism were enrolled. BMD values at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total femur, and blood levels of MIF and BTMs were measured in all subjects. Osteoporosis was defined by World Health Organization criteria.


Before and after adjustment for confounding variables, higher MIF levels were significantly associated with lower BMD values at all measured sites and higher levels of all BTMs. All BMD values and BTMs significantly changed in a dose-dependent fashion across increasing MIF quartile. When participants were divided into two groups according to osteoporosis status, postmenopausal women with osteoporosis demonstrated 24.2% higher plasma MIF levels than those without osteoporosis (P=0.041). The odds ratio per each standard deviation increment of MIF levels for prevalent osteoporosis was 1.32 (95% confidence interval, 1.01 to 1.73).


This study provides the first epidemiological evidence that higher plasma MIF may be associated with higher risk of osteoporosis resulting from lower bone mass and higher bone turnover rate, and thus it could be a potential biomarker of poor bone health outcomes in postmenopausal women.


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