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Ahmed Gasim Al-Zubair  (Al-Zubair AG) 1 Article
Association of Plasma Ghrelin Levels with Insulin Resistance in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Saudi Subjects
Ali Ahmed Al Qarni, Faris Elbahi Joatar, Nagalla Das, Mohamed Awad, Mona Eltayeb, Ahmed Gasim Al-Zubair, Muhalab E. Ali, Abdulaziz Al Masaud, Abdirashid M. Shire, Khalid Gumaa, Hayder A. Giha
Endocrinol Metab. 2017;32(2):230-240.   Published online May 29, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2017.32.2.230
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  • 20 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM
Background

Although the exact mechanism of insulin resistance (IR) has not yet been established, IR is the hallmark characteristic of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between plasma ghrelin levels and IR in Saudi subjects with T2DM.

Methods

Patients with T2DM (n=107, cases) and non-diabetic apparently healthy subjects (n=101, controls) from Saudi Arabia were included in this study. The biochemical profiles and plasma insulin levels of all subjects were analyzed, and IR was estimated using the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index. Active ghrelin levels in plasma were measured using the radioimmunoassay technique.

Results

Only 46.7% (50 of 107) of the T2DM subjects had IR, including 26% (28 of 107) with severe IR (HOMA-IR ≥5), while 5.9% (six of 101) of the controls had moderate IR (3 ≤HOMA-IR <5). HOMA-IR values were not associated with age, disease duration, or gender. Importantly, T2DM itself and the co-occurrence of IR with T2DM were significantly associated with low plasma ghrelin levels. However, ghrelin levels were inversely correlated with the HOMA-IR index, body weight, and fasting plasma insulin levels, mainly in the control subjects, which was indicative of the breakdown of metabolic homeostasis in T2DM.

Conclusion

The prevalence of IR was relatively low, and IR may be inversely associated with plasma ghrelin levels among Saudi patients with T2DM.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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